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binary isomorphous systems

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... parameters that control microsegregation are discussed in relation to the manifestations of microsegregation in simple and then increasingly complex alloy systems. The measurement and kinetics of microsegregation are discussed for the binary isomorphous systems: titanium-molybdenum; binary eutectic systems...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 4 Freezing curve of an idealized solid-solution alloy in a binary isomorphous system. (a) The solid-solution phase (α) is a homogeneous solid at all compositions in this idealized isomorphous system. (b) When the alloy solidifies under equilibrium conditions, phase compositions can More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... levels of alloying elements. A number of binary alloys form substitutional solid solutions with complete solubility at room temperature ( Table 1 ). The copper-nickel system is a good example of an isomorphous system, as mentioned in the article “Introduction to Phase Diagrams” in this Volume. Both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... single-phase boundary line ternary isomorphous systems ternary phase diagram zero-phase fraction line TERNARY SYSTEMS are those having three components. It is not possible to describe the composition of a ternary alloy with a single number or fraction, as was done with binary alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... concentration. For example, Fig. 4 ( Ref 2 ) shows a simplified phase diagram for a hypothetical binary system with two elements, A and B. This particular type of phase diagram is that of an isomorphous system, in that elements A and B are somewhat similar to each other in terms of crystal structure, atomic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
... that can exist as a solid, liquid, and/or gas, depending on the specific combination of temperature and pressure. It describes the accomplishment of conversion between weight percentage and atomic percentage in a binary system by the use of formulas. The article analyzes the effects of alloying on melting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... by a decrease in the alloy content in the β phase. Equilibrium Phase Relationships Figure 1 shows a schematic β-isomorphous equilibrium phase diagram typical of the binary alloy systems, such as titanium molybdenum (Ti-Mo), titanium-vanadium (Ti-V), titanium-niobium (Ti-Nb), or titanium-tantalum (Ti...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... 8 ) is an example of an isomorphous beta-stabilized system. There are several important features in this diagram: The titanium beta phase is isomorphous with niobium; both have the bcc crystal structure. As a result, this type of system is referred to as beta isomorphous. Other binary systems...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005206
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... compilation of binary systems ( Ref 4 ) provides selected thermochemical values in tabulated and graphical form. This compilation also includes phase diagrams calculated from the same thermodynamic functions as the tabulated thermochemical values. It is the first compilation that makes use of the correlations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 27 April 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v03.a0006225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-163-4
.... The article describes the aluminum-silicon eutectic system and the lead-tin eutectic system. It discusses eutectic morphologies in terms of lamellar and fibrous eutectics, regular and irregular eutectics, and the interpretation of eutectic microstructures. The article examines the solidification of a binary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.9781627081771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...) may be classified in two groups: β isomorphous type that form binary systems ( Fig. 1b ) and those that favor formation of a β eutectoid ( Fig. 1c ). However, the eutectoid reactions in a number of alloys are very sluggish so that, in practice, the alloys tend to behave as if this reaction did...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of phase-equilibrium diagrams. Likewise, the ternary Cu-Sn-Zn system is easier to understand if first the solubility limits and general phase relationships are considered in the binary copper-zinc and copper-tin systems. Copper Zinc Zinc has a relatively wide range of solubility in copper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
.... Important examples are Mg 2 Si and MgZn 2 . Among a number of other phases of this type, which may be found occasionally in commercial aluminum alloys, are CaSi 2 , Mg 2 Pb, Mg 2 Sn, and TiB 2 . In quaternary systems, intermetallic phases of the binary and ternary subsystems are occasionally isomorphous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... of the respective binary and ternary systems are occasionally isomorphous, forming continuous series of solid solutions in equilibrium with aluminum solid solution. An important example is the Al-Cu-Mg-Zn quaternary system, where there are three such pairs: CuMg 4 Al 6 + Mg 3 Zn 3 Al 2 , Mg 2 Zn 11 + Cu 6 Mg 2 Al...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Supercooling) The solidification of an alloy is much more complex than that of a pure metal, whether in a weld pool or in a casting. Figure 3 shows a simple binary isomorphous phase diagram. The temperatures of the liquidus and solidus lines of Fig. 3 can be approximated by straight lines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the physical metallurgy and weldability of four families of titanium-base alloys, namely, near-alpha alloy, alpha-beta alloy, near-beta, or metastable-beta alloy, and titanium based intermetallics that include alpha-2, gamma, and orthorhombic systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-silicon system ( Fig. 6 ) is a simple eutectic system with a eutectic composition of 12.6 wt% Si and a maximum solid solubility of 1.65 wt% Si (1.5 at.%) at the eutectic temperature of 577 °C (1071 °F). In the binary aluminum-silicon system, under the nonequilibrium conditions of casting, the volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
...-carbon alloys with low carbon content (<3.5% C, i.e., steels and cast irons poor in carbon) are microscopically homogeneous. Liquid iron-carbon alloys with high carbon (>3.5% C, i.e., cast irons rich in carbon) are colloidal-dispersed systems with carbon clusters in liquid solution. The nature...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
... thermal treatments are used to control certain properties and characteristics of the worked, or wrought, product or alloy. This article discusses the designation system, classification, product forms, corrosion and fabrication characteristics, and applications of wrought aluminum alloys. Commercial...