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biaxial stretch testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the evaluation of mechanical properties of freestanding films and films adherent to their substrates. Common methods of testing freestanding films, including uniaxial tensile testing, uniaxial creep testing, biaxial testing, and beam-bending methods, are...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article reviews the various types of mechanical testing methods, including hardness testing; tension testing; compression testing; dynamic fracture testing; fracture toughness testing; fatigue life testing; fatigue crack growth testing; and creep, stress-rupture, and stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... films or sheets, it is advantageous to stretch biaxially to increase tensile modulus and strength in all directions of the film plane. Tensile properties are usually measured at a constant rate of 0.5 cm/min (0.2 in./min). It is recommended by ASTM that the speed of testing be such that rupture occurs...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the complexity of deformation and/or the strength of the material is very high. Generally, except in the case of ironing, sheet metal forming involves little or no thickness change. Deformation is generally biaxial in the plane of the sheet. However, there can be considerable relative motion between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... article discusses the common testing techniques and process variables for workability prediction. It illustrates the simple and most widely used fracture criterion proposed by Cockcroft and Latham and provides a workability analysis using the fracture limit line. The article describes various workability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... textured Ti-4Al-0.2O alloy than for Ti-5Al-2.5Sn extralow interstitial (ELI) at all temperatures. Consequently, although Ti-4Al-0.2O has lower uniaxial yield strength than Ti-5Al-2.5Sn ELI at the three testing temperatures, the biaxial yield strength for both alloys at 21 °C (70 °F) and −196 °C (−320 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... constrained by the hard outer shell and undergoes a complex pattern of tensile and compressive plastic deformation. As the block cools further, these complex reversals continue, and the magnitude of the surface and interior plastic strains diminishes. Considering the residual stresses, a biaxial tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... the deep secondary cracks between the elongated grains. 2100× Intergranular fracture at elevated temperatures in DOP-26, a thorium-doped Ir-0.3W alloy. A high-rate biaxial punch test was used to fracture a disk specimen measuring 52 mm (2 in.) in diameter and 0.635 mm (0.025 in.) thick. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... alloy that was tested under rotating bending conditions. Compare with Fig. 17(b) . Fig. 19 Fatigue striations in a 2024-T3 aluminum alloy joined by tear ridges Fig. 20 Fatigue striations on adjoining walls on the fracture surface of a commercially pure titanium specimen. (O.E.M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... orientation of a mat provides fiber orientation in all directions, a specific volume of fibers can be oriented transverse to the axis by means of several biaxial fabric reinforcement styles. The traditional material used had been woven roving; however, problems associated with weave stability, wet-out, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... Austenitic types 201 and 301 can be formed with biaxial stretching in excess of 35% because partial transformation to martensite during deformation helps the metal resist necking and deform more uniformly. (For unusually severe forming, composition may have to be adjusted to suit the particular job, and slow...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... provides values in these same categories for CTFE, PVDF, and ECTFE. Table 3 Properties and resin costs for PTFE, FEP, PFA, and ETFE Properties Polytetrafluoroethylene Fluorinated perfluoroethylene-propylene Perfluoro alkoxy alkane Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene Test method General...