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bendability

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Published: 01 January 2006
Fig. 15 Effect of orientation on bendability More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... Abstract Aluminum and its alloys are among the more formable materials of commonly fabricated metals. This article discusses the formability, bendability, and springback of aluminum and its alloys. It describes the forming limit diagrams that illustrate the biaxial combinations of strain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...-plastic bending, and pure plastic bending. Sheet metal bendability is a critical factor in many forming operations. The article illustrates the derivation of two relevant bend-ductility equations. bendability bending bending stress elastic bending elastic-plastic bending flanging non...
Book Chapter

By Jian Cao
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005166
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... study of hemming of aluminum 1050. Fracture Bendability is often defined as the ratio of the thickness of the material to the minimum bend radius that a material can achieve before failure ( Ref 2 ). Figure 1 shows a fractured aluminum autobody sheet resulting from a flat-hemming operation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
..., sheet blanks with poor edge conditions (roughness and severe strain and hardness gradients) have poor bendability due to premature cracking. Structural Integrity Depending on its processing history, a workpiece to be subjected to further metalworking operations may contain significant structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... and limitations of liquid epoxy Characteristic Limitation Thickness range, μm (mils) 510–890 (20–35) Electrical resistance Excellent Water penetration resistance Excellent Heat resistance, °C (°F) 110 (230) Solvent resistance Excellent Impact resistance Good Bendability Good...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... and downspouts, sheet metal work, bottle caps and closures. Product requirements are relatively modest; moderate temper strength, bendability, and paint adhesion. Another major application of alloy 3105 is bottle caps for soft drinks. The main requirements of this end product are consistent H2x strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... the H25 or H28 tempers to meet automotive requirements for dent and scratch resistance, but with sufficient bendability to make the required part. The alloys are mostly used today (2019) for reflector sheet, appliance trim, and lighting. Their use for lighting fixtures has been especially beneficial...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... angle at fracture) of two grades of powder sheet is shown in Fig. 3 . Although these data show the effect of temperature on bendability, maximum strain on a 2 t bend radius is not achieved at less than 90°. Therefore, it should not be assumed that the quantitative results shown in Fig. 3 can always...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... is in the range of 260 to 510 °C (500 to 950 °F) Alloy 6101 offers good weldability, corrosion resistance, bendability, and formability. Fig. 1 Comparative characteristics of aluminum alloy 6101 and related alloys and tempers. Rating: A = Excellent, B = Good, C = Fair, and D = Poor. Source: Alloy Digest...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... will recover its shape upon heating above its transformation temperatures. Examples of martensitic devices include vibration dampers, bendable surgical tools for open heart surgery, and highly fatigue resistant wires. Copper-Base Alloys Compositions and Properties Commercial copper-base shape memory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), r -bar value Bending under tension limits Angular stretch-bend test Height at failure, stretch-bendability index UTS, r -bar value Springback and curl Channel draw test Springback opening angle, radius of sidewall curl Yield strength, tool radii, draw bead...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... on bendability, maximum strain on a 2 t bend radius is not achieved at less than 90°. Therefore, it should not be assumed that the quantitative results shown in Fig. 1 can always be applied directly in practice. Fig. 1 Bend angle to fracture versus temperature of beryllium sheet using a 2 t bend...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... is used to achieve the required properties, accomplished by substructural changes in dislocation density and rearrangement into cellular patterns (polygonization). Bendability and formability of an alloy annealed to an H2-type temper generally are significantly higher than those of the same alloy in which...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... be evaluated for materials under fixed conditions; for example, ductility, fatigue strength, fatigue crack growth rate, notch sensitivity, formability (drawability, stretchability, bendability, etc.), wear resistance (abrasion resistance, adhesion resistance, galling resistance, etc.), machinability...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003178
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... is generally necessary to find which bends can be made. Thick-wall tubing is more likely to be bendable without a mandrel than thin-wall tubing. Bends with large radii are more likely to be formable without a mandrel than those with small radii. Slight bends are more feasible than acute bends. Wide tolerances...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Sachs G. , Principles and Methods of Sheet-Metal Fabricating , Reinhold Publishers , New York , 1954 ; see also Smith D.A. , Ed., Die Design Handbook , Society of Manufacturing Engineers , 1990 , p 6 – 3 5. Datsko J. and Yang C.T. , Correlation of Bendability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0