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biological response

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004208
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Abstract This article provides information on biomedical aspects such as active biological responses and the chemical environment characterizing the internal physiological milieu, as well as electrochemical fundamentals needed for characterizing corrosion fatigue (CF) and stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implant, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the several aspects of biocompatibility of polymers, including selection of a suitable polymer, specific use of a material, contact of polymer on body site, and duration of the contact. It describes factors influencing the biological response to the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... , 1994 , p 1153 – 1156 74. Chang B.S. , Brown P.R. , Sieber A. , Valdevit A. , Tateno K. , and Kostuik J.P. , Evaluation of the Biological Response of Wear Debris , Spine J. , Vol 4 ( Suppl. 6 ), Nov 2004 , p 239S – 244S 75. Rhalmi S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... on risk assessments of extracts is also included. The four basic steps that are commonly used in the risk assessment process are discussed. These steps include hazard identification, dose-response assessment, and exposure assessment, and risk characterization. biological evaluation chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... , p 3911 26. Cohen J. , Metal Implants—Historical Background and Biological Response to Implantation , Biomater. Reconstruct. Surg. , 1979 , p 46 – 61 27. Ito Y. , Okazaki Y. , Ito A. , and Tateishi T. , New Titanium Alloys for Medical Implants , Titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
.... , Nakashima Y. , Fujiwara Y. , Komohara Y. , Takeya M. , and Nakanishi Y. , Effect of Particle Size on Biological Response by Human Monocyte-Derived Macrophages , Biosurf. Biotribol. , Vol 2 , 2016 , p 18 – 25 10.1016/j.bsbt.2016.02.003 15. Batchelor A.W. and Tan...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... and Its Alloys: The Material and Biological Issues , STP 1272, Brown S.A. and Lemons J.E. , Ed., American Society for Testing and Materials , 1996 , p 163 – 178 174. Hildebrand H.F. and Hornez J.C. , Biological Response and Biocompatibility , Metals as Biomaterials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... material characteristics Tissue response Applications Biologically inactive Fibrous tissue of variable thickness forms (a) No Biologically sustainable Cells are attached and proliferated Artificial organs (hybrid type)  Porous … …  Film/sheet/tubes Nutrition permeable Guided tissue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Hildebrand H.F. and Hornez J.C. , Biological Response and Biocompatibility , Metals as Biomaterials , Helsen J.A. and Breme J.J. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , 1998 , p 265 – 290 41. Steinemann S.G. , Metal Implants and Surface Reactions , Injury , Vol 27 ( Suppl...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...-carrying calcium phosphate coatings, are described as follows. Bioinert ceramics are biologically inactive materials that undergo little or no chemical change in vivo . Alumina and zirconia are two ceramics used in surgical implants that elicit a bioinert response when implanted. Alumina...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... in biological systems. They can have positive effects, because they are produced by macrophages as a response to infectious agents, but they can also have deleterious effects on cells ( Ref 41 ). Conversely, when ROS overwhelm cell antioxidants that are composed of both nonenzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...Microorganisms most commonly implicated in biological corrosion Table 1 Microorganisms most commonly implicated in biological corrosion Genus or species pH range Temperature range Oxygen requirement Metals affected Action °C °F Bacteria Desulfovibrio (best known: D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... In the field of medical device development and testing, the corrosion of metallic parts can lead to significant adverse effects on the biocompatibility of the device. This article describes the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It reviews the response of implant metals and particulate materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... toxic metals, including antimony, barium, indium, magnesium, silver, tellurium, thallium, tin, titanium, uranium, and vanadium. The main factors included in the discussion are their disposition, toxicity, biological factors and treatment. carcinogenicity chelating agents chelation therapy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response to severe corrosion of implant and particulate materials. It provides...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., diffusionless (martensitic) phase transformation as occurs with face-centered cubic to hexagonal close-packed transformation in cobalt-chromium alloys, stacking faults and twins and their role in this transformation. It also includes strengthening mechanisms that are responsible for the mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... , Bouillaguet S. , and Noda M. , In Vitro Biological Response to Core and Flowable Dental Restorative Materials , Dent. Mater. , Vol 19 , 2003 , p 25 – 31 60. Hamid A. , Okamoto A. , Iwaku M. , and Hume W.R. , Component Release from Light-Activated Glass Ionomer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... Biological effects are not necessarily harmful to health. They are the measurable and natural response of the organism to a stimulus or a change in the environment. Many activities produce various biological effects. Indeed, playing sports, listening to music, playing on the computer, reading this article...