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bright annealing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005990
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... stainless steels, which involve soaking and annealing, achieving the austenite-ferrite balance, precipitation of intermetallics, and alpha prime precipitation. annealing austenitic stainless steel bright annealing duplex stainless steel heat treatment intermediate phase stress relieving...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... article discusses the procedures used for pickling nickel and nickel alloys. It discusses three different surface conditions for pickling these nickel alloys: bright annealed white surface requiring removal of tarnish by flash pickling; bright annealed oxidized surface requiring removal of a layer of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract This datasheet provides information on composition limits, fabrication characteristics, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties, and applications of bright-finishing alloys 5457, 5557, and 5657. A table lists approximate bend radii for 90 deg cold bending of alloy 5557...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... Abstract Alloy 6463 is a soft extrusion alloy that meets special needs in applications where a bright anodized finish is required. This datasheet provides information on key alloy metallurgy, processing effects on physical and mechanical properties, and fabrication characteristics of this 6xxx...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... Abstract Steels may be annealed to facilitate cold working or machining, to improve mechanical or electrical properties, or to promote dimensional stability. This article, using iron-carbon phase diagram, describes the types of annealing processes, namely, subcritical annealing, intercritical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract Cast nickel-base alloys are used extensively in corrosive-media and high-temperature applications. This article briefly reviews the common types of heat treatments of nickel alloy castings: homogenization, stress relieving, in-process annealing, full annealing, solution annealing...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... and after the treatment until the workpieces have cooled nearly to room temperature, to prevent the formation of an oxide film. Alloys containing stable-oxide formers such as aluminum and titanium, with or without boron, must be bright annealed in a vacuum or in a chemically inert gas, such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... annealing. The parts must be soaked in a 50% solution of sodium hydroxide at 130 °C (265 °F) for 1 or 2 min before acid pickling in a good bright dip. Technology has advanced to a level where parts sintered from metal powders are not as porous and can be easily electroplated. A sequence of operations for...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-annealed (1090 °C, or 1995 °F), resulting in partial recrystallization. The specimen was swab-etched using 15 mL of HCl, 10 mL of acetic acid, and 10 mL of nitric acid. Nomarski DIC reveals grain structure (both recrystallized and nonrecrystallized) and longitudinal segregation more clearly than bright...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... annealed material, copper alloys must be (a) pickled after each annealing treatment, (b) completely descaled, and (c) bright dipped to produce a natural surface color and luster suitable for other finishing treatments such as electroplating or painting. Scale dip and bright dip solutions are given in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-20Cr-33Ni-2.5Mo-3.5Cu and Nb + Ta), solution annealed. (a) Bright-field illumination. (b) Dark-field illumination. (c) Differential interference-contrast illumination. 15 mL HCl, 10 mL acetic acid, 10 mL HNO 3 , and 2 drops glycerol. 400× Fig. 20 Cu-8.9P sand cast alloy showing the α + Cu 3 P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on nickel alloying elements, and the heat treatment processes of various nickel alloys for applications requiring corrosion resistance and/or high-temperature strength. These processes are homogenization, annealing, solution annealing, solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005985
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... atmospheres contain hydrogen in the form of moisture, hydrocarbons, or elemental hydrogen as an atmosphere or a dissociation product. The use of pure hydrogen or dissociated ammonia for bright annealing in one plant was associated with cracking of wire coils of types 431 and 440C, although other plants have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... Abstract This article provides information on the Unified Numbering System designations and temper designations of copper and copper alloys. It discusses the basic types of heat treating processes of copper and copper alloys, namely, homogenizing, annealing, and stress relieving, and hardening...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses different heat treating techniques, including quenching, homogenizing, annealing, stress relieving, stress equalizing, quench hardening, strain hardening, tempering, solution heat treating, and precipitation heat treating (age hardening) for different grades of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... is not resolvable in bright-field optical micrographs but is easily detected under polarized light conditions. As the quench rate is reduced (or the quenching blank becomes more massive), some equilibrium α + δ is formed preferentially at prior-γ grain boundaries and along martensite lath interfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... tubes, for desalting plants B 552 … Seamless tube (a) B 75 SB75 B 75M (a) … Seamless, tube, brass (a) B 135 SB135 B 135M (a) Seamless tube, bright annealed (a) B 68 … B 68M (a) … Seamless tube, capillary, hard drawn B 360 … Seamless tube, condenser and heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... reversion, duplex annealing, and retrogression and re-aging are included. age hardening aging alloying aluminum alloys coherent precipitates precipitate-free zones semi-coherent precipitates ternary phase diagrams AGE HARDENING (or just aging) is the final step of the entire hardening or...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article describes the applications of induction heat treatment of metals, including normalizing, annealing, hardening, and tempering and stress relieving. It discusses the simulation techniques of the electromagnetic and thermal processes that occur during induction heat treating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005946
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... ground or otherwise brightened, twice as much time should be allowed in a still hot air oven. No extra allowance need be made for bright surfaces in a circulating oven or in an oil bath. (c) Oil baths are usually not used above 205 °C (400 °F). Proper tempering depends on the accurate...