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blanket cylinders

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... coating for printing equipment such as engraver rolls, plate and blanket cylinders, corona rolls, and draw rolls. References 1. Döring J.-E. , Hoebener F. , and Langer G. , Review of Applications of Thermal Spraying in the Printing Industry in Respect to OEMs , International...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... Srinivasan V. , Moon K.-M. , Greif D. , Wang D.M. , and Kim M.-H. , Numerical Simulation of Immersion Quenching Process of an Engine Cylinder Head , Appl. Math. Model. , Vol 34 ( No. 8 ), 2010 , p 2111 – 2128 10.1016/j.apm.2009.10.023 35. Totten G. , Bates C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... transfer is best achieved with a PAG solution of sufficiently high concentration. This provides a thicker film on the workpiece surface, thus extending the vapor-blanket stage of cooling, resulting in delayed quenching. Other important variables that must be properly controlled are bath temperature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... comes in contact with the liquid quenchant, there are normally three stages of quenching: Vapor stage (stage A or vapor blanket stage) Boiling stage (stage B or nucleate boiling stage) Convection stage (stage C) An example showing the three stages of quenching is shown in Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... and Lübben T. , The Influence of Surface Temperature on Rewetting Behavior during Immersion Quenching of Hollow and Solid Cylinders , J. ASTM Int ., Vol 6 ( No. 1 ), 2009 50. Lübben T. and Frerichs F. , Quenching of Bearing Races—Influence of Rewetting Behavior on Distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... 2). The model consists of a one-dimensional linear differential heat-conduction equation with a nonlinear boundary condition for a nucleate boiling process ( Ref 5 ). An analytical solution of the aforementioned mathematical model for an infinite plate, infinite cylinder, and sphere is presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... potentially sufficient to increase distortion. Fig. 1 Quench of a 25 mm diameter × 100 mm (1.0 in. diameter × 4 in.) cylinder of a CrNi steel into water at 30 °C (85 °F) with an agitation rate of 0.3 m/s (1 ft/s). Courtesy of H.M. Tensi, Technical University of Munich The most useful way...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... (SAW) is an arc welding process in which the arc is concealed beneath and shielded by a blanket of granular fusible material called flux that is placed over the joint area ahead of the arc. Filler metal is obtained primarily from an electrode wire that is continuously fed through the blanket of flux...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... combustion process, then an adiabatic expansion as a power stroke and an isovolumetric exhaust. A diesel engine designates a reciprocating engine where air is compressed within a cylinder to the extent that spontaneous ignition of fuel occurs, followed by burning a measured amount of oil-grade fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005862
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and quenching medium. Fig. 1 Stages of heat transfer during quenching. Stage A' is a relatively short (about 0.1 s), unimportant stage where bubbles initiate prior to the formation of a vapor blanket around the surface of the hot part in the liquid quenchant. Other stages for cooling conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
.... 7 . The former cools much faster than the latter. Fig. 7 Temperature gradient at the surface in the very beginning of cooling for cylinders that are (a) 20 mm (0.8 in.) in diameter by 80 mm (3.2 in.) and (b) 80 mm (3.2 in.) in diameter by 320 mm (12.6 in.) When quenching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., various insulations can be used, such as alumina-silica-zirconia refractory fiber blanket/paper/cloth or cast/extruded ceramic pieces. For the susceptor shown in Fig. 3 , a ceramic cylinder is used as the insulator for the upper cylinder. This ceramic backer also acts to support the platinum susceptor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... using a cylindrical silver probe ( Fig. 1 ). During molten sodium quenching there is no vapor blanket stage, therefore rapid cooling starts immediately after the immersion of the probe regardless of sodium bath temperature. In contrast, the cooling rate in the lower-temperature region largely depends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...: workpiece power estimation; estimation of electrical and thermal efficiency of the coil; and frequency selection for heating solid cylinders, tubes, pipes, slabs, plates, strips, and rectangular workpieces. References 1. Rudnev V. , Fett G. , Griebel A. , and Tartaglia J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) anodically discharged gas, usually oxygen. Both types of films exist simultaneously in most commercial electropolishing solutions. The gas appears to be a blanket on the outside of the viscous film. Which type of film predominates depends on (a) the kind of metal, (b) the nature of the electrolyte, and (c...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... types of films exist simultaneously in most commercial electropolishing solutions. The gas appears to be a blanket on the outside of the viscous film. Which type of film predominates depends on (a) the kind of metal, (b) the nature of the electrolyte, and (c) the surface condition prior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... shielding gases that are used in PAC systems are inert, and they are usually supplied from high-pressure cylinders, bulk tanks, or air compressors. Pressure regulators are adjusted to provide from 140 to 560 kPa (20 to 80 psi) of gas, depending on system requirements. If water is used in place...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
.... The gas(es) may be supplied from a cylinder(s) or liquid container(s). An illustration of a complete GTAW arrangement is shown in Fig. 4 . Fig. 4 Gas tungsten arc welding process schematic Gas tungsten arc welding may readily be automated for automatic, machine, or robotic welding ( Fig. 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...) Fig. 6 Schematic of a typical installation for high-volume batch quenching of carburized or hardened parts on trays. Directional vanes in the oil stream distribute the oil flow uniformly. Unit contains combined heating and cooling elements and provision for blanketing the surface of the oil...