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body centered-cubic sheets

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... homogeneous effective medium (HEM). The article analyzes the anisotropy predictions of rolled face-centered-cubic and body centered-cubic sheets and presents simulations of the axial deformation of hexagonal-close-packed zirconium. The applications of polycrystal constitutive models to the simulation of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract A15 refers to a cubic crystal type in the Strukturbericht System represented by the example Cr3Si. The intermetallic A3B compound is formed by a body-centered cubic (bcc) arrangement of B atoms with two A atoms centered in every face yielding orthogonal chain structures running through...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Physically, tantalum is a dark, blue-gray, lusterless metal that exists in two crystalline forms: an alpha-phase with a body-centered cubic structure, and a brittle beta-phase with a tetragonal orientation. This article tabulates the physical and material properties of tantalum. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Alamos National Laboratory ) 12. Kocks U.F. , Tome C.N. , and Wenk H.-R. , Texture and Anisotropy , Cambridge University Press , 1998 13. Piehler H.R. and Backofen W.A. , A Theoretical Examination of the Plastic Properties of Body-Centered Cubic Crystals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., diffusionless (martensitic) phase transformation as occurs with face-centered cubic to hexagonal close-packed transformation in cobalt-chromium alloys, stacking faults and twins and their role in this transformation. It also includes strengthening mechanisms that are responsible for the mechanical properties of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005966
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... has a face-centered cubic (fcc) crystal structure, which provides an interstitial path for the migration of the relatively small carbon atoms. A somewhat similar path is provided by ferritic iron, with its body-centered cubic (bcc) crystal structure. In fact, the diffusivity of carbon in ferrite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... predominantly austenitic, they often contain small amounts of body-centered cubic (bcc) ferrite, particularly in the weld metal. This ferrite is often described as “delta” ferrite, because it forms at elevated temperatures and is distinguished from “alpha” ferrite, which is the low-temperature form in iron-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Eng. , Vol 390 , 2005 , p 334 – 343 10.1016/j.msea.2004.08.029 31. Hershey A.V. , The Plasticity of an Isotropic Aggregate of Anisotropic Face Centered Cubic Crystals , J. Appl. Mech. , Vol 21 , 1954 , p 241 – 249 32. Hosford W.F. , A Generalized Isotropic Yield...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... principal values of two linearly transformed stress deviators (see below). Recommended values for the exponent a are 6 and 8 for body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic metals, respectively. Yield condition σ ¯ = { φ 2 } 1 / a = h ( ε ¯ ) Work...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Simulation of Sheet Metal Forming of Large Car Body Components , Int. VDI Conf. , 1991 , p 587 – 600 • Haug E. , Lefebvre D. , and Taupin L. , “Industrial Applications of Computer Simulation in Stamping,” Calculs en Emboutissage, Publication , CETIM 1994, France, 1994...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... characteristics °C °F Eta (η) Zinc 0.03 419 787 Hexagonal 70–72 Soft, ductile Zeta (ζ) FeZn 13 5.7–6.3 530 986 Monoclinic 175–185 Hard, brittle Delta (δ) FeZn 7 7.0–11.0 530–670 986–1238 Hexagonal 240–300 Ductile Gamma (Γ) Fe 3 Zn 10 20.0–27.0 670–780 1238–1436 Cubic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... simple forming operations. It focuses on metal stamping simulation based on the finite-element methods or model (FEM) with emphasis on software tools using the three-dimensional FEM technology. The article discusses two aspects of particular importance in finite-element analysis of sheet forming and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... ′ ′ , S ˜ 2 ′ ′ ) are the principal values of two linearly transformed stress deviators (see below). Recommended values for the exponent a are 6 and 8 for body-centered cubic and face-centered cubic metals, respectively. Yield condition σ ¯ = { ϕ 2 } 1 / a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... article provides a discussion on the mechanism of corrosion resistance and on the behavior of tantalum in different corrosive environments, namely, acids; salts; organic compounds; reagents, foods, and pharmaceuticals; body fluids and tissues; and gases. It contains several tables that summarize the...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Titanium alloys undergo a transition in crystal structure on heating. The transition temperature (to the high-temperature, body-centered cubic phase, β) is called the β transus. Processing in various methods in the vicinity of the β transus can refine the microstructure. By appropriate processing, it is...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... transform the stresses or determine σ 1 , σ 2 , σ 3 , and maximum shear stresses for a general 3D system of stresses. However, once σ 1 , σ 2 , and σ 3 are known from the solution of the cubic equation ( Eq 21 ), it is possible to draw three circles ( Fig. 6 ) having centers, C , at (Eq 24) C 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... attribute is related to their response to mechanical stress. It is believed that their low stacking fault energies, and their tendencies to transform (from face-centered cubic to hexagonal close-packed) and to twin, limit the depths affected and allow easy shear of surface layers. Pigmented oils and...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... (a) 6.95 to 7.35 g/cm 3 (0.251 to 0.265 lb/in. 3 ). (b) 7.20 to 7.34 g/cm 3 (0.260 to 0.265 lb/in. 3 ). (c) Face-centered cubic. (d) Hexagonal. (e) Body-centered cubic. (f) Close-packed hexagonal. (g) Rhombohedral Table 2 Linear thermal expansion of metals and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... austenite with a face-centered cubic structure exhibits much higher carbon solubility than martensite with a body-centered cubic structure. Finally, the stable carbon-enriched austenite is retained when the steel is cooled to room temperature. After this unique heat treatment, the final microstructure...