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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... and exit temperature, and their effect on product quality. The article also provides information on extrusion presses, press dies, and tooling, and addresses quality issues such as surface defects, blistering, and internal cracking. It concludes with a discussion on the drawing of solid section...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discusses the types of imperfections that can be traced to the original ingot product. These include chemical segregation; ingot pipe, porosity, and centerline shrinkage; high hydrogen content; nonmetallic inclusions; unmelted electrodes and shelf; and cracks, laminations, seams, pits, blisters, and scabs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the classification of hydrogen damage. Some specific types of the damage are hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen, hydrogen attack, and cracking from hydride formation. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Soluble salts on a surface can affect a steel substrate or coating in two principal ways: corrosion acceleration and osmotic blistering. This article provides a detailed discussion on the mechanisms for each of these deleterious effects. It describes the most detrimental anions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., nickel-rich austenitic stainless steels, nickel and nickel-base alloys, copper alloys, precious metals, and non-metals. The article also discusses the hydrogen blistering and stress-corrosion cracking of carbon steels in high-temperature HF and AHF. References References 1. “Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... microscope with at least 30× magnification is useful to check for pinholes, cracking, and other imperfections that could compromise the integrity of a coating and lead to premature failure. The microscope should be equipped with its own light source. If the coating failure involves blistering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... themselves at various times in the life of a coating. Prior to application, they can take the form of settlement and skinning, during application as runs and sags, shortly after application as solvent popping and orange peel, and during service as blistering and rust spotting. To determine the cause...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... (with blistered coating) on left; smooth-faced on right Fig. 3 Split-faced block Masonry is used on many types of commercial buildings, such as office buildings, retail buildings, warehouses, municipal buildings, and learning institutions. Not only does the construction of the building affect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... International 104. Warlow W.J. , Osmosis as a Cause of Blistering of In-Situ Resin Flooring on Wet Concrete , Mag. Concr. Res. , Vol 30 ( No. 104 ), Sept 1978 , p 152 – 156 10.1680/macr.1978.30.104.152 105. Gunter M. and Hildorf H. , Stresses due to Chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Degree of Blistering of Paints,” ASTM D714-02(2009), ASTM , 2009 11. Elf Atochem North America, Inc. , KYNAR Chemical Resistance Chart, CHEM CHART TR-15M, Aug 1994 12. “Environmental Test Methods,” MIL-STD-810B, Method 508, June 15 , 1967 13. “Standard Test Method for Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... cycle for a composite structure Fig. 2 Blistering. (a) Blistering of a gel coat. (b) Blistering beneath a gel coat Fig. 3 Configuration of a composite patch repair Fig. 9 Schematic of the stages in the step repair of a single-skin composite Fig. 10 Mechanical...
Book Chapter

By Bruce Craig
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-centered cubic; B2 and DO 3 , body-centered cubic forms. Source: Ref 39 Classifications of processes of hydrogen degradation of metals Table 1 Classifications of processes of hydrogen degradation of metals     Hydrogen embrittlement Hydrogen attack Blistering Shatter cracks, flakes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compounds. Specific types of hydrogen damage, some of which occur only in specific alloys under specific conditions ( Table 1 ), are classified in this article as: Hydrogen embrittlement Hydrogen-induced blistering Cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen Hydrogen attack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... 0.72–1.00 0 = failed 0.39 Source: Ref 31 Fig. 10 Relation between Neubauer damage rating ( Table 7 ) and consumed life fraction. Source: Ref 30 , 31 Fig. 9 Schematic of stress-oriented hydrogen-induced cracking. Source: Ref 23 Fig. 8 Hydrogen blistering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... of blistering (in accordance with ASTM D714) after 4000 h of ASTM B117 salt fog exposure are: Coating systems employing an inorganic zinc-rich primer: No. 8 medium Coating systems employing an organic zinc-rich primer: No. 6 medium The accepted maximum size and frequency of blistering...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) in a casting may also lead to the formation of “blisters” on casting surfaces after heat treatment (see Fig. 10 ). Fig. 9 Typical micrograph of gas porosity. Original magnification: 100× Fig. 10 Close-up view (stereomicroscope) of fracture through blisters (arrows) in a heat treated aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Service , Corrosion , Vol 25 ( No. 4 ), April 1969 , p 157 – 167 21. Osmosis in Resins and Laminates , Chapter 3, Developments in Reinforced Plastics , Elsevier Applied Science Publisher , 1984 22. Bergman G. , Blistering in Process Equipment of Glass-Fiber Reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... from blistering. Coatings are more susceptible to dirt pickup. Proper temperature and humidity control are vital. If the humidity is too high or the temperature too low, coating can sag or run off the workpiece. Electrophoretic paints are special water-reducible paints. Resin and pigment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5