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braided structures

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Book Chapter

By Frank K. Ko
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Braided structures are unique in their high level of conformability, torsional stability, and damage resistance. This article describes the classifications of braiding such as two-dimensional braiding and three-dimensional braiding. It presents the governing equations for computer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract Braiding is a textile process that is known for its simplicity and versatility. Braided structures are unique in their high level of conformability, torsional stability, and damage resistance. This article describes the braiding process and the mechanical properties of two-dimensional...
Image
Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 6 Net-shape structures produced by three-dimensional braiding More
Image
Published: 01 January 2001
Fig. 6 Structure of triaxial braid More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with predefined equations based on industry standards. In the Design and Manufacture of Low-Cost Composites for Engines (DMLCCE) Air Force program, General Electric Aircraft Engines (GEAE) used Cost Advantage as a framework to develop custom process cost models for filament winding and braiding of engine...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., shown in Fig. 20 . Both ducts are approximately 15% lighter than the current titanium duct. Structural and engine testing is ongoing for planned production in 2002. Results of this program can be found in Ref 27 . Fig. 18 DMLCC,E subscale ducts. (a) Carbon-PMR braided duct. (b) Carbon-PMR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... early example of modern composite structure in recreational equipment. Construction proceeded over a wooden mold that was rabbeted to accept internal framing. Two kinds of paper were used: that made from Manila and that prepared from pure unbleached linen stock. Several sheets were laid on the mold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract Designing composites for structural performance initially involves meeting a set of desired performance specifications at a minimum cost. This article discusses the factors that are considered in designing the manufacturing of polymeric composites. It describes the various aspects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with gloves, due to “fish-hooked” braid wires, or wires from the braid that had broken due to manipulation and dragging on concrete during hose use. On-Site Examination The hoses used for chemical transport were suspended from a structure in a manner similar to hoses at common gas stations. When...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... the microstructure of the component. The type of reinforcement—continuous fiber, short fiber, whiskers, chopped roving, woven or braided fabrics, or preforms—and its orientation greatly affect the performance of the component. Indeed, the ability to tailor a component increases its range of functionality as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of composite structures, the homogenization of materials properties occurs at two levels, one based on micromechanics and the other based on macromechanics. A structure created from different composite raw-material forms, such as unidirectional lamina, roving, braids, woven fabrics, sandwich, or chopped random...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... as components that are joined with other components and assembled into a structure, and/or as ways of arranging and controlling the fiber architecture. Examples include sandwich core materials, fabrics and preforms, fiber mats, and braids. While the coverage is not comprehensive, the articles offer the engineer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... structural thermoplastic composites. The term “structural” is used to refer to the ability to support substantial mechanical loads, meaning that structural composites are reinforced with continuous or at least relatively long fibers, thus deliberately excluding, for example, injection molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and their suppliers make further inroads toward fully structural composite bodies some convergence is likely. Whichever route is followed, a wide range of reinforcements styles can be incorporated, including the relatively narrow range of fabrics used in prepregging, as well as less conventional braids, three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... in the form of continuous-length multifilament tows or rovings, which are typically coated with a thin polymer-based sizing and then supplied to customers on spools. These sized tows are flexible and easily handled so that they can be woven or braided into fabrics, tapes, sleeves, and other complex shapes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... of a nonconforming condition. The quality of the composite material was based on validating the physical and mechanical properties of that structure after cure. A greater focus now is being placed on understanding the critical resin impregnation process during the fabrication stage. This effort supports the concept...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., and the wire could also be braided and woven, making it useful for both monofilament and multifilament sutures. Due to its biocompatibility, tantalum wire was found to be very useful in the repair of nerves and other delicate structures ( Ref 11 , 12 ). The wire could also be formed into a mesh, where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... stitched woven and braided composite fibers. The entire structure for the body and chassis consists of six separate sections and are assembled at a cost that may be comparable to those for high-volume manufacturing of traditional automotive structures. Fig. 10 Solectria Sunrise composite electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... product team to specify any necessary coatings, optimal structural cross sections, a maintenance schedule, and inspection criteria that will anticipate possible problems. However, in the actual application of composites to primary and secondary structures—a trade-off among weight, cost, size...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... are used not only for their structural properties, but also for electrical, thermal, tribological, and environmental applications. Modern composite materials are usually optimized to achieve a particular balance of properties for a given range of applications. Given the vast range of materials that may...