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biocompatibility

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... information on the wear and fatigue properties and corrosion resistance of nitrided titanium alloys, as well as the effect of nitriding on the biocompatibility of titanium. It also compares plasma-nitrided titanium alloys with alloy steels. It concludes with a short discussion on the effect of nitriding on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biocompatibility of ceramics, namely, biosafety testing, biofunctionality testing, bioactivity testing, and bioresorbability testing. bioactive ceramics bioactivity testing bioceramics biocompatibility biofunctionality testing bioinert ceramics bioresorbability testing bioresorbable ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the several aspects of biocompatibility of polymers, including selection of a suitable polymer, specific use of a material, contact of polymer on body site, and duration of the contact. It describes factors influencing the biological response to the polymer in a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article discusses the mechanisms of metal and alloy biocompatibility. It provides information on early testing and experience with metals in medical device applications. The article describes the response to severe corrosion of implant and particulate materials. It provides a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article highlights corrosion resistance and ion release from main transition metallic bearings that are used as medical devices. It discusses the main issues associated with the in vivo presence of ions and their biocompatibility during the exposure of patients to different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... attachment in the fields of orthopedics and dentistry, and soft-tissue attachment such as wound closure. The typical characteristics and applications of biocompatible medical device adhesives are listed in a table. The article concludes with a section on selection of materials for medical adhesives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005658
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
..., fatigue, and corrosion in medical device design. It reviews the biocompatibility of nitinol based on corrosion behavior. The article describes the general principles, potential pitfalls, and key properties for manufacturing, heat treatment, and processing of nitinol. biocompatibility corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract This article provides a summary of biocompatibility or biological response of metals, ceramics, and polymers used in medical implant, along with their clinical issues. The polymers include ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene, nonresorbable polymer, and resorbable polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... biomedical implant alloys are listed in a tabular form. The article presents an overview of surface-modification methods for titanium and its alloys implants. It concludes with a section on biocompatibility and in vivo corrosion of titanium alloys. artificial heart pumps biocompatibility biomaterials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... composite resins and resin-modified glass-ionomer cements. It discusses the biodegradation and biocompatibility of resin-based restorative materials. biocompatibility biodegradation coupling agents dental composite resins etching filler initiator-accelerator systems organic resin matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005660
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract The biocompatibility of a material relates to its immunological response, toxicity profile, and ability to integrate with surrounding tissue without undesirable local or systemic effects on a patient. This article underscores the transformation of the medical device design ecosystem...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... differences in physical properties, and relates properties and hard-tissue response to particular clinical applications. The article provides information on glass or glass-ceramic particles for cancer treatments. bioactive glasses biocompatibility calcium phosphate ceramics cancer treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... characterization with regard to medical device biocompatibility. While it may not be obvious why chemical and material characterization is so important and why it is an essential part of biological evaluation for medical devices, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) harmonized standards clearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Biocompatible Titanium Alloy Developed for Surgical Implants , Beta Titanium in the 1990's , 1993 , p 2697 – 2704 34. Kuroda D. , Niinomi M. , Morinaga M. , Kato Y. , and Yashiro T. , Design and Mechanical Properties of New β Type Titanium Alloys for Implant Materials...
Book Chapter

By Sam Nasser
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... fabrication into complex shapes, made tantalum attractive for surgical applications beginning in the first half of the 20th century. In 1924, the American College of Surgeons boldly declared tantalum “the best metal for orthopaedic implants based on biocompatibility” ( Ref 10 ). Unfortunately, despite this...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Science , Wiley-Interscience , 1986 • Szycher M. , Ed., Biocompatible Polymers, Metals, and Composites , Technomic Publishing , 1983 Polymeric biomaterials and applications • Agrawal C.M. , Reconstructing the Human Body Using Biomaterials , JOM , Jan 1998 , p 31 – 35...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... the flat counterface (disk) must be retained by a sample holder (retaining ring) Tin oxide coatings are currently being developed for applications within the body where good adhesion and biocompatibility are the main considerations. Such coatings are spin-coated onto standard stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... water, hydrogen gas is produced and builds up pressure inside the amalgam restoration, which eventually causes the delayed expansion ( Ref 19 ). Selenium additions have been shown to improve amalgam biocompatibility ( Ref 1 , 19 ). Relatively small amounts of gold, platinum, palladium, and/or indium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... a list of bulk materials as a first step in a complex selection process. As has been addressed, the material selection process includes examination of biocompatibility, compatibility with adjoining materials and coatings, as well as mechanical, physical, fatigue, friction, and wear behavior. The...