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butt joint welds

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract Flash welding, also called flash butt welding, is a resistance welding process in which a butt joint weld is produced by a flashing action and by the application of pressure. The flash welding process consists of preweld preparation, flashing, upsetting (forging), and postweld heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Abstract Flash welding (FW) is a resistance welding process in which a butt joint weld is produced by a flashing action and by the application of pressure. Flash welding is used to join metallic parts that have similar cross sections in terms of size and shape. This article discusses flash...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article describes the joint preparation, fit-up and design of various types of laser beam weld joints: butt joint, lap joint, flange joint, kissing weld, and wire joint. It explains the use of consumables for laser welding and highlights the special laser welding practices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of processes. The resistance welding processes commonly employed for joining aluminum are: Resistance spot welding Resistance seam welding and cross-wire to make lap joints Resistance roll welding Upset and flash welding for butt joining welding High-frequency resistance welding Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... resistance-welded joints. The various resistance-welded joints include spot welds, projection welds, seam welds, and butt welds. The article explains the relative contributions of the Joule, Peltier, and Thomson effects for typical RW scenarios. It concludes with information on the electrode “follow...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electron beam welds electroslag welds fatigue fitness-for-service assessment flash welds friction welding high-frequency induction welds inclusions joint design laser beam welds mechanical testing porosity upset butt welds weld discontinuity weldment failure weldment integrity WELDMENT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... is applied to produce a forged weld. High-frequency resistance welding is an automated process and is not adaptable to manual welding. High-frequency resistance welding was developed during the late 1940s and early 1950s to fill the need for high-integrity butt joints and seam welds in pipe and tubing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... stiffeners Bending, shear Weld toe 8 Double shear bolted lap joint Axial Holes 8A Double shear riveted lap joint Axial Holes 9 Single shear riveted lap joint Axial Holes 10 Transverse butt joint, as-welded Axial Weld toe 10(G) Transverse butt joint, weld ground Axial Weld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... Joints used in OFW are butt, lap, edge, T-, and comer joints. Either fillet or groove welds are used, depending on workpiece and strength requirements. Five joints used for single-pass OFW of low-carbon steel sheet are shown in Fig. 10 . For OFW, beveling of joint edges is not needed in sheet up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... the inductive force acting on the piston rod and to record the inductive displacement. Software is available to produce butt-welded joints by two methods. In cold pressure butt welding with continuous thrust, the piston rods of the 630 kN cylinders are displaced by the same amount. The 250 kN cylinders maintain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of temper on axial-tension fatigue behavior of 5083 butt-welded joints. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 1 Results of axial fatigue tests of aluminum alloys as-welded butt joints in 3 8 in. plate. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 9 Effect of stress relief on fatigue strength of 5456-H3221...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... properties of selected ODS alloys ODS alloys Condition (a) Welding process (b) Joint type Filler metal Postweld heat treatment (c) Test temperature Stress (d) Life (e) , h Longitudinal base-metal strength, approximate % Comment °C °F °C °F MPa ksi MA 956 FG FRW Butt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... In some materials, for example, a square-grooved butt joint preparation can be used for thicknesses up to 12 mm (0.5 in.). The process can produce high weld integrity (similar to GTAW) while minimizing weld passes and, hence, welding times and labor costs. The columnar shape of the arc results...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... corresponding oscillation of the vapor cavity within the molten pool, is utilized in conjunction with motion used for the welding path. Shown in Table 1 are parameters that were established for conventional LBW and LSW for producing butt, lap, fillet, and lap-fillet joints on 3.0 mm (0.12 in.) thick alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... arc welding butt joints edge preparation fillet welds groove angle groove welds root opening submerged arc welding weld joint A WELD JOINT serves to transfer the stresses between the joined members and throughout the welded assembly. The type of loading and service of the weldment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of the efflux plasma. Additional (cosmetic) run using melt mode may be employed 6.0–15 0.24–0.60 Single-V butt Keyhole plasma 2 or more Keyhole technique used for root run only. Joint completed with the melt mode plus filler wire Table 3 Joint configurations for plasma welding sheet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... of heating. In a closely related process, magnetically induced arc butt welding, the surfaces to be welded are heated by a rapidly rotating arc plasma. Generally, the process is conducted in the open air, with oxygen partially occluded from the joint area by the initial contact of the faying surfaces. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
..., the flat position is used whenever possible for welding. The horizontal position is used in some fillet welding of corner joints and T-joints. Vertical and overhead positions and the horizontal position are less frequently used in welding butt joints. These positions are ordinarily restricted to GTAW...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Root opening (a) Groove angle, degrees Weld-bead width (a) mm in. Square-groove butt joint 0.254–2.29 0.010–0.090 0 … … 0.787–3.18 0.0314–0.125 0-0.10 t … … Single-V-groove butt joint 1.57–3.18 0.062–0.125 0-0.10 t 30–60 0.10-0.25 t 2.29–3.18 0.090–0.125...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
.... (e) Full-penetration weld. Suitable for thick material. On material thicker than suggested maximum, use double-V-groove butt joint to minimize distortion. (f) Not recommended because spray arc welding is more practical or economical, or both. (g) Full-penetration weld. Used on thick material...