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bearing steels

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Rolling-element bearings, whether ball bearings or roller bearings with spherical, straight, or tapered rollers, are fabricated from a wide variety of steels. This article discusses the production process, characteristics, nominal compositions, and types of bearing steels. These...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract Porcelain enamels are glass coatings applied primarily to products or parts made of sheet steel, cast iron, and aluminum to improve appearance and to protect the metal surface. This article describes the types of porcelain enamels, and details enamel frits for these materials. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... tempering of steel components in order to optimize tribological properties. It focuses on the heat treatment of tempering and bearing steels and on volume changes that take place due to phase transformations. Plastic deformations that occur due to shrinking and phase transformation are also discussed. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., sulfide stress-corrosion failure, stress-corrosion cracking, and hitch post shaft failure of these steels. The components considered in the article include tail-rotor drive-pinion shafts, pinion gears, outboard-motor crankshafts, bull gears, diesel engine bearing cap bolts, splined shafts, aircraft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... and antimony and, in some cases, arsenic). In the babbitting process, the relatively soft bearing material (babbitt) is bonded to a stronger supporting base metal, typically mild steel, cast iron, or bronze. The base metal may be in the form of mild steel strip unwound from a coil, a half-round mild...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article presents a detailed account on the process flow, composition, alternative sources, and the advancement of ironmaking, steelmaking and secondary steelmaking practices. Some steels, such as bearing steels, heat-resistant steels, ultrahigh strength missile and aircraft steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Table 2 compares carbon steel with copper-bearing steel and proprietary HSLA steels of the ASTM types A 242, A 588, A 514, and A 517 in various rural, industrial, and marine environments. A significant improvement in performance has been achieved by all of the high-strength low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... copper-bearing steels that came into use early in the 20th century. Steels of that time were made exclusively from iron ore that contained less than approximately 0.02% Cu. It was first reported ( Ref 1 ) in 1900 that when exposed to the weather, some copper-containing irons and steels corroded more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... soils is presented in Fig. 12(a) and 12(b) . It is evident that factors such as soil pH, resistivity, degree of aeration, and level of acidity have more bearing on the severity of corrosion encountered than the alloy content of the steel. In some cases, increasing alloy content has a beneficial...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... quality Pressure vessel quality Structural quality Aircraft physical quality Hot-rolled alloy steel bars Regular quality Aircraft quality or steel subject to magnetic particle inspection Axle shaft quality Bearing quality Cold-heading quality Special cold-heading quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of medium-carbon steels and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the torsional-fatigue fracture, cup and cone tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., 0.92, 0.95, 1.00, and 1.05 Chromium (bearing) steels 50 xxx Cr 0.50 C 1.00 min 51 xxx Cr 1.02 52 xxx Cr 1.45 Chromium-vanadium steels 61 xx Cr 0.60, 0.80, and 0.95; V 0.10 and 0.15 min Tungsten-chromium steel 72 xx W 1.75; Cr 0.75 Silicon-manganese steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... formed (this is particularly true for boiling HNO 3 ), but for weakly oxidizing environments and reducing environments, molybdenum-bearing alloys are generally superior. Alloy CF-16F is a selenium-bearing free-machining grade of cast stainless steel. Because CF-16F nominally contains 19% Cr and 10% Ni...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... attack. Recently, 2 1 4 Cr-1Mo and 3Cr-1Mo steels with vanadium additions have been commercially developed for high-temperature pressure vessels and piping. The vanadium-bearing steels have better strength and are more resistant to hydrogen attack than steels without vanadium additions. The...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Cast stainless steels are widely used for their corrosion resistance in aqueous media at or near room temperature and for service in hot gases and liquids at elevated temperatures. This article provides a comparison between cast and wrought stainless steels in terms of composition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000612
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... Abstract This article is an atlas of fractographs that helps in understanding the causes and mechanisms of fracture of precipitation-hardening stainless steels and in identifying and interpreting the morphology of fracture surfaces. The fractographs illustrate the cup-and-cone tension-overload...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...-hardenable alloys are noted for good toughness at high strength levels, making it undesirable to add a free-machining agent, which would degrade toughness. Table 1 Available free-machining stainless steel grades Non-free-machining alloys Related free-machining alloys Selenium-bearing Sulfur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-bearing product gas. The photomontage of the failed region of the stainless steel pipe reveals numerous intergranular, highly branched cracks originating at the inner surface (at left) of the pipe. Other metallographic work revealed that this region had been moderately sensitized due to the combined...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... 4.0 … 1.85 0.1 … (a) All grades contain no more than 0.03% C. (b) Some producers use a combination of 4.8% Mo and 1.4% Ti, nominal. (c) Contains 5% Cr A number of cobalt-free maraging steels and a low-cobalt bearing maraging steel have recently been developed. The driving...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... treatment. Because of these disadvantages, more than 0.60% carbon is seldom used in steels for machine parts, except for springs and bearings, and steels with 0.50 to 0.60% carbon are used less frequently than those containing less than 0.5%. Figure 5 shows the differences between minimum...