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box-forming dies

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... are electromechanically or hydraulically controlled by a preprogrammed processor. Radial forge machines are manufactured in a wide variety of sizes. Speed is different for different machines. Two hydraulically controlled manipulators, one in each side of the hammer box, rotate and position the...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... die holder are possible. If water is applied to the wire at all, it must be totally removed before the wire enters the next die. The lubricant is usually a dry soap powder, placed in a die box and picked up by the wire surface upon its passage through the box. This technique is used for steel wire...
Book Chapter

By H.W. Sizek
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003984
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... with the input and output bar sizes that can be produced. Fig. 2 Four-hammer radial forging machine with mechanical drive. (a) Cross section through forging box. (b) Longitudinal section through forging box. 1, eccentric shaft; 2, sliding block; 3, connecting rod; 4, adjustment housing; 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... rolling, and knurling. Cold-heading machines vary in terms of the number of dies/stations, forging load, blank or wire size, blank cut-off length, speed, transfer mechanism, and special finishing capabilities, such as thread forming and knurling. Figure 8 shows a typical layout inside a six-die cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... by a gripper attached to a powered cylindrical block or capstan. On so-called dry machines, the die is mounted in an adapter within a box. This die box contains grease, dry soap, oil, or other lubricants through which the stock must pass before reaching the die. Bars about 32 mm (1.25 in...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
...) process sequence: primary materials processing, hot forging and cold forming, and product assembly. The article discusses the material fracture and dies stress analysis and presents the optimization techniques used in 2-D and 3-D preform die design. bulk forming cold forming finite element method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... satisfactorily if the work metal to be trimmed has a tensile strength of not more than 690 MPa (100 ksi) or a hardness of not more than 207 HB. Cooling in still air or in factory tote boxes is common practice and is usually satisfactory for carbon steel or low-alloy steel forgings when cross sections are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
..., the blade edges are hard faced. A trimmer plate box, or shoe, serves as a holder for the plate, and may be provided with set screws, or equivalent means, for adjustment of position on the working platform of the press. Fig. 13 Basic components of tooling for a flash-trimming press: punch, blade...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... variety of die materials for press forming operations. Table 3 Tool materials commonly used for press forming dies Material Nominal composition Tool steels W1 Fe-1.0C S1 Fe-0.50C-1.5Cr-2.5W O1 Fe-0.9C-1Mn-0.5Cr-0.5Mo A2 Fe-1C-5Cr-1Mo A4 Fe-1C-2Mn-1Cr-1Mo D2 Fe...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... a sectional pattern or core box that is a wedge-shaped segment of the hub, spokes, rim, and teeth. The complete gear mold is assembled from successively made wedge segments. Cores are primarily used to form internal passageways or cavities in castings. Cores can also be used to form sections of...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... categories: no-bake, cold box, protein, hot/warm box, and shell (Croning). In these processes, sand and binder are mixed together and formed around a pattern or placed in a core box. The resin may be cured by heat, or it may be cured by the setting of the resin. To accelerate the curing of the resin...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... for deep drawing aluminum alloys are usually commercial products based on the compositions listed in Table 1 . Practical limits for single-operation deep drawing of cylindrical cups and rectangular boxes have been expressed in terms of dimensional ratios as shown in Fig. 1 . (Reverse redrawing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0009018
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... castings were to be produced, it would be feasible to prevent core sag by filling the cavities formed by the ring and plug with bedding sand. For production quantities, however, a core drier, Fig. 15(d) , is required. The core drier provides for greater stability when the core is removed from the box. An...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... were shrink-wrapped in plastic and placed randomly (usually in front of prior stock) into a storeroom. The plastic wraps created “sweat-box,” that is, high humidity, conditions that worsened the corrosion attack on the steel. The as-forged oxidized stainless steel would not passivate, so corrosion was...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... The machine upright houses the upper die ram, the hydraulic manifolds, hydraulic lines, solenoids and valves, and the electrical panel control box. A control screen listing the various features that may be adjusted during the course of a quenching cycle is depicted in Fig. 3 . A schematic of the base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... require suitable equipment to thermally treat the workpieces. In nearly all cases, this is accomplished by a variety of furnaces or ovens. A forging furnace traditionally used in press shops is referred to as a batch furnace. This furnace is essentially a box furnace with a door designed for easy access...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... discussed. The article describes the methods of sand bonding with inorganic compounds. It provides a description of resin-bonded sand systems, namely, no-bake binder systems, heat-cured binder systems, and cold box binder systems. The article concludes with a discussion on the media used for expendable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... ratio of the volume of a forging relative to the volume of a simple enclosing envelope. The enclosing envelope is described by the three major dimensions or by a diameter and a single dimension in the case of a round axisymmetric forging. Thus the enclosing envelope will be either a rectangular box or a...