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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which cadmium (Cd) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of ternary alloy phase diagrams for which cadmium (Cd) is the first-named element in the ternary system. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The article includes 4 phase diagrams: Cd-Sb-Sn isothermal section at 212 °C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Environmental and worker health regulations have increased the costs associated with cadmium coating application and cadmium-beating waste disposal, thus creating economic incentives for industrial users to seek cadmium plating replacements. This article presents a cadmium replacement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Electrodeposits of cadmium are used to protect steel and cast iron against corrosion. This article provides an overview of the surface preparation of, and brighteners used in, cyanide baths. It focuses on the anode system, current density, deposition rates, and bath temperature of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Fusible alloys, eutectic and noneutectic, include a group of binary, ternary, quaternary, and quinary alloys containing bismuth, lead, tin, cadmium, and indium that melt at relatively low temperatures. This article describes the composition and mechanical properties of these alloys and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... conditions of electrodeposition processes for chromium plating, nickel plating, iron plating, cadmium plating, zinc plating, indium plating, lead plating, tin plating, silver plating, gold plating, brass plating, bronze plating, tin-lead plating, zinc-iron plating, and zinc-nickel plating. The article also...
Book Chapter

By A. Sato
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... provides information on the control of thicknesses of zinc specified for service in various indoor and outdoor atmospheres and on the similarities between cadmium and zinc plating. acid chloride baths alkaline noncyanide baths cadmium plating cyanide zinc baths plate thickness plating baths...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... behavior on soft solders, pewter, bearing alloys, tin-copper alloys, and tin-silver alloys. It reviews the influence of corrosion on immersion tin coating, tin-cadmium alloy coatings, tin-cobalt coatings, tin-copper coatings, tin-lead coatings, tin-nickel coatings, and tin-zinc coatings. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract This article discusses the occupational health hazards related to industrial protective coating application and removal. It explains the health hazards associated with coating constituents such as lead, cadmium, chromium, arsenic, silica, and asbestos. The article also discusses hazard...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... cadmium (C) and zinc (B) have a C rating. The meaning of the ratings are: Table 1 Material code Code Bare metal Surface treatment typically used to reduce corrosion of bare metal A Magnesium Anodic coating+alkali-resistant paint or resin seal B Zinc, zinc coatings Anodic coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... strength, failed in a short time at 290 °C (555 °F). Cadmium SMIE and LMIE of high-strength steel has been recognized for many years, particularly in the fastener ( Ref 14 ) and aircraft industries ( Ref 15 ). The term stress alloying was used to describe the phenomenon. A rough guideline suggested...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... dry sodium chloride, methanol, hydrochloric acid solutions, seawater, chlorinated solvents, nitrogen tetroxide, mercury, and cadmium. One of the important variables affecting susceptibility to SCC is alloy composition. Aluminum additions increase susceptibility to SCC; alloys containing more than...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cadmium, which raises the temperature at which recovery and recrystallization occur. Oxygen-free copper, electrolytic tough pitch copper, and fire-refined tough pitch copper are available as silver-bearing coppers having specific minimum silver contents. The silver, which may be present as an impurity in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
....” “Ca-Yb (Calcium - Ytterbium)” in the article “Ca (Calcium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Cd-Yb (Cadmium - Ytterbium)” in the article “Cd (Cadmium) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Cu-Yb (Copper - Ytterbium)” in the article “Cu (Copper) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams.” “Ga-Yb (Gallium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Diagrams.” “B-Y (Boron - Yttrium)” in the article “B (Boron) Binary Phase Alloy Diagrams.” “Bi-Y (Bismuth - Yttrium)” in the article “Bi (Bismuth) Binary Phase Alloy Diagrams.” “C-Y (Carbon - Yttrium)” in the article “C (Carbon) Binary Phase Alloy Diagrams.” “Cd-Y (Cadmium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... processes. This is particularly applicable for solvent cleaning procedures, cadmium and chromium electroplating, chromate conversion coatings, and organic coatings containing high amounts of volatile organic compounds (solvents). The chemicals used for such processes may pose serious health and...
Book Chapter

By Nabil Zaki
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... the automotive industry. Another driver was the urgent need to find an adequate replacement for cadmium plating; cadmium is highly toxic and has been banned in many industrial countries. The use of zinc alloys provides several advantages. Electrochemically, alloys have different corrosion potentials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... contact with food or drink, lead poisoning of the user may result. Cadmium oxide, which is considerably more toxic than lead oxide ( Ref 21 ), is only used in ceramic coatings in connection with the use of cadmium sulfoselenide pigments, which already contain large amounts of cadmium. To control this...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... cadmium and tin both form oxides readily, they are considered easy to solder. On the other hand, chromium, nickel, and aluminum also form oxide films readily, but are difficult to solder. The difference is in the extremely adherent, protective nature of the oxides formed on chromium, nickel, and aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in Table 1 . Even though selective plating can be done in a tank, labor-intensive masking and subsequent removal often make this option impractical. Table 1 Energy factors for selective plating Element or alloy Energy factor Cadmium 0.006 Chromium 0.200 Cobalt 0.014...