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bulk formability

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Abstract This article discusses the bulk formability or workability of steels. It describes their formability characteristics and presents procedures for various formability tests used for carbon and alloy steels. Tests for bulk formability can be divided into two main categories: primary tests...
Image
Published: 01 January 1990
Fig. 1 Comparison of the bulk formability of carbon and low-alloy steels with the formability of resulfurized grades. T M is the absolute melting temperature of the alloys. Source: Ref 1 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., the article details the various factors influencing workability in bulk deformation processes and formability in sheet-metal forming. mechanical testing metalworking workability product quality strength ductility hardness strain-hardening exponent strain-rate effects temperature effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... as the microstructural effects on metal flow. It also discusses the defects in sheet-metal formed parts and flow-related defects in bulk forming. bulk forming chevron cracking cold working deformation deformation design flow stress formability free-surface cracking hot working microstructure plastic flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
..., Metalworking: Bulk Forming , 2005) describes the state of the art in bulk-forming processes. Various major sections of this Volume deal with descriptions of specific processes, selection of equipment and die materials, forming practice for specific alloys, and various aspects of process design and control...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Characteristics of stainless steel that affect its formability include yield strength, tensile strength, and ductility, in addition to the effect of work hardening on these properties. This article discusses the forming process of stainless steel, heat-resistant alloys and refractory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Abstract This article provides an overview of some common sheet steel coatings available. It discusses the formability differences between coated and bare steel and provides some general guidelines on the forming of coated steels. Coated steels are classified according to the nature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... to 134 kJ (6,600 to 99,000 ft·lbf). Ram dimensions and other pertinent details concerning these hammers can be found in the article “Hammers and Presses for Forging” in Metalworking: Bulk Forming , Volume 14A, ASM Handbook , 2005. Planishing hammers are used to supplement drop hammer forming...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Many characteristics of extrusion alloy 6063 are similar to those of 6061 with slightly better formability and general corrosion resistance. This datasheet provides information on composition limits, fabrication characteristics, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., excellent; 2, good; 3, fair; 4, very poor; 5, difficult. Source: Ref 7 Workability and Formability Two kinds of plastic deformation processes must be recognized. In three-dimensional, or bulk deformation, processes the material is deformed in all three principal directions. Here, the limit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... As is described later, this has important implications to both formability and wrinkling. Impact—High Pressures Easily Created Something fairly unique to high-velocity forming is that very high pressures are created when two solid bodies impact with significant velocity. A detailed understanding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... modeling are outlined, and the test methods for determining these properties are described. Special attention is given to the accuracy of data. Additional information on bulk workability testing and sheet formability is also contained in ASM Handbook, Volume 14, Forming and Forging . Testing for Bulk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... for industrial applications. Multicomponent Phase Diagram Calculation Examples In example 1, phase diagram calculation is used to predict bulk metallic glass formability. In example 2, calculation is made for nickel alloys, focusing on the major concerns in the development of nickel-base superalloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... retaining useful levels of electrical and thermal conductivity. Applications for these alloys include: Electronic components, where the strength, formability, and favorable elastic modulus of these alloys make them well suited for use as electronic connector contacts Electrical equipment, where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... influencing the selection of a material for production, including material composition, heat-treated condition, surface finish, and cost of material. The article describes the material characteristics, such as terms formability, workability, castability, machinability, and weldability, that aid or hinder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
..., weldability, formability, and corrosion resistance are suitable for vessels, storage tanks, tubes, piping, and so on to handle chemicals at elevated temperatures in the chemical and process industries. It is also used in the transportation industry for welded tank trailers that transport hot loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... the forming loads are released, the part springs back to the desired shape. This results in nonuniform microstructure, because the surface layer has a significantly larger plastic deformation than the bulk. During age forming, the forming loads are often lower than the yield stress of the material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... , in this case, an internal shear crack. Adiabatic shear bands ( Fig. 6 ) are a typical defect when heading alloys with low formability at high strain rates and low temperatures. More information on workability and testing is available in the article “Evaluation of Workability for Bulk Forming Processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... were very similar to those of quenched and tempered 4140. The hardness of all three materials tested was 40 HRC ( Fig. 10 ). Additional information on the effect of various elements on the metallurgy of steels is available in the article “Bulk Formability of Steels” in this Volume. Fig. 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... important forming processes that utilize the beneficial aspects of a negative mean stress on formability, such as extrusion, wire drawing, rolling, or forging. In such cases, the negative mean stress can be treated as a hydrostatic pressure that is imparted by details of the process ( Ref 1 , 2 ). More...