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calcium phosphate ceramics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... crystalline ceramics, porous ceramics, calcium phosphate ceramics, and bioactive glasses. The article discusses the compositions of ceramics and carbon-base implant materials, and examines their differences in processing and structure. It describes the chemical and microstructural basis for their differences...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... The article describes third-generation bioceramics, classified by Hench and Polak, such as silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite and bone morphogenic protein-carrying calcium phosphate coatings. It reviews several examination methods used to test the biocompatibility of ceramics, namely, biosafety testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... °F) for 2 h compared to fine powders. The microstructure of 3D-printed structures created by coarse powders had more homogenously distributed pores than fine powders ( Ref 48 ). Calcium Phosphate Ceramics Calcium phosphate ceramic materials, such as hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006884
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... Abstract Calcium phosphates react to form more stable salts in aqueous solutions. This phenomenon has been applied to the solidification process for the dental and medical cement calcium phosphate cement, which consists of multiple phases of calcium phosphates and calcium salts; solidification...
Image
Published: 15 June 2020
Fig. 3 Fine calcium-phosphate lattice structures fabricated using fused deposition of ceramics (FDC): (a) lattices with even spacing, (b) lattices with variable spacing, (c) side view of the lattices, and (d) SEM image showing the surface porosity of filaments. Adapted from Ref 66 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abbreviations Medical device category Orthopaedic Cardiovascular, catheters, and pacemakers Calcium based ceramics Hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate HA/TCP, HA-TCP, HAp/TCP, Hap-TCP, Biphasic Calcium Phosphate (BCP) ceramics Ca3(PO 4 )2 (TCP), Ca10(PO 4 )6(OH)2(HA) Fixation devices...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Structural applications for advanced ceramics include mineral processing equipment, machine tools, wear components, heat exchangers, automotive products, aerospace components, and medical products. This article begins with an overview of the wear-resistant applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005741
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... in temperature causes all of the compounds to melt. After impact on metallic substrates, melted compounds are either crystallized immediately or some become amorphous calcium phosphates, usually in the splat boundary area. At the same time, TECP is decomposed again into Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 and CaO. Therefore, plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and attachment of bone cells. Ceramic devices are manufactured by a variety of techniques. Typical powder-metallurgy-based routes follow compaction and solid-state sintering of powdered ceramics (alumina and calcium phosphate) or metal-ceramic composites (CermeTi, Dynamet Technology, Inc.) ( Ref 16...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article provides a brief discussion on the common types of overlayers that can be used on a metal surface to protect it from corrosion. These overlayers include phosphate, chromate, and chromate-free conversion coatings; hot dip galvanizing; cementitious linings; glass...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006854
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... and processability. However, polymer-based scaffolds show a rapid decrease in stiffness over time once implanted. Calcium phosphate (CaP) based ceramic scaffolds, such as hydroxyapatite (HA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) ( Ref 77 ), have been extensively studied and used in clinical applications ( Ref 78...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... metal. A bonding medium, such as sodium silicate, calcium aluminate, phosphoric acid, or glass, is used for coatings applied by troweling. In addition, the use of expanded-metal reinforcements greatly improves troweled coatings. Carbides Carbides as ceramic coatings are principally used for wear...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... phosphate ceramics (calcium hydroxyapatite, HA), which provide elements found in bone. The concept involves bonding a thin layer of a biologically active calcium HA coating to the implant. The coating must be capable of being resorbed by the body, which then substitutes natural bone for the calcium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... (HA) has shown positive results in the enhancement of adhesive strength and coating stability ( Ref 60 ). Because of their versatility, calcium phosphate (Ca(PO) 4 )-base coatings are generally fabricated using the plasma-spraying techniques in the industry. Despite its numerous drawbacks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... healing between bone and a prosthetic implant material, which may be ceramic, metallic, or polymeric (e.g., UHMWPE). Examples of such coatings are calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite, both of which are found to have varying friction and wear properties when sliding in different environments. The results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006887
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... ). Hydroxyapatite (HAp) mainly consists of human bones and teeth. The elemental composition of calcium hydroxy phosphate is characterized by the chemical formula Ca 10 (PO 4 ) 6 (OH) 2 . Thus, biological ceramic materials can be inorganically synthesized to ensure artificial bone compatibilities and protein...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... processed using BJAM, including some of the most commonly used engineering ceramics, such as alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) ( Ref 50 – 60 ), zirconia (ZrO 2 ) ( Ref 23 ), and silicon carbide (SiC) ( Ref 51 , 61 ); various bioceramics, including calcium-phosphate-base ceramics (e.g., hydroxyapatite) ( Ref 33 , 62...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006886
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... geometrical accuracy, and no chemical degradation was reported when the optimal printing parameters were in use. Shuai et al. investigated in a similar approach the feasibility of processing a biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) powder feedstock, comprised of HA and beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) via dSLS...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Traditional ceramics, one of two general classes, are commonly used in high-volume manufacturing to make building materials, household products, and various industrial goods. Although there is a tendency to equate traditional ceramics with low technology, sophisticated processes...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... process. Other materials are also being considered, including glass-bonded zeolites and phosphate-bonded ceramics. Other Regulated Products According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and other regulatory bodies, lead is not the only hazardous material used in the ceramic...