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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the fundamentals of tribology. It describes the advantages, disadvantages, and applications of pin-on-disk method, which is the most commonly used configuration for testing biomaterials and for the reproducible measurement of friction and wear. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... and Ethridge E.C. , Biomaterials: An Interfacial Approach , Academic Press , New York , 1982 67. Venugoplan R. and Ideker R. , Bioelectrodes , Biomaterials Science: An Introduction to Materials in Medicine , Ratner B.D. , Hoffman A.S. , Schoen F.J. , and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... corrosion. It reviews tests, such as scratch test and in vitro fretting corrosion test, developed to investigate the aspects of mechanically assisted corrosion of metallic biomaterials. cobalt-base biomedical alloys electrochemical behavior in vitro fretting corrosion test iron-base biomedical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomaterials in surgical implant applications, such as orthopedic, cardiovascular surgery, and dentistry. It addresses the key issues related to simulation of the in vivo environment, service conditions, and data interpretation. Theses include frequency of dynamic loading, electrolyte chemistry, applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... engaged as an integral part of the device ecosystem. It discusses the various applications of biomaterials, including orthopedic, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, and dental applications. The article describes the four major categories of biomaterials, such as metals, polymers, glass and ceramics, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides the background of biological evaluation of medical devices. It discusses what the ISO 10993 standards require for polymeric biomaterials and presents examples of what qualitative and quantitative tests can be used to satisfy the requirements. The article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... its alloys and presents titanium-base biomaterials in a table. Titanium components are produced in wrought, cast, and powder metallurgy (PM) form. The article describes forging, casting, and heat treating of titanium alloys for producing titanium components. Typical mechanical properties of titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the four different types of tissue responses to the biomaterial. The article discusses the testing of implant failure, such as in vitro and in vivo assessment of tissue compatibility. biomaterials biomedical devices cardiovascular applications ceramic implants dental applications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... description of metal binding and its effects on metabolic processes. The hypersensitive responses to metal ions are also reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on possible cancer-causing effects of metallic biomaterials. biocompatibility cancer-causing effects corrosion hypersensitive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Porous coatings are used in the field of joint replacement, particularly in cementless total hip/knee arthroplasty. This article reviews the offerings and biomaterial properties in orthopedic surgery for the contemporary class of highly porous metals. It describes the traditional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... materials for at least 2000 years. However, the success of early artificial implants was limited until the mid- to late-19th century, when medical advances improved the potential success rate of implants. Since then, a wide variety of materials, known as biomaterials, have been developed to restore function...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... eager to experiment with these materials with the hope of providing even an incremental relief to their patients. Without even the rudimentary understanding of contemporary biomaterial toxicology, several of these early experiments with synthetic plastics for medical applications led to failures, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Molecular Weight Polyethylene Against a High Alumina Ceramic , Advances in Biomaterials , Vol 2 , Mechanical Properties of Biomaterials , Hastings G.W. and Williams D.F. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1980 , p 3 – 26 20. Dowson D. and Harding R.T. , The Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ceramics clinical applications glass-ceramics glasses hard tissue attachment hard-tissue response implant materials inert crystalline ceramics mechanical properties physical properties porous ceramics resorbable biomaterials CERAMICS, GLASSES, AND GLASS-CERAMICS have been essential for a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Biomaterials , Elsevier , Amsterdam , 1987 2. Williams D.F. , On the Mechanisms of Biocompatibility , Biomaterials , Vol 29 ( No. 20 ), 2008 , p 2941 – 2953 3. Tang Y.W. , Labow R.S. , and Santerre J.P. , Isolation of Methylene Dianiline and Aqueous-Soluble...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , The Biology of Aseptic Osteolysis , Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. , Vol 460 , July 2007 , p 240 – 252 3. Goodman S.B. , Wear Particles, Periprosthetic Osteolysis and the Immune System , Biomaterials , Vol 28 ( No. 34 ), Dec 2007 , p 5044 – 5048 4. Jacobs J.J. and...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Trabecular Metal Augment for Severe Acetabular Defects , J. Arthroplasty , Vol 21 ( No. 6 ) (Supplement), 2006 , p 83 – 86 25. Bobyn J.D. , Poggie R.A. , et al. , Clinical Validation of a Structural Porous Tantalum Biomaterial for Adult Reconstruction , J. Bone Joint Surg. , Vol 86...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... applications, is more resistant than stainless steel but is inferior to titanium. As defined by D.F. Williams in a Consensus Conference on Definitions in Biomaterials Sciences of the European Society for Biomaterials in 1987, biocompatibility refers to “the ability of a material to perform with an...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Gee A.J. , and Davidson C.L. , Polymerization Contraction and Conversion of Light-Curing BisGMA-Based Methacrylate Resins , Biomaterials , Vol 14 , 1993 , p 871 – 875 11. Sandner B. , Baudach S. , Davy K.W.M. , and Braden M. , Synthesis of BISGMA Derivatives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... to their preferred use over stainless steel for making removable partial denture frameworks in dentistry as low-cost alternatives to gold-base alloys ( Ref 2 ). This represented one of the earliest uses of a cobalt-chromium alloy as a biomaterial. The excellent corrosion resistance displayed in these...