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bleach plant equipment

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... for elemental chlorine-free and nonchlorine bleaching stages, selection of material for bleaching equipment, developments in oxygen bleaching, and the use of highly corrosion-resistant materials for bleach plant equipment. The article reviews the materials used in the construction of paper machine components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and paper mill atmospheric conditions. The important requirements and standards for surface preparation are emphasized and common issues encountered in maintenance coating projects are described. bleach plant equipment coating pulp and paper pulping quality control steel surface preparation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... Sulfuric Acid Plant The most common problem area in emissions control equipment in a sulfuric acid plant is where acid mist is collected by fiber bed mist eliminators. Such units employ a glass mat held inside of a vessel operating at low velocities to remove submicron mists. Fiber bed unit shells...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosion-resistant liner and an epoxy resin structural wall. The glass types used in the fabrication of FRP equipment are coated with a sizing material that enables resins to thoroughly wet out the individual glass fibers. Mallinson's book, Corrosion-Resistant Plastic Composites in Chemical Plant Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... plant, equipment failure can lead to a leak, which can result in loss of product, a hazard potential, and possible shutdown of the plant. It is important for the monitoring apparatus to be designed to minimize the possibility of such an incident and to have a plan in place to safely deal with any leak...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Nondestructive testing and inspection techniques are being improved and used more often to improve the reliability and safety of chemical and refinery plants. Early meaningful detection of deterioration can provide the basis for repairs or changes in operating conditions that may extend equipment life. However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... to ensure the safe operation of the plant or equipment. The examples used are not exhaustive; they are presented to highlight the necessity to fully examine materials, conditions, and specific circumstances that together can so easily reduce the anticipated service life of a component or plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... tools Flexible tube connections, protective tubing, instrumentation and control equipment Pulp and paper Bleaching towers, pumps, piping and tubing Food processing Tanks (dairies, beverage industry), heat exchangers, components for packaging machinery Construction Facing and roofing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... equipment can be transferred to plant operations in tantalum equipment with complete assurance that the equipment will be free from corrosion, that the product will not become contaminated, and that undesired side reactions will not occur. Effects of acids on tantalum Table 2 Effects of acids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... for oxidation resistance is preferred at this temperature and above for key equipment components such as those used in gas turbines ( Ref 8 ). However, for temperatures between 600 and 750 °C (1110 and 1380 °F), where acid fluxing can occur, chromia-forming coatings are preferred ( Ref 9 ). A broad family...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... molybdenum to minimize σ- phase formation, and filler metals for more highly alloyed materials such as 904L (Fe-22Cr- 26Ni-4.5Mo) are balanced to avoid δ-ferrite precipitation and thus minimize σ-phase. Highly oxidizing environments such as those found in bleach plants could conceivably attack δ-ferrite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... susceptibility was identified for 24 of the 26 alloys tested. However, the crevices found in bleach plant equipment may be less severe than those on the test specimens. This is supported by the observation that some materials that exhibited less than 0.4 to 0.46 mm (15 to 18 mils) of crevice penetration in a 3...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... alloys Zirconium Getter material in tubes in the electronics industry; fuel claddings, fasteners, and fixtures for nuclear reactors Titanium Components for bleaching equipment and desalination plants in the chemical industry; superconductive wires; turbine engine disks, blades and housings, rain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., phosphating, rinsing after phosphating, and chromic acid rinsing. The article describes the techniques for controlling the chemical composition of various phosphating solutions. It discusses the equipment and factors that influence equipment requirements in immersion and spray systems. The article also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... companies, may apply to certain types of equipment. Proprietary Designations In addition to the standard grades, there are well over 100 special grades that represent modifications, extensions, or refinements of the basic grades. In the early 1970s, the introduction of new stainless steel refining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
..., which provides a hard and dense film. Amines tend to discolor significantly when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light and are regularly topcoated in atmospheric applications. Typically, amines are used in heavy industrial environments such as refineries, power plants, offshore rigs, fuel tanks, cargo tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Kroll's technical direction. Dr. Kroll had already developed a production process for titanium by the reduction of titanium tetrachloride with magnesium in an inert atmosphere. A similar process for zirconium was developed by 1947 at a pilot plant with a weekly capacity of 27 kg (60 lb) of zirconium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... vapor environment in a chemical plant. Sample was etched in HCl and oxalic acid. (a) 75×. (b) 375× Aside from the possibility of grain growth, few other metallurgical HAZ problems have been reported for these alloys. HAZ hot cracking, especially of the type created by constitutional liquation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... unmachinable. Their considerable use stems from their outstanding resistance to acids such as those mentioned previously. They are widely used for drain pipe in chemical plants, laboratories, hospitals, and schools. High-silicon iron towers, tubes, and fittings are standard equipment for concentrating sulfuric...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... except hydrofluoric 175–230 350–450 1–2 Concentrated sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and hydrochloric acid Home laundry equipment To 71 To 160 11 Water, detergents, bleach Range exteriors 21–66 70–150 2–10 Food acids, cleaners Range oven liners, conventional 66–315 150–600 2–10...