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cadmium elimination

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and nonchromated plating layers ( Ref 3 ). Replacing cadmium with one of the replacement plating processes shown in Table 4 , along with eliminating the chromate passivation process, minimizes hazardous materials handling and disposal costs and simplifies regulatory compliance. This column in Table 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and Rinsing Plate Discoloration Yellow Chromate Finish Clear Chromate Finish Olive Green Coating Bright Dipping Phosphate Treatment Molybdenum Coating Waxes Lacquers Plastic Tape Hardness Springs Example 10: Baking of Cadmium-Plated 6150 Alloy Steel to Eliminate Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... it is not clear that this concern has been completely eliminated, testing has indicated that it may not be a major problem. In any case, such a problem could of course be largely eliminated through the use of epoxy-coated reinforcing steel throughout the entire structure. The use of fusion-bonded epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... steel. The bright cadmium layer was stripped from the pins, which were then baked and replated with a dull, porous cadmium layer that allowed outward diffusion of hydrogen. The pins were baked again after deposition of the porous cadmium layer. This eliminated the problem of hydrogen embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... that these two phenomena are related, but addition of 1.5 to 2.0% water to the acid completely inhibited both reactions. Since then, SCC has been demonstrated in hot dry sodium chloride, methanol, hydrochloric acid solutions, seawater, chlorinated solvents, nitrogen tetroxide, mercury, and cadmium. One...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of the components beyond those suggested above can be used to provide similar results. The method of preparation can also be adjusted to reduce or eliminate dust emissions. When designing a ventilation system, care must be taken to balance the static pressure with the input airflow to avoid collapsing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... metals below their T m ( Ref 2 ). Delayed failure of cadmium-plated high-strength steel has been observed below the T m of cadmium ( Ref 3 , 4 ). Accordingly, cadmium-plated steel bolts, despite their excellent resistance to corrosion, are not recommended for use above 230 °C (450 °F). Notched...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, and nickel; (2) essential metals with potential for toxicity, including cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium, and zinc; (3) metals with toxicity related to medical therapy, including aluminum, bismuth, gallium, gold, lithium, and platinum; and (4...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... can give good service lives without special precautions against galvanic attack provided other mitigating factors are present. These might include design elimination of water traps, good ventilation, component warmth, or the presence of an oil film. For continuous outdoor use, during which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... ( Ref 8 , 9 ) and single crystals ( Ref 10 , 11 ) has been observed. Single crystals of zinc and cadmium exhibited brittle cleavage fracture as a result of LMIE ( Fig. 3 ). These are but a few of the manifestations of LMIE. Fig. 3 Cleavage fracture of cadmium monocrystals at 25 °C (75 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...× Abstract Abstract This article discusses the specimen preparation techniques for zinc and its alloys and zinc-coated specimens, namely, sectioning, mounting, grinding and polishing, and etching. It describes the characteristics of lead, cadmium, iron, copper, titanium, aluminum, magnesium, and tin...
Book Chapter

By A. Sato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... of the baths. It provides information on the control of thicknesses of zinc specified for service in various indoor and outdoor atmospheres and on the similarities between cadmium and zinc plating. acid chloride baths alkaline noncyanide baths cadmium plating cyanide zinc baths plate thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... of Cadmium and Lead by Internal Electrolysis <xref rid="a0001742-ref9" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 9)</xref> Such factors as the applied voltage, the electrode potential at the electrodes of interest, the current flowing, the amount of electricity used, and the nature of the deposit at the electrodes affect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the possible explanations for failure by eliminating those explanations that do not fit the observations. The basic steps are: Collect data Identify damage modes present Identify possible damage mechanisms Test to identify mechanisms that occurred Identify the significance of individual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... component. A part designed for a gentle grinding operation could be salvaged by shot peening after a severe grinding operation. Source: Ref 8 When fatigue problems occur, one of the solutions is to eliminate stress raisers in the part by polishing or another surface-refining process. Although...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... difficulties, although some discoloration of soldered surfaces occurs at levels above 0.5%. Cadmium A progressive decrease in wetting capability occurs with additions of cadmium to tin-lead solders. While there is no significant change in the molten solder appearance, small amounts of cadmium can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Method Eliminate “sump” areas where trapped moisture is held in contact with metal. Design them out in the first place by careful attention to design of structure details. Provide properly located drain holes. Minimum hole size approximately 3.2 mm ( 1 8 in.) to prevent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... by the solderability of the base materials to be joined. The solderability of metals and alloys is not simply a matter of chemical nobility, as might be supposed when regarding the good solderability of the noble metals, which do not readily form oxide or tarnish films. Although cadmium and tin both form oxides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Appearance Thickness Characteristics and uses μm mil Cadmium 30–50 HV Bright white 3–10 0.15–0.5 Pleasing appearance for indoor applications; less likely to darken than zinc; anodic to ferrous substrate Chromium 900–1100 HV White—can be varied 0.2–1 (a) 1–300 (b) 0.01–0.06 (a) 0.05...