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cancer-causing effects

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... metals and particulate materials to corrosion. The effect of metal ions from an implanted device on the human body is also discussed. The article concludes with information on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility corrosion metallic biomaterials metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... It provides a description of metal binding and its effects on metabolic processes. Hypersensitive responses to metal ions are also reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on the possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility cancer-causing effects corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Abstract Abstract Hyperthermia is a type of cancer treatment that requires directing a carefully controlled dose of heated nanoparticles to the cancerous tumor that leads to the destruction of cancer cells. Nanoparticles are used as the heat generating sources within the cancer cells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... layer of the skin makes it more vulnerable to penetration ( Ref 6 ). Toxic effects of contact with chemicals may affect the skin itself. Dermal diseases can include dermatitis, sensitization, necrosis (death of skin tissue), and even cancer. Skin that is injured by chemical exposure can become stiff...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... on the carcinogenicity of metals is shown in Fig. 2 . Specific details pertaining to the carcinogenicity of each metal are discussed later in the chapter along with other toxicologic effects. However, the figure does provide an overview. Human case reports of skin cancer due to arsenic exposure were recognized...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...(VI) is known to be involved in lung and small intestine cancers ( Ref 81 ). Cobalt has been shown to play a role in DNA strand breaks in vitro and could induce chromosome aberrations in the bone marrow ( Ref 82 ). The Co(II) is considered less toxic than Cr(VI), although its effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... been unable to demonstrate any reproducible effect to support the hypothesis that EMFs are the cause or act as promoters of certain cancers. Large-scale studies currently in progress in several countries may provide a partial answer to these problems. Because the studies are currently insufficient...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... by laser welding. Fig. 18 Laser-welded microforceps made from Nitinol. Source: Ref 1 Radioactive Seed Implant Localized cancer treatments can be conducted using radioactive seeds implanted either inside or near cancer cells. This form of radiation therapy is known as brachytherapy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... significant risk factor. Cadmium and its compounds are not readily absorbed through the skin, but they can be ingested. Inhaling cadmium or its compounds can directly cause lung cancer, and it also allows the toxic metal to enter the bloodstream. Once in the blood, cadmium readily accumulates in the kidneys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... inadequate to denote it “inactive.” Some exceptions are known. For example, glass beads with a code YAS-89 (glass or glass-ceramic particles for cancer treatments) yield no fibrous tissue. Thus, the size and shape may be effective to induce the encapsulation. Tissue attachment mechanisms for bioceramic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., 2014. The report identifies agents, substances, mixtures, and exposure circumstances that are known or reasonably anticipated to cause cancer in humans ( Ref 8 ). There is no mention of asphaltic materials in the report, but coal tars and coal tar pitches are “known to be human carcinogens based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in most people, they do suffer from a variety of destructive processes, including fracture, infection, and cancer that cause pain, disfigurement, or loss of function. Under these circumstances, it may be possible to remove the diseased tissue and replace it with some suitable synthetic material. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... In contrast, stochastic effects occur with low doses and lead to an elevated cancer risk over the lifetime of the exposed population. Stochastic effects are long-term and cannot be linked directly to radiation exposure (e.g., if a specific person gets cancer there is no way to determine whether low-level...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... below the occupational exposure limit. There is evidence that inhalation of some nickel compounds (nickel oxide, nickel subsulfide) occurring in the atmosphere associated with certain nickel refining operations may cause respiratory cancers in humans. There is no good evidence that occupational...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... response does not impair the device function or the health of the patient, which requires that it does not induce a tumorigenic (cancer) nor a toxicological (e.g., cell death and tissue necrosis) response. Local tissue responses are defined as the cellular and tissue organization at the material/tissue...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for comparison purposes is intrinsically value laden. For example, what is more important: the risk of cancer or the depletion of oil reserves? Who would decide this? Because a consensus on the relative importance of different impacts is anticipated to be contentious, a widely accepted valuation methodology...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... damage that has been linked to cancer ( Ref 21 ). External Radiation Exposure External radiation exposure is radiation absorbed by the body from an external source. The significant hazard of external radiation is exposure of the skin to β particles when uranium and uranium alloys are handled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0005650
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) or chronic (cumulative effects) and can present danger to health in a number of ways:  The carcinogeneity of a substance (whether it is cancer-causing) is determined by the National Toxicology Program and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.  An irritant is a substance that, on immediate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
....html 79. “IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans,” International Agency for Research on Cancer , http://monographs.iarc.fr/index.php 80. “FAQs for SMaRT Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs), Health Product Declarations (HPDs),” The Institute for Market...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
.... Chromic acid is toxic, may cause cancer by inhalation, and must not enter ground water, bodies of water, or sewage systems. See the Material Safety Data Sheets available from the supplier for conditions of use. Etching should follow soon after final polishing. The specimen should be cleaned in alcohol...