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biological organisms

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Test Chambers by Change in Mass of Copper Coupons G 91 Standard Practice for Monitoring Atmospheric SO 2 Using the Sulfation Plate Technique D 6675 Standard Practice for Salt-Accelerated Outdoor Cosmetic Corrosion Testing of Organic Coatings on Automotive Sheet Steel B 537 Standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003637
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... be none without them, or accelerating corrosion, or changing a relatively slow rate of general corrosion into one with rapid localized penetration of the metal. These organisms are listed in Table 1 . Microorganisms most commonly implicated in biological corrosion Table 1 Microorganisms most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... , Corrosion and Corrosion Control , 3rd ed. , Wiley-Interscience , 1985 Consistency and the Major Ions Variability of the Minor Ions Effect of Pollutants Influence of Biological Organisms Effect of Flow Velocity Salinity and Chlorinity Effect of River Discharge Salinity Variations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... characterization is so important and why it is an essential part of biological evaluation for medical devices, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) harmonized standards clearly link the two together. Parts 18 and 19 are receiving even more emphasis, as they become an integral part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of interactions between an implanted ceramic and a living organism. Bioinert ceramics are biologically inactive materials that undergo little or no chemical change in vivo . Alumina and zirconia are two ceramics used in surgical implants that elicit a bioinert response when implanted. Bioactive ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of organic nutrients to carbon dioxide. Under anaerobic conditions, electron acceptors other than oxygen can be used. Figure 1 illustrates the range of pH and redox potential where anaerobic forms of microbial metabolism tend to be found ( Ref 18 ). Fig. 1 The pH and oxidation reduction potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with the abundance of sulfate-reducing bacteria in soils along a buried pipeline Factor Range Correlation coefficient Number of acid-producing bacteria (a) , cells/g soil 10 3 –10 8 +0.829 Total organic carbon in groundwater, % 0.05–1.2 +0.645 Soil resistivity, Ω · cm 500–30,000 −0.642...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
.... Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices . ISO 10993 series, International Standards Organization biological evaluation medical devices ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... Anti Lewisite. (b) DMPS, 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid. (c) EDTA, ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid. (d) DTPA, diethylenetriamine-pentaacetic acid. Biologic indicators of arsenic exposure Table 3 Biologic indicators of arsenic exposure Indicator Normal Excessive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005858
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Labour Office Geneva , Switzerland , 1993 • ICNIRP Sci Review: Review of the Epidemiological Literature on EMF and Health , Environ. Health Persp. , Vol 109 ( No. 6 ), 2001 , p 911 – 933 International Organizations Biological and Health Effects Frequencies <100 kHz: Coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... characteristics Tissue response Applications Biologically inactive Fibrous tissue of variable thickness forms (a) No Biologically sustainable Cells are attached and proliferated Artificial organs (hybrid type)  Porous … …  Film/sheet/tubes Nutrition permeable Guided tissue generation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... or biomasses via the recycling of biological solids. The microorganisms grown and suspended in the wastewater convert biodegradable, organic wastewater constituents into different cell masses and by-products, which can be removed from the wastewater by settling, stripping of gases, and other physical processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a summary of the biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implants, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and release ions in aggressive biological environments. This raises concerns about their behavior in physiological fluids and potential accumulation in the organism. Depending on the nature of the metal, this issue can diverge, because ions do not have the same metabolism and physiokinetic properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... makes an organic molecule more susceptible to degradation by other environmental influences (i.e., permeation, mechanical, and biological). The primary energy influences are solar radiation, heat (and cold), and to a much lesser extent, nuclear radiation. The Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in association with other microorganisms and use a range of carboxylic acids and fatty acids, which are common by-products of other micro-organisms. Biological slimes are commonly found in the water phases of industrial process plants ( Fig. 2 ). A wide range of common bacteria (e.g., Pseudomonas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., sutures Polymethyl methacrylate Bone cements, contact lenses Recommended tests Table 3 Recommended tests Device categories Subcategories Contact duration (a) Biological effect to be evaluated (b) Supplemental tests that may be required (c) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... – 2953 3. “Biological Evaluation of Medical Devices,” TC-194, International Organization for Standardization, 2009 , http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=44908 (accessed Sept 2011) 4. Hamburg M. , Shattuck Lecture: Innovation, Regulation, and the FDA , New Engl. J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003701
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... operating time between regenerations of the ion-exchange resins. Reverse osmosis forces water through a membrane filter, producing high-quality water. The process can remove 95 to 99% of the dissolved solids and many different types of organisms from all waters including brackish and seawater...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... above) that are in general use in well-equipped materials analysis laboratories are described in this Handbook. These include methods used to characterize materials such as alloys, glasses, ceramics, organics, gases, inorganics, and so on. Techniques used primarily for biological or medical analysis...