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carbon ternary system

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which carbon (C) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The other elements are Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, N, Ni, S, Si, Ti, V, and W. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... stabilization (iron-chromium) and austenite stabilization (iron-nickel). austenite stabilization binary iron phase diagrams carbon-chromium-iron isopleth eutectic system ferrite stabilization Gibbs triangle isopleth plots isothermal plots liquidus plots peritectic system phase equilibrium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... diagrams involving carbon and iron, the symbol M is used to represent both iron and the other metallic element when the two metals substitute for each other in a carbide phase. carbide phase carbon iron ternary alloy phase diagram The 115 ternary systems presented in this edition have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which iron (Fe) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The article includes 16 phase diagrams: Fe-Mn-Ni liquidus projection; Fe-Mn-Ni...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which molybdenum (Mo) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The article includes 8 phase diagrams: Mo-Nb-Ti isothermal section at 600 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which chromium (Cr) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The other elements are Fe, Mn, Mo, N, Nb, Ni, Ti, V and W. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006240
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which copper (Cu) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The other elements are Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, S, Sb, Si, Sn, Ti and Zn. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... 0.2 wt%. Optimized Source: L. Li, S. Huang, L. Wang, Y. He, J. Vleugels, and O. van der Biest, Thermodynamic Re-assessment of the Fe-Al-C System Based on the Fe-Rich Experimental Data, Front. Mater. Sci. China , Vol 3, 2009, p 33–37 ( Ref 1 ) Carbon contents of 0.05, 0.10, 0.20, and 0.23 wt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen ternary diagram for diamond growth and found a narrow composition range where diamond growth was possible. However, other processes use only carbon- and hydrogen-containing species, while ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) processes use argon along with CH 4 as feed...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... metal and a nonmetal such as iron and carbon; a metal and an intermetallic compound such as iron and cementite; or several metals such as aluminum, magnesium, and manganese. These substances constitute the components comprising the system and should not be confused with the various phases found within...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... and deoxidation of cast iron and steel. It illustrates the thermodynamics of the iron-carbon system and the iron-silicon system. The article examines solubility and saturation degrees of carbon in multicomponent iron-carbon systems. One of the main applications of the thermodynamics of the iron-carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... nickel contents when copper, cobalt, or carbon is added. Except for the ternary alloys with Ni-Fe-Co compositions (Super Invars), the value of the minimum expansivity for any of these ternary alloys is, in general, greater than that of a typical Invar alloy. Figure 4 shows the effects of additions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... chromium is added, and toward lower nickel contents when copper, cobalt, or carbon is added. Except for the ternary alloys with nickel-iron-cobalt compositions (Super-Invars), the value of the minimum expansivity for any of these ternary alloys is, in general, greater than that of a typical Invar alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... crystal mixture is a eutectoid of ferrite and graphite (stable system) or of ferrite and cementite (metastable system), the so-called pearlite. After carbon, silicon is the most important accompanying element of cast iron materials. It can be represented as the Fe-C-Si ternary system containing 2 to 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... components. It discusses the role of alloying elements in terms of their influence on the activity of carbon, which provides information on the stability of the main carbon-rich phases of iron-carbon alloys, that is, graphite and cementite. The article reviews the carbon solubility in multicomponent systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... binary iron-carbon system. Due to their relatively high silicon contents, commercial cast irons also are usually considered to be at least ternary Fe-C-Si alloys. As a result, the critical temperatures of cast irons differ from those of carbon steel. For example, a section through the ternary Fe-Fe 3 C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... substrate (see Fig. 8 and 9 and Section 9.1). This microstructure of planar, parallel ϵ and γ′ sublayers is the one most frequently investigated (apart from the case of a single γ′ layer on top of an α-Fe substrate). For the ternary Fe-N-C system, such a dual-sublayer microstructure is only possible for...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... temperature is reduced by 100 °C (180 °F) in the ternary alloy, and the freezing range is extended. Diffusivity of chromium in the ternary alloy is reduced considerably from the binary alloy. In the ternary alloy, redistribution of carbon attains equilibrium (uniform activity but not uniform composition), and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... resembles the binary Fe-Fe 3 C diagram but exhibits important differences characteristic of ternary systems. Eutectic and eutectoid temperatures change from single values in the Fe-Fe 3 C system to temperature ranges in the Fe-Fe 3 C-Si system; the eutectic and eutectoid points shift to lower carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Si > Ni 5 Si 2 (Co) > Co 50 Ni 50 . Figure 15 gives an example of an unusual, patterned structure that forms occasionally in ternary and higher-order systems ( Ref 19 ). Figure 15 shows a Pt/SiC couple after annealing at 700 °C (1290 °F) for 25 h. Similar microstructures have also...