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biaxial testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the evaluation of mechanical properties of freestanding films and films adherent to their substrates. Common methods of testing freestanding films, including uniaxial tensile testing, uniaxial creep testing, biaxial testing, and beam-bending methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Sheet tensile test specimen Fig. 1 Part design requiring a combination of types of forming. B, bending; BS, biaxial stretching; D, drawing; P, plane-strain stretching; U, unbending (straightening). Source: Ref 1 Fig. 2 Schematic of several major strain/minor strain combinations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Fig. 2 Stress state near a crack in a polar coordinate Fig. 1 Two-dimensional stress states without cracking Fig. 3 A semielliptical surface crack under shear. A , pure mode III; B , C , pure mode II Fig. 5 Biaxial fatigue testing machine. Courtesy of Instron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... , Experimental and Analytical Evaluation of A Biaxial Test for Determining In-Plane Shear Properties of Composites , SAMPE Q. , Oct 1992 , p 28 – 37 11. Semiatin S.L. and Jonas J.J. , Formability and Workability of Metals , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 26 – 30 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... the deep secondary cracks between the elongated grains. 2100× Fig. 1240, 1241, 1242, 1243 Intergranular fracture at elevated temperatures in DOP-26, a thorium-doped Ir-0.3W alloy. A high-rate biaxial punch test was used to fracture a disk specimen measuring 52 mm (2 in.) in diameter and 0.635 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
..., standard uniaxial tensile strength Average uniaxial and biaxial yield properties of Ti-4Al-0.2O and Ti-5Al-2.5Sn extralow interstitial (ELI) sheet Table 4 Average uniaxial and biaxial yield properties of Ti-4Al-0.2O and Ti-5Al-2.5Sn extralow interstitial (ELI) sheet Material Testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... was chosen as opposed to a standard uniaxial tensile test because the stress state needed to be biaxial to accurately reflect what happens in the aluminum sheet during actual forming. Following deformation, samples were cut from the pan at various locations and prepared for metallographic examination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... direction measured Method Reference Rods, cylinders, tubes Uniaxial stresses; axial symmetry Longitudinal Bauer-Heyn 23 Rectangular cross section, bar Uniaxial stresses varying through thickness Longitudinal Stablein 24 Rods, cylinders, tubes Biaxial stresses; axial symmetry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... in uniaxial tension, W u p , and balanced biaxial tension (bulge test), W b p , i.e., for W o p = W u p Fig. 6 Flow stress as a function of (a) plastic work or (b) plastic strain for an aluminum alloy 6111-T4 sheet sample measured in balanced biaxial tension...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... , of 0.6 and with a temperature gradient of 50 °C (90 °F) under external heating Fig. 5 Multiaxial creep test results for a pressurized P91 tube with end load at 600 °C (1100 °F) under various ratios of hoop stress to axial stress and with constant initial von Mises stress Fig. 6 Hoop...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and transverse tension and compression stresses acting on a unidirectional lamina, and no need has been found for any further properties or for any changes in J 1 and ε eqv , which are the only properties involved in the initiation of matrix failures. Figure 10 shows German test data for biaxial loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... to the hat-shaped specimen with its shear forcing geometry, the inclined cylindrical specimen geometry just “offers” a dynamic biaxial stress state, and the material responds with its own specific behavior of sensitivity to adiabatic shear failure. Therefore, with this testing procedure, the tendency...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... Γ p plane contour plots for two different low-cycle fatigue lives predicted by the (a) McDowell-Berard model in the Γ p plane for n ′ = 0.15 and an approximate ratio of plastic work to failure in a torsion test to a tension test of two, and (b) the Fatemi-Socie-Kurath model contours in the Γ p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... ″ 2 } / 2 Coefficients and input data (b) (c) Anisotropy coefficients α 1 to α 8 Flow stresses in uniaxial tension for directions at 0, 45, and 90° from rolling direction σ 0 , σ 45 , σ 90 Bulge test flow stress (assumed to be the balanced biaxial flow stress) σ b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... in curvature indicates a compressive stress in the coating. Typical interference fringe patterns are shown in Fig. 2 . Figures 2(a) and 2(b) correspond to equal and unequal principal stresses of the same sign, whereas Fig. 2(c) corresponds to a biaxial stress state with principal stresses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... is the discussion of design considerations against fatigue related to material performance under mechanical loading at constant temperature (isothermal fatigue, or simply fatigue). In this article, periodic loading of specimens is considered, and the material properties related to fatigue derived from these tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... the potential of brittle failure. Ductile-to-brittle transitions in the fracture behavior of unfilled thermoplastics occur with increasing strain rates, decreasing temperatures, and increasingly constrained stress states. Figure 6 shows three common mechanical test techniques:uniaxial tension, biaxially...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Test coupon tolerances used to study composite-to-metal joints in the MRDA shown in <xref rid="a0001468-f14" ref-type="fig">Fig. 14</xref> Table 1 Test coupon tolerances used to study composite-to-metal joints in the MRDA shown in Fig. 14 Original dimensions given in inches (1 in. = 25 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... stretching). Although easy to perform and providing some general and relative indication of formability, these tests rarely represent the biaxial state of stress typically encountered by the sheet metal during actual forming operations. A major development in establishing sheet metal formability under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Flow stresses in uniaxial tension for directions at 0, 45, and 90° from rolling direction σ 0 , σ 45 , σ 90 Bulge test flow stress (assumed to be the balanced biaxial flow stress) σ b r values in uniaxial tension for directions at 0, 45, and 90° from rolling direction r 0 , r 45 , r...