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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... industry. abrasion resistance blistering cathodic protection pipeline coatings polyurethanes thermal resistance THIS ARTICLE DESCRIBES the coating materials, surface-preparation requirements, and application techniques used to protect underground pipelines. It provides valuable insight into...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discusses the types of imperfections that can be traced to the original ingot product. These include chemical segregation; ingot pipe, porosity, and centerline shrinkage; high hydrogen content; nonmetallic inclusions; unmelted electrodes and shelf; and cracks, laminations, seams, pits, blisters, and scabs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the classification of hydrogen damage. Some specific types of the damage are hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen, hydrogen attack, and cracking from hydride formation. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Abstract Soluble salts on a surface can affect a steel substrate or coating in two principal ways: corrosion acceleration and osmotic blistering. This article provides a detailed discussion on the mechanisms for each of these deleterious effects. It describes the most detrimental anions with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... alloys, precious metals, and non-metals. The article also discusses the hydrogen blistering and stress-corrosion cracking of carbon steels in high-temperature HF and AHF. low-alloy steel carbon steel austenitic stainless steel nickel-rich austenitic stainless steel copper alloys corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... alloys, and aluminum-matrix composites. It reviews common aluminum extrusion defects, including surface defects, blisters, and internal cracking. The article concludes with a discussion on the drawing of solid section and aluminum tube. aluminum alloys aluminum-matrix composites drawing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... at various times in the life of a coating. Prior to application, they can take the form of settlement and skinning, during application as runs and sags, shortly after application as solvent popping and orange peel, and during service as blistering and rust spotting. To determine the cause and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Slabs,” E1745, ASTM International 104. Warlow W.J. , Osmosis as a Cause of Blistering of In-Situ Resin Flooring on Wet Concrete , Mag. Concr. Res. , Vol 30 ( No. 104 ), Sept 1978 , p 152 – 156 10.1680/macr.1978.30.104.152 105. Gunter M. and Hildorf H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... Degree of Blistering of Paints,” ASTM D714-02(2009), ASTM , 2009 11. Elf Atochem North America, Inc. , KYNAR Chemical Resistance Chart, CHEM CHART TR-15M, Aug 1994 12. “Environmental Test Methods,” MIL-STD-810B, Method 508, June 15 , 1967 13. “Standard Test Method for Water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... (with blistered coating) on left; smooth-faced on right Fig. 3 Split-faced block Masonry is used on many types of commercial buildings, such as office buildings, retail buildings, warehouses, municipal buildings, and learning institutions. Not only does the construction of the building...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... source. If the coating failure involves blistering of a coating in immersion service or on a concrete substrate, specialized equipment is required to sample the blister liquid. Generally, blister liquid is removed using a syringe, and the liquid is stored in septum vials. The septum vials can also be...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...) in a casting may also lead to the formation of “blisters” on casting surfaces after heat treatment (see Fig. 10 ). Fig. 9 Typical micrograph of gas porosity. Original magnification: 100× Fig. 10 Close-up view (stereomicroscope) of fracture through blisters (arrows) in a heat treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Glass Reinforced Plastic Repair Manual,” Defence Instruction (Navy) ABR 5803, Royal Australian Navy , July 1992 12. Whitfield L. et al. , Repairs to Blisters in Glass Fibre Hulls , The British Plastics Federation , 1979 13. Greene E. , “Marine Composites: Investigation...
Book Chapter

By Bruce Craig
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
..., blistering, hydride formation, and loss in tensile ductility. For many years, these failures have been collectively termed hydrogen embrittlement; this term persists even though it is improperly used to describe a multitude of failure modes involving hydrogen, several of which do not demonstrate the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... intermetallic hydride compounds. Specific types of hydrogen damage, some of which occur only in specific alloys under specific conditions ( Table 1 ), are classified in this article as: Hydrogen embrittlement Hydrogen-induced blistering Cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and Laminates , Chapter 3, Developments in Reinforced Plastics , Elsevier Applied Science Publisher , 1984 22. Bergman G. , Blistering in Process Equipment of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP)—Damage Mechanisms and Influencing Factors Concluded from an Instructive Case, Proc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... die surface) Smaller dendrite arm spacing and a fibrous eutectic silicon morphology resulting from the rapid solidification rate Heat treatable. Unlike conventional (high-pressure, high-velocity) die castings, squeeze castings can be subjected to solution treatment with minimal or no blistering...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... out air pockets and to press the sheet into the adhesive. Cure, or vulcanize, the rubber lining by steam in an autoclave, exhaust steam, or by chemical application to the rubber surface. Inspect visually for bubbles or blisters and for pinholes, using a high-voltage holiday (spark) detector...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
...–100 °C (150–212 °F), then age at 170 °C (340 °F) for 4 h. If blistering is an issue, solution treat at lower temperature and shorten solution time to 1–2 h. Table 2 Alloy 362.0 typical mechanical properties of die cast test bars Property 362.0-F, as cast A360.0-T6, aged 6 h at 160 °C...