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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... Abstract This article is a compilation of binary alloy phase diagrams for which bismuth (Bi) is the first named element in the binary pair. The diagrams are presented with element compositions in weight percent. The atomic percent compositions are given in a secondary scale. For each binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Abstract This article focuses on the use of indium and bismuth in low-melting-temperature solders and fusible alloys. It describes how the two elements typically occur in nature and how they are recovered and processed for commercial use. It also provides information on designations...
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 29 Surfaces of a eutectic bismuth-silver alloy (a) abraded on 600-grade silicon carbide paper and (b) polished on 3 and 0.05 μm (0.12 and 0.002 mil) aluminum oxide abrasives. Original magnification: 2200× More
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Published: 01 January 1989
Fig. 35 Effect of lead and bismuth content on torque (a) and thrust force (b) More
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Published: 31 August 2017
Fig. 12 Effect of bismuth inoculation. Source: Ref 29 More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 3 Effect of bismuth on the reaction of nitrogen with Fe-C SAT -Bi alloys at 1450 °C (2640 °F) More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 12 As-cast pure orthorhombic bismuth in the as-polished condition viewed using polarized light shows mechanical twins. Magnification: 50× More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 22 Grain-boundary displacement in a bismuth bicrystal (from position A to position B) after annealing for 180 s at 252 °C in a magnetic field of 20.45 T. Source: Ref 54 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... bismuth, and molten sodium. It also contains tables that list the physical properties of lead, bismuth, sodium, and molten sodium. molten bismuth molten lead molten sodium physical properties quenchants quenching OIL, WATER, AND POLYMER solution baths are frequently used when quenching...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of silicon eutectic is described to explain effects ancillary to silicon modification. The article also examines the effects of elements, such as phosphorus, antimony, bismuth, magnesium, boron, and calcium, on the silicon structure. aluminum silicon alloys aluminum alloys antimony bismuth boron...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., nickel, beryllium, chromium, and iron. The article discusses minor alloying additions, including antimony, bismuth, selenium, manganese, and phosphorus. Copper alloys can be cast by many processes, including sand casting, permanent mold casting, precision casting, high-pressure die casting, and low...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
..., austenitic, duplex, and precipitation-hardenable alloys. The article examines the role of additives, such as sulfur, selenium, tellurium, lead, bismuth, and certain oxides, in improving machining performance. It provides ways to minimize difficulties involved in the traditional machining of stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... element in the binary pair. Additional binary systems that include rubidium are provided in the following locations in this Volume: “Au-Rb (Gold - Rubidium)” in the article “Au (Gold) Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams .” “Bi-Rb (Bismuth - Rubidium)” in the article “Bi (Bismuth) Binary Alloy Phase...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article reviews the melt processing and casting of non-ferrous alloys, such as nickel alloys, titanium alloys, and lead alloys. It describes the lead refining steps, namely, copper drossing, softening, desilvering, zinc removal, bismuth removal, and final refining. casting...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 30 Grains and deformation twins revealed by polarized light on an as-polished section of cast bismuth. 50× More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 27 Measured grain-boundary migration rate versus driving force of a flat boundary in a bicrystal of bismuth exposed to a magnetic field. Source: Ref 78 More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 11 Effect of fire refining and use of Na 2 CO 3 flux on removal of arsenic, bismuth, and antimony impurities from copper. Source: Ref 6 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 39 Temperature dependence of mobility of 90°<112> symmetrical (•) and asymmetrical (▲, ■) boundaries in bismuth bicrystals. Trigonal axis in the growing grain parallel (▲) or perpendicular (■) to the growth direction. Source: Ref 78 More
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Published: 01 January 1986
Fig. 1 LEISS spectra obtained from a ZnO sample using a 2-keV 3 He ion beam. Note the low background under the bismuth and zinc peaks and the moderate background under the oxygen peak. More
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Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 13 Microstructure of Cd-20%Bi in the as-cast condition, unetched, viewed using polarized light (slightly off the crossed position) plus sensitive tint, revealing cadmium dendrites of various orientations. The interdendritic constituent is a eutectic of cadmium and bismuth, but it is too More