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biologically influenced corrosion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... the corrosion engineering perspective is to determine when the influence of the organisms is important enough that effective corrosion control cannot be achieved without specifically addressing the microbial effect. General Mechanisms by Which Biological Organisms Influence Corrosion The presence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbiologically influenced corrosion as a basis for discussion on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of biological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It begins with an overview of the scope...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... to this situation. Here, the primary concern is not the biological effects of anodic dissolution, but rather how the presence of these materials in relation to human anatomy and physiology affects the ultimate mechanical failure of the implanted device. The influence of mechanical forces on corrosion behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC) of metallic materials as an introduction to the recognition, management, and prevention of microbiological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... A similar effect has sometimes been observed for iron and steel corrosion products generated upstream of aluminum components in desalination plants. However, the effect of iron contamination is not as strong or as consistent as that of copper. Influence of Biological Organisms Seawater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... copper copper alloys corrosion control ductile iron ferrous metals localized corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion municipal wastewater systems protective coatings reinforced concrete pipes wastewater treatment THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE is to acquaint the reader with useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Abstract This article explains how an engineer might go about assessing the risk of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in an industrial situation. It describes the systems that are susceptible to the effects of MIC by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The article discusses the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... The article illustrates the interfacial structure of a biomaterial surface contacting with the biological environment. It describes the corrosion behavior of stainless steel, cobalt-base alloy, and titanium alloys. The electrochemical methods used for studying metallic biomaterials corrosion are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... of the constituting unit cells of the porous structure. The details of the internal geometrical lattice design and the influence of various dimensional design parameters ( Table 9 ) on implant mechanical, biological, and functional properties are discussed in the section “Patient-Matched Device Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
...-internal stress, and vibration-external stress; and (4) biological influences such as microbiological, mildew, and marine fouling. biological influence coating degradation energy paints permeation pigments stress PAINTS AND COATINGS of all types are widely used to provide color...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ), such as heparin, an anticoagulant. Materials The number of materials used in currently approved implant devices is relatively small because of the requirement for stability in the biological milieu (resistance to corrosion and degradation) and minimal inflammation in the local tissue response, in addition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of Biological Material,” Technical Translation—Translated from 1965 Russian Document FTD-HT-23-1427-68, Patent 18948 , U.S. Army Foreign Science and Technology Center, 1968 , p 3 17. Bosecker K. , Microbially Influenced Corrosion of Materials , Springer Verlag , 1996 , p 439 10.1007/978-3...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses several aspects of biocompatibility of polymers, including the selection of a suitable polymer, specific use of a material, contact of polymer on body site, and duration of the contact. It describes the factors influencing the biological response of the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ). The protein layer influences the corrosion and degradation of the implant and determines how cells attach to the implant surface ( Ref 18 ). Bioinert ceramics exhibit a negligible degree of reactivity and do not bond with host tissue. After implantation, bioinert ceramics become encapsulated by a layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006889
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... between electroanalytical techniques, biological-based testing, and tribological characterization is needed and has been performed. This form of testing is done using an electrochemical (corrosion) cell, a potentiostat, a tribometer, and in-vitro-based media. Some tests are idle; that is, no potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... of problems associated with these systems across the nuclear industry in the previous decade, the NRC issued “Generic Letter (GL) 89-13” ( Ref 1 ). The overwhelming majority of the problems were the result of biological macrofouling, human error, or corrosion. In order to address these areas, GL 89-13...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... in a wastewater. Sulfide Generation The primary parameters that influence the production of sulfides within the piping system that transports the wastewater to the treatment facility are: Temperature of the wastewater: As the temperature increases, the rate of biological reactions increases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 12 September 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-392-8
... properties, manufacturing processes, and the particular surface modifications and treatments that have rendered its surfaces biologically compatible with peri-implant soft and hard tissues. aesthetics biocompatibility dental implants zirconia TOOTH REPLACEMENT, and the search for viable options...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...), the electrolytes (saline buffer, fluoride solution, calf serum, etc.) and the proteins (fetal bovine serum, fibrinogen, albumin, b-lactoglobulin, etc.) used to study the influence of proteins on corrosion resistance, results were considerably varied from one study to another. Earlier investigations in joint...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... treatments Surface modifications influencing biological properties Electropolishing Electropolising is used to smooth the surface of and passivate 316L stainless steel stents ( Ref 25 , 26 ). This can reduce the incidence of corrosion, which in turn decreases thrombogenicity and metal ion...