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bulk formability

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Fig. 1 Comparison of the bulk formability of carbon and low-alloy steels with the formability of resulfurized grades. T M is the absolute melting temperature of the alloys. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 8 Deformation resistance versus temperature for various carbon and alloy steels. Source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... Finally, the article details the various factors influencing workability in bulk deformation processes and formability in sheet-metal forming. mechanical testing metalworking workability product quality strength ductility hardness strain-hardening exponent strain-rate effects temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... as the microstructural effects on metal flow. It also discusses the defects in sheet-metal formed parts and flow-related defects in bulk forming. bulk forming chevron cracking cold working deformation deformation design flow stress formability free-surface cracking hot working microstructure plastic flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
...), properties of the direct quenched microalloy grade were very similar to those of quenched and tempered 4140. The hardness of all three materials tested was 40 HRC ( Fig. 10 ). Additional information on the effect of various elements on the metallurgy of steels is available in the article “Bulk Formability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... in the automotive industry. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 8 Yield strength and formability (in terms of tensile ductility) of conventional high-strength steels (HSS) and advanced high-strength steels (AHSS). Types of steels: BH, bake-hardening; CMn, carbon-manganese; CP, complex phase; DP, dual-phase; HSLA, high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-relaxation testing. Shear testing, torsion testing, and formability testing are also discussed. The discussion of tension testing includes information about stress-strain curves and the properties described by them. compression testing fatigue testing formability testing fracture testing hardness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., and stress-relaxation testing. Shear testing, torsion testing, and formability testing are also discussed. The discussion of tension testing includes information about stress-strain curves and the properties described by them. compression testing fatigue testing formability testing fracture testing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Thermal stability Biological stability Stress corrosion Hydrogen embrittlement Hydraulic permeability Fabrication properties Castability Heat treatability Hardenability Formability Machinability Weldability Scale for rating manufacturing processes Table 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... to 134 kJ (6,600 to 99,000 ft·lbf). Ram dimensions and other pertinent details concerning these hammers can be found in the article “Hammers and Presses for Forging” in Metalworking: Bulk Forming , Volume 14A, ASM Handbook , 2005. Planishing hammers are used to supplement drop hammer forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... in the part to be formed. Failure will occur if the point is above the forming limit diagram for the sheet metal. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 5 Schematic workability diagram for bulk deformation processes. Strain path a would lead to failure for material A. Both strain paths can be used for the successful...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... A B B 446 345 50 A B A (a) B-C C B B B A, excellent; B, good; C, fair; D, not generally recommended. Suitability ratings are based on comparison of the steels within any one class; thus it should not be inferred that a ferritic steel with an A rating is more formable than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... with Phase-Field Model for the Simulation of Microstructural Evolution Example 8: Integration with Microscopic and Cellular Automaton Models for Solidification Simulation Phase Diagram Calculation Examples Example 1: Prediction of Bulk Metallic Glass Formability Example 2: Design and Development...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...Abstract Abstract Many characteristics of extrusion alloy 6063 are similar to those of 6061 with slightly better formability and general corrosion resistance. This datasheet provides information on composition limits, fabrication characteristics, processing effects on physical and mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... noncontact 3-D surface-deformation measuring system. Source: Ref 46 Abstract Abstract Forming processes can be divided into three major categories: bulk forming, sheet-metal forming, and semisolid forming and polymer extrusion. This article introduces each process category with a description...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of some common sheet steel coatings available. It discusses the formability differences between coated and bare steel and provides some general guidelines on the forming of coated steels. Coated steels are classified according to the nature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... As is described later, this has important implications to both formability and wrinkling. Impact—High Pressures Easily Created Something fairly unique to high-velocity forming is that very high pressures are created when two solid bodies impact with significant velocity. A detailed understanding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.9781627081856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... such that after the forming loads are released, the part springs back to the desired shape. This results in nonuniform microstructure, because the surface layer has a significantly larger plastic deformation than the bulk. During age forming, the forming loads are often lower than the yield stress of the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... of Superimposed Hydrostatic Pressure on Flow and Fracture of Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu-Be Bulk Metallic Glass , Scr. Metall. Mater. , Vol 41 , 1999 , p 19 – 24 10.1016/S1359-6462(99)00128-1 23. Lewandowski J.J. and Lowhaphandu P. , Pressure Effects on Flow and Fracture of a Bulk Amorphous Zr-Ti-Ni-Cu...