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biocompatibility

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response of implant and particulate materials to severe corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... ceramics. The article describes third-generation bioceramics, classified by Hench and Polak, such as silicate-substituted hydroxyapatite and bone morphogenic protein-carrying calcium phosphate coatings. It reviews several examination methods used to test the biocompatibility of ceramics, namely, biosafety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses several aspects of biocompatibility of polymers, including the selection of a suitable polymer, specific use of a material, contact of polymer on body site, and duration of the contact. It describes the factors influencing the biological response...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
...Abstract Abstract In the field of medical device development and testing, the corrosion of metallic parts can lead to significant adverse effects on the biocompatibility of the device. This article describes the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It reviews the response of implant...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 18 Relationship between polarization resistance and biocompatibility of pure metals, cobalt-chromium, and stainless steels. Source: Ref 8 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... provides information on the wear and fatigue properties and corrosion resistance of nitrided titanium alloys, as well as the effect of nitriding on the biocompatibility of titanium. It also compares plasma-nitrided titanium alloys with alloy steels. It concludes with a short discussion on the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... of biocompatible medical device adhesives are listed in a table. The article concludes with a section on the selection of materials for medical adhesives. acrylics adhesive bonding adhesive selection bioadhesives biocompatibility curing cyanoacrylates dentistry epoxies hot melts medical adhesives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... and resin-matrix compositions. The article also discusses the compositions, properties, and clinical applications of polyacid-modified composite resins and resin-modified glass-ionomer cements. It concludes with information on biodegradation and biocompatibility of resin-based restorative materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... effects, fatigue, and corrosion in medical device design. It reviews the biocompatibility of nitinol based on corrosion behavior. The article explains the general principles, potential pitfalls, and key properties for manufacturing, heat treatment, and processing of nitinol. biocompatibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a summary of the biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implants, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomedical implant alloys are listed in a tabular form. The article presents an overview of the surface-modification methods for titanium and its alloys implants. It concludes with a section on biocompatibility and in vivo corrosion of titanium alloys. artificial heart pumps biocompatibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
...Abstract Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design...
Image
Published: 01 June 2012
Fig. 1 Polymeric biomaterials are composed of mixtures of chemicals, some of which are bound to the polymer backbone or into the material matrix, while others are free to migrate into the surrounding environment. The identities and abundance of these chemicals determine the biocompatibility More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... discussed. The article concludes with information on the biological consequences of in vivo corrosion and biocompatibility. electrochemical method biocompatibility biomaterials chemical composition cobalt alloys corrosion iron metallic biomaterials stainless steel titanium alloy oxide-film...
Book Chapter

By Matthew Donachie
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...Abstract Abstract Biomaterials are the man-made metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials used for intracorporeal applications in the human body. This article primarily focuses on metallic materials. It provides information on basic metallurgy, biocompatibility, chemistry, and the orthopedic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... infrared analysis medical devices polymeric biomaterials qualitative tests quantitative tests risk assessment thermal analysis CURRENTLY, there is a great deal of discussion about the merits of chemical and material characterization with regard to medical device biocompatibility. While it may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., and hip nails. However, as TJR surgery became popular, it was evident that the very high modulus of stainless steel (∼200 GPa, or 29 × 10 6 psi) was a deterrent ( Table 1 ). Also, researchers started looking for alloys that were more biocompatible and corrosion and wear resistant. Cobalt-base alloys came...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... with its ductility and relative ease of fabrication into complex shapes, made tantalum attractive for surgical applications beginning in the first half of the 20th century. In 1924, the American College of Surgeons boldly declared tantalum “the best metal for orthopaedic implants based on biocompatibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Compatibility: Biocompatibility, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) classification, compatibility with other materials in the device, manufacturing process, and sterilization and use conditions Others: Optical, electrical The information on product data sheets is most useful for screening materials...