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bearing surfaces

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... subjected to stress; bearing surfaces; plateau honed and tapped surfaces; and reflective, painted, elastic, and wear-resistant surfaces. bearing surfaces contact techniques elastic surfaces focus-follow method ground surface milled machined surfaces noncontact techniques painted surfaces...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...) divided by L′, the (constant) profile projected length. It also bears a direct relationship to R S , the surface roughness parameter, which is defined by the surface area S divided by its projected area, A′ ( Ref 5 ). Although R S is the quantity sought because it gives the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... reflectivity, such parts as bearings, plated surfaces, and highly polished or ground objects require special lighting techniques. It is recommended that they be entirely encircled by a cone of cylinder of tracing paper to diffuse incident light ( Fig. 18 ). This tent is translucent and can be illuminated by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... is used for babbitting of flat surfaces (thrust plates or pads, etc.) and journal bearings. The latter may not lend themselves to centrifugal casting because of odd shapes, equipment requirements, or tooling costs. Static babbitting requires a babbitting mandrel to form the babbitt in the bearing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-element bearings, are applicable when: Maximum temperatures are of the order of 120 to 150 °C (250 to 300 °F), although brief excursions to 175 °C (350 °F) may be tolerated. Minimum ambient temperatures are about −50 °C (−60 °F). The contact surfaces are lubricated with such materials as oil...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Copper alloy castings are used in applications that require superior corrosion resistance, high thermal or electrical conductivity, good bearing surface qualities, or other special properties. Discussing the types and compositions of copper alloy used for casting, this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... techniques are adequate for these purposes. There is growing recognition that the average roughness of a surface may not be an adequate characterization of its fitness for service, and that other parameters, such as bearing area, peak-to-valley, skewness, and kurtosis, may need to be specified. Areas of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... finishing processes Media to part ratio, by volume Commercial application 0:1 No media, part-on-part, used for beating off burrs, no media for cutting, sometimes suitable for burnishing 1:1 Equal volumes of media and parts, forgings, and castings; crude, very rough surfaces 2:1 More...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... or reaction force is parallel to the direction of the shaft axis. Both radial and axial loads can be accommodated by flange bearings, which are journal bearings constructed with one or two integral thrust bearing surfaces. The sliding movement of the shaft surface or thrust-collar surface relative to...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Metal surfaces must often be cleaned before subsequent operations to remove unwanted substances such as pigmented drawing compounds, unpigmented oil and grease, chips and cutting fluids, polishing and buffing compounds, rust and scale, and miscellaneous contaminants. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... brief discussion on coatings to improve surface-initiated fatigue and wear is included, due to the similarity to RCF and the increasing criticality of this failure mode. The article presents a working knowledge of Hertzian contact theory, describes the life prediction of rolling-element bearings, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... parts, through-transmission breast imaging system, inspection of welds in thick materials, and inspection of sleeve-bearing stock. It describes the basic system for liquid-surface acoustical holography and scanning acoustical holography. A comparison between these techniques is also provided...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fillet of the No. 2 main-bearing journal, which was chromium plated. Fig. 349 : ∼1.7 ×. Fig. 350 : ∼1.3× Surfaces of three fatigue fractures in crankshafts the same as that in Fig. 348 ; in each of these crankshafts, however, fracture progressed through a plated connecting-rod journal, rather than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... affecting cadmium use have been promulgated in the United States and in Western Europe. These regulations have increased the costs associated with cadmium coating application and cadmium-bearing waste disposal, creating economic incentives for industrial users to seek cadmium plating replacements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Passivation; pickling, that is, acid descaling; electropolishing; and mechanical cleaning are important surface treatments for the successful performance of stainless steel used for piping, pressure vessels, tanks, and machined parts in a wide variety of applications. This article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., and nontoxic coating for food equipment, a bonding layer for babbitted bearings, or a precoated surface for soldering. Surface preparation is particularly important, and when maximum adherence is desired, such as when tinning is used to prepare a casting for the application of babbitt, electrolytic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), commonly known as “Superfund,” was passed into law. It established a program to identify sites where hazardous materials are released into the environment and ensure that they are cleaned up by responsible parties. What has more bearing on surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... (electrical steels). This article provides a detailed discussion on the various surface treatments, including cleaning, nitriding, carburizing, coating, and plating, performed on specialty steels. carburizing case hardening cleaning coating corrosion resistance deburring electrical steels ferrous...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article discusses surface engineering of nonferrous metals including aluminum and aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, magnesium alloys, nickel and nickel alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, zirconium and hafnium, zinc alloys, and refractory metals and alloys. It describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
... Abstract Titanium and its alloys have been used extensively in a wide variety of implant applications, such as artificial heart pumps, pacemaker cases, heart valve parts, and load-bearing bone or hip joint replacements or bone splints. This article discusses the properties of titanium and its...