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cancellous-structured titanium

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... porous metal/coating having an open-cell structure, high porosity, and a microsctructure resembling that of cancellous bone. The traditional porous metal/coating includes fiber-metal mesh, cobalt-chromium (CoCr) beads, cancellous-structured titanium, and plasma spray. The article discusses other porous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Boundary α by Special Prior β Grain Boundaries in Titanium Alloys , Acta Mater ., Vol 75 , 2014 , p 156 – 166 10.1016/j.actamat.2014.05.003 82. Hall M.G. , Aaronson H.I. , and Kinsma K.R. , The Structure of Nearly Coherent fcc: bcc Boundaries in a Cu-Cr Alloy , Surf. Sci...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... titanium alloys METALS AND ALLOYS have a diverse application in the medical field, particularly as implantable internal (in vivo) structural, load-bearing materials in devices for partial and total joint replacement, fracture fixation, and instruments. The field of metallography plays a significant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... not only of direct interest to the aerospace and chemical industries but also is of interest to those who need to weld chemically sensitive metals with complex temperature-dependent structures. The need for better joining methods for titanium and its alloys resulted in several investigations of LBW...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ( Ref 1 ) ( Table 1 ). However, while most metals in the group are used almost exclusively in industrial applications as carbides or as minor constituents in alloys of iron, cobalt, and titanium, tantalum has found widespread application in both alloyed as well as commercially pure form ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005888
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Copper 4.7 21 → 900 70 → 1652 Titanium 3.15 21 → 885 70 → 1625 AISI 1045 steel 6.8 21 → 1200 70 → 2192 Tungsten 10.6 21 → 1800 70 → 3272 Source: Ref 11 Table 4 Eddy current penetration depth versus frequency and material at ambient temperature Material at 0 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... shearing is adjacent to the fracture edge. Original deformation structure of the screw is visible at the bottom of the micrograph. 62× For comparison, the shearing fractures of a commercially pure titanium screw and a cast cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy (ASTM F75) screw are shown in Figures 12...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Titanium alloys undergo a transition in crystal structure on heating. The transition temperature (to the high-temperature, body-centered cubic phase, β) is called the β transus. Processing in various methods in the vicinity of the β transus can refine the microstructure. By appropriate processing, it is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... 900 1652 102 56 35 26 16 8 5 Titanium 1200 2192 304 168 105 74 47 23 13 Tungsten 1500 2732 168 92 58 43 27 14 8 Steel 1200 2192 253 140 94 65 41 19 12 Source: Ref 10 Table 3 Minimum thickness for efficient heating of nonmagnetic wide slabs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... carbamates reduces the ultimate T g and thermal stability of the resin and can lead to delamination at elevated temperatures, due to the decomposition of carbamate structure to CO 2 gas and an amine group. Metal catalysts that promote the formation of carbamates are tin, lead, antimony, and titanium, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... materials is assumed to be equivalent to that of air and is assigned a value of 1. Typical nonmagnetic metals are aluminum, copper, titanium, austenitic stainless steels, tungsten, and so on. In contrast to paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials, ferromagnetic materials, including iron, cobalt, nickel, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... total life cycle of an aircraft structure, measurements of “satisfactory performance” can be made at many different levels and different aspects, which reflect the repercussion of failure, such as a flight cancellation, delay, replacement, repair, servicing, repetitive inspection, or other maintenance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... majority of hot-worked workpieces, although other metals, including titanium, aluminum, copper, brass, bronze, tungsten, and nickel alloys, are also inductively heated and hot worked for a variety of commercial applications. The most popular metal hot working processes for which induction heating is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005891
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... superalloys, titanium, and carbon steel, require extra care in order to obtain the desired surface-to-core temperature uniformity. This extra care includes the proper selection of heating mode, frequency choice, process time, and other parameters. In contrast applications that require heating of an entire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... (approximately 80 °C, or 175 °F, in the fully annealed state), it transforms to a monoclinic structure referred to as martensite ( Fig. 2(d) ). Fig. 1 Phase diagram for nickel-titanium, with the austenitic phase highlighted as the phase field at 50% Ni marked “TiNi.” It shows some solubility for nickel but...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... also favorable for the foam to be formed to any shape ( Ref 19 ). The primary advantages of the template-form process are that the pore size and microstructure are uniform and controlled, and there is complete interconnection of the pores. Replamine-form porous materials of α-Al 2 O 3 , titanium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 5.98–6.02 1–50 Terbium 8.230 0.1818 10.3 11.1 1150 Thallium 11.872 0.130 28 47 150 Thorium 11.8 0.11308 10.9 77 157 Thulium 9.321 0.1598 13.3 16.9 676 Tin 5.765 0.205 21 62.8 110 Titanium 4.507 0.5223 8.41 11.4 420 Tungsten 19.254 0.128 3.01–8.87...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... rate on the underlying ILD. Tungsten, in conjunction with a thin titanium nitride adhesion layer, is used in IC manufacturing to form vias, metal lines that interconnect metal layers. Vias are the bright, vertical cylinders in Fig. 1(b) . Tungsten is deposited by chemical vapor deposition, forming a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... Leslie B.C. , Decorative Etching , Metallographic Specimen Preparation: Optical and Electron Microscopy , McCall J.L. and Muller W.M. , Ed., Plenum Press , 1974 11. Cathcart J.V. , Peterson G.F. , and Sparks C.J. , Oxidation Rate and Oxide Structural Defects...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... be made to improve machinability. Tin may influence precipitation-hardening response in some alloy systems at levels in the hundreds of ppm. Titanium is extensively used to refine the grain structure of aluminum casting alloys, often in combination with smaller amounts of boron. Titanium in...