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carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the machining operations of carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy, or carbon/epoxy thermoset composite materials, such as drilling, reaming, routing, trimming, end milling, slot milling, and facing. It reviews cutting tools for machining, including solid carbide...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... combinations. Carbon fiber is replacing fiberglass as the most widely used reinforcement. The resin matrix is usually an epoxy-based system requiring curing temperatures between 120 and 180 °C (250 and 350 °F). Both past and current applications of fiber-reinforced composites in commercial and military...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003034
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... reinforcement and polyester, melamine, and epoxy resin systems extended the range of thermoset material capabilities. More recent developments of carbon and aramid fibers and of polyimide and silicone matrices offer further enhancements of the engineering properties that are available in thermoset molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... One-piece carbon/epoxy bicycle frame. Courtesy of Kestrel In another one-piece design, the frame is molded with true airfoils to reduce drag. It is reinforced with a hybrid of carbon and polyethylene (PE) fibers. Carbon fibers supply stiffness, while PE fibers provide lightweight strength...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-reinforced composites offer a specific modulus approximately twice that of steel or aluminum. Comparing efficiently designed structural elements, the fatigue endurance limit for aramid and carbon-fiber-reinforced epoxies may approach 60% of the ultimate tensile strength. For aluminum and steel, this value...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., but these materials lie outside the shaded area. In addition to silver, aluminum, and copper, such materials include pyrolitic graphite, CCCs, carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy (C/Ep) and, of course, diamond. The CTE of E-glass fiber-reinforced epoxy (E- glass/Ep), the most widely used PCB material, is much higher...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
...-reinforced phenolic resin are much the same as for the carbon-fabric-reinforced type. Thermoset Epoxy Resins and Fiber-Resin Composites Epoxies are high-strength, medium-temperature resin systems that can be formulated into compounds, such as diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA); multifunctional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... resin are much the same as for the carbon-fabric-reinforced type. Additional information is provided in the article “Phenolic Resins” in this Volume. Thermoset Epoxy Resins and Fiber-Resin Composites <xref rid="a0003447-ref1" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-J 3. Purslow D. and Childs R. , Autoclave Moulding of Carbon Fiber- Reinforced Epoxies , Composites , Vol 17 , April 2 , 1986 , p 127 – 136 4. Loos A.C. and Springer G.S. , Curing of Epoxy Matrix Composites , J. Compos. Mater. , March 17 , 1983 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... widely used, economical reinforcement in polymer-matrix composites is E-glass fiber. When higher stiffness and strength are required, carbon fibers and aramid fibers are employed. There are a wide variety of carbon fibers, differing primarily in the degree of graphitization, which affects modulus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Jang K. , Cho W.-J. , and Ha C.S. , Influence of Processing Method on the Fracture Toughness of Thermoplastic-Modified, Carbon-Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy Composites , Compos. Sci. Technol. , Vol 59 , 1999 , p 995 10.1016/S0266-3538(98)00140-7 22. Hoisington M.A...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... for a glass/phenolic composite and (b) void content for a carbon/epoxy composite. Source: Ref 1 , 7 In metal-matrix processing, the layers of reinforcing fiber in a metal matrix are diffusion bonded with pressure, temperature, and time until the bonding operation is complete. However, the right...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... energy, contact angle, work of adhesion, solid surface energy, and wetting and wicking. The article describes the change in interphase depending on the reinforcing fiber such as glass fiber, polymeric fiber, and carbon fiber. It emphasizes fiber-matrix adhesion measurements by direct methods, indirect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-reinforced polymeric composites are developed from thermoplastic or thermoset resins combined with either discontinuous or continuous unidirectional fibers or woven fabrics ( Fig. 1 ). Typical reinforcements consist of glass, carbon, or aramid fibers, but other materials, such as boron, ceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... stiffness of a wide range of engineering structural materials. The highest structural efficiency is obtained with graphite-fiber uniaxially reinforced epoxy matrix (graphite 0° in Fig. 3 ), and this provides part of the motivation for the widespread use of these materials. However, this material also...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... fibers. Surface Treatments Various materials can be applied to the carbonized/graphitized fibers to control interaction between the fibers and the reinforced matrix. For example, if epoxy resins are the matrix to be reinforced, the composite properties may benefit in laminate shear performance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... properties. Unidirectional material has the most “unbalanced” weave and is usually reserved for special applications involving hardware with axial symmetry (such as a carbon-fiber-reinforced shuttle motor case) fabricated using a tape-wrapping operation. Fig. 3 Unidirectional weave A weave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and tested under different load and environmental conditions. It is hoped the fractographic data provided are useful for comparison with actual fractured surfaces to help determine the cause of component failures. Material systems examined include epoxy resins with different fibers, such as carbon/epoxy...
Image
Published: 01 January 1996
Fig. 15 Fatigue strain-life data. (a) For unidirectional carbon-fiber composites with the same high-strain in different epoxy matrices. (b) Torsional shear strain-cycle diagram for various 0° fiber-reinforced composites. Source: Ref 39 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... to readily pass through to ground. The high electrical current of the lightning arc can cause remelting and rapid quenching of the metal alloy, resulting in changes in microstructure and properties. Composite conductivity, however, is not as homogeneous as in metals. In carbon-fiber-reinforced composites...