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building-block approach

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... point of a sealant. The important technical concepts that define the performance capabilities of the elastomeric part include polymer architecture (molecular building blocks), compounding (the ingredients within the polymer), and vulcanization of the elastomer shape. The article discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and other embedded metals, chlorides, carbonation, galvanic corrosion, chemical attack, alkali-aggregate reaction, abrasion, erosion, and cavitation as well as many other factors. The article addresses the durability of concrete by two approaches, namely, the prescriptive approach and the performance...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... summarizes several strategies for improving the traditional casting design process. It also proposes some possible approaches for implementing these strategies. The article presents a vision for the development of comprehensive casting design guidelines along with specific development objectives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... widely used processing approach in composite nondestructive testing applications ( Ref 20 , 21 ). It is particularly useful in situations where high sensitivity or automation is required, and it has been adapted to pulsed, step, and modulated excitation ( Ref 22 ). The method builds on the predictable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... techniques. It introduces some common techniques for discretizing the fluid-flow equations and methods for solving the discrete equations. These include finite-difference methods, finite-element methods, spectral methods, and computational particle methods. The article describes the approaches for grid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006462
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
.... Considerations well beyond the detail of this Volume are essential. Details of aviation and pressure vessel approaches from the U.S. perspective have been cited, but analogous approaches exist worldwide. Designers and maintainers of civil structures, such as dams, bridges and buildings, likewise employ NDE and...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... system through various partial solutions to the prepriming approach. The naturally pressurized filling system is characterized by the narrowness of its flow channels. The article discusses the six individual parts of the naturally pressurized filling system, namely, offset stepped pouring basin, sprue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on transport phenomena and modeling approaches that are specific to vapor-phase processes (VPP). It discusses the VPP for the synthesis of materials. The article reviews the basic notions of molecular collisions and gas flows, and presents transport equations. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion resistance of P/M stainless steels. The approaches used to improve the corrosion resistance of sintered stainless steels are discussed briefly. The article also presents a discussion on the manufacturing and corrosion characteristics of P/M superalloys. corrosion resistance powder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the experimental results, map approach, measurement, mechanism, and prevention of fretting wear. This review is followed by several examples of failures related to fretting wear. corrosion fretting wear mechanical components steel wear debris wear prevention FRETTING IS A WEAR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... contain damp core-fill insulation. Another approach is to strip the coating, ent the area, and pump dehumidified air into the space. This approach is successful for removing moisture from the outer shell of the block but again may not be completely effective in drying cavities containing damp insulation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... test frequency, the greater the attenuation of ultrasound. In any event, when the grain size approaches ASTM No. 1, the effect is significant regardless of alloy composition or test frequency. Other techniques are used besides the reference block technique and the percentage of back-reflection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.9781627082907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... required to develop and optimize new cast aluminum components and casting/heat treatment processes. The product creation process for cast aluminum blocks and heads has traditionally been a costly method of design, build, test, redesign, build, and retest. Manufacturing analysis is traditionally conducted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... applications. The flakelike resins had a T g slightly above room temperature and therefore remained solid in storage. For use in powder coating applications, the flakes were typically pulverized into fine particles. The powder coating resins were formulated with blocked polyisocyanates and used in bake...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... in three categories: building-block monomers, functional monomers, and nonacrylic co-monomers. Building-block monomers, along with certain nonacrylic co-monomers, make up the largest weight percentage of the acrylic polymers and are typically chosen based on how they impact key polymer properties...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The outcome was the issuance of Agenda 21, a nonbinding, voluntarily implemented action plan for sustainable development. The EPA developed an approach to reduce the level of VOCs available to form ground-level ozone while considering such factors as economic feasibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... operation is that any residual stresses already present due to fabrication are completely relieved. The origin of residual stresses during quenching can be illustrated qualitatively using the example of a rectilinear block immersed into cold water. Immediately after immersion, tensile plastic strains...
Book Chapter

By Peter J. Blau
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... reasonably similar features. Figure 1 shows an approach to wear classification; here, wear is classified by the type of relative motion. Note that galling, scratching, scoring, and damage from the impact of a foreign body are not strictly forms of wear because material is not necessarily removed (it may...