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bid evaluation

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005188
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the four basic steps of the purchasing process of cast components. These steps include defining requirements and developing a purchasing plan; requesting and evaluating bids from potential sources; selecting a source and negotiating contract terms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of the stages of engineering design, that is, stages 2, 3, and 4 listed above, the problem solving methodology employed is called guided iteration ( Ref 3 ). The steps in the guided iteration process, illustrated in Fig. 2 , are formulation of the problem; generation of alternative solutions; evaluation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... manufacturing or repair, or operation in violation of specified limits. To evaluate whether a root cause of failure originates in the engineering design of a component or system, the engineering design process must be understood. With that understanding, the failure analyst can broaden the investigation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... was International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 9001 registered, the additional components had been purchased and fitted to the motors at the sole bidding of an employee engineer whose focus was on reducing vibration and noise in the product and who had seen a similar solution applied by another company...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... coupon is removed and polished to reveal graphite shape and distribution, as well as matrix structure. These characteristics are evaluated by comparison with standard ASTM/AFS photomicrographs, and acceptance or rejection of castings is based on this comparison. Tensile-test specimens are machined...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...Abstract Abstract Product design for manufacture and assembly can be the key to high productivity in all manufacturing industries. This article discusses the use of design for manufacture and assembly (DFMA) software in the evaluation of proposed designs. It summarizes the steps taken when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
.... Simple experiments can be set up to map a region of interest ( Ref 14 , 15 ). The map is referred to as a response over a region of parameters that needed evaluation. Six primary process variables are: Enthalpy input into the particular TS process, whether it be gained from a combusting gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
.... For this reason and others, there has been a large effort in the DOD over the past ten years to evaluate the suitability of commercial specifications and standards (such as ASTM) and adopt them where suitable, canceling the associated military specification in the process. This effort has taken place under...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of compacted graphite irons in accordance with ASTM A 842 Table 2 Properties of compacted graphite irons in accordance with ASTM A 842 Grade (a) Minimum tensile strength Minimum yield strength Elongation in 50 mm (2 in.), % Hardness (b) , HB BID (b) , mm MPa ksi MPa ksi 250 (c) 250...
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... to continuously reduce variability around targets, the Japanese manufacturer incurred lower production costs. The American company, on the other hand, was paying for inspection, scrap, rework, and, ultimately, warranty costs. Indeed, the Japanese manufacturer's bid for the work indicated that it planned a total...
Book Chapter

By Barry Law
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... paint and manage its use and disposal responsibly, general considerations such as these are not enough; compliance with well-defined standards should be evaluated. Once the broad paint purchasing requirements and needs have been determined, bid specifications should be drafted based on third-party...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opportunities to detect the error from several entities during the 40 year life of the bridge, including the government authority responsible for the safe operation and maintenance of the bridge, an engineering university, and a separate engineering company. None of these fully evaluated the loads and stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... on restart. Comparison with Carbon Steel The curves for 1008 low-carbon steel are included in Fig. 1 as a reference for the evaluation of stainless steels. The decrease in formability of 1008 steel with cold work appears to fall between that of types 409/430 and that of the more formable type 301...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.9781627081627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7