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beam-bending methods

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the evaluation of mechanical properties of freestanding films and films adherent to their substrates. Common methods of testing freestanding films, including uniaxial tensile testing, uniaxial creep testing, biaxial testing, and beam-bending methods...
Book Chapter

By Eugene Shapiro
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... (4.4) 10 1.3 (11.6) 0.8 (6.8) 12 1.6 (14.0) 0.9 (8.8) 15 1.9 (16.8) 1.4 (12.4) 18 2.2 (19.6) 1.8 (16.0) 21 2.5 (22.0) 2.2 (19.6) 24 2.7 (24.0) 2.6 (23.2) 25 2.8 (24.8) 2.75 (24.4) Note: Obtained by cantilever beam bend testing. Span length, L , is 50.8 mm (2.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... techniques used on ceramics and CMCs: single edge notch bending, compact tension, double cantilever beam testing, chevron notch methods, and double torsion. It presents descriptions organized by their specimen types, and includes the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the experimental control schemes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Fig. 1 Honeycomb sandwich construction Fig. 15 A curved sandwich beam subjected to pure bending. A positive moment puts tension in the fiber furthest from the center of the curvature. Locations through the thickness of the beam are measured from the centroid, the positive direction being...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... I z where I z is the area moment of inertia of the cross section about the z -axis, which is coincident on the centroidal axis. Elastic analysis of bending deformation can be performed by simple-beam theory ( Ref 3 ), elasticity solutions, and numerical methods such as the finite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... embrittlement is found in types 410 and 17-4PH stainless steel and AISI type 4340 steel. Cantilever Beam Test Wedge-Opening Load Test Contoured Double-Cantilever Beam Test Three-Point and Four-Point Bend Tests Rising Step-Load Test Disk-Pressure Testing Method Slow Strain-Rate Tensile Test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Formed by Bending , Exp. Mech. , Vol 19 , 1979 , p 371 – 377 10.1007/BF02324252 Elastic analysis of bending deformation can be performed by simple-beam theory ( Ref 1 ), elasticity solutions, and numerical methods such as the finite-difference and finite-element methods ( Ref 2 ). Generally...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... information on the cantilever beam test, wedge-opening load test, contoured double-cantilever beam test, three-point and four-point bend tests, rising step-load test, disk-pressure test, slow strain-rate tensile test, and potentiostatic slow strain-rate tensile test for hydrogen embrittlement. constant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... Resistance spot and seam welds are typically made on lap joints. Other weldments are appropriate for friction, laser-beam, electron-beam, and stud welding, or for surfacing weld deposits. The thickness of test weldments should be selected after considering the thickness of materials used in actual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... stresses in a curved laminate. (a) The force couples (– P , + P ) act on the curved laminate. (b) The radial stresses (σ r ) must balance the vertical components of these loads. Fig. 8 Laminated beam in three-point bending. (a) Load diagram. (b) Shear diagram Fig. 11 Skin-to-structure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... Wedge-Opening Load (WOL) Test Contoured Double-Cantilever Beam (DCB) Test Three-Point and Four-Point Bend Tests Rising Step-Load Test Disk-Pressure Testing Method Slow Strain Rate Tensile Tests Potentiostatic Slow Strain Rate Tensile Testing The phenomenon of hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
...: Resistance spot and seam welds are typically made on lap joints. Other test weldments are appropriate for friction, laser beam, electron beam, and stud welding or for cladding and surfacing weld deposits. The thickness of test weldments should be selected after considering the thickness of materials used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... metallurgical effect, and to do it as rapidly as possible will generate the maximum amount of bending for each thermal scan ( Ref 9 ). With a laser beam, this refers to the laser power, beam spot size, rate of travel over the workpiece surface, and the efficacy of the coupling medium on the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... and mode II; C, pure mode II Fig. 4 Test specimens for determining G c . (a) Mode I, double-cantilever beam (DCB). (b) Mixed mode I and mode II, mixed-mode bending (MMB). (c) Pure mode II, end notch flexure (ENF) Fig. 5 Experimental techniques to obtain a strain energy release...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... distortions of a quadrilateral element, namely aspect ratio, skew , and taper. (In three dimensions, one would add the possibility of element warp. ) Fig. 4 Displacement contours for a cantilever beam under bending load, peak displacement 0.9324 mm Fig. 5 Displacement contours...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
..., and selection charts to select materials. beam material property charts material selection performance indices ANY ENGINEERING COMPONENT has one or more functions: to carry bending moments, to contain a pressure, to transmit heat, and so forth. In designing the component, the designer has...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stresses and the planes on which they act is described. Separation of the stress tensor into hydrostatic and deviatoric components also is examined. The method or tools of stress analysis may vary. In some instances of simple geometry and loading, stress analysis is performed by hand with well-known...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... is the failure shear strength of the material at failure. This value may be the shear yield strength, τ o , or the ultimate shear strength, τ u . Similarly, in bending, the maximum normal stress, σ max , occurs at z = H /2 (where H is the thickness of a symmetrical beam) and must satisfy the design...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and deviatoric components also is examined. The method or tools of stress analysis may vary. In some instances of simple geometry and loading, stress analysis is performed by hand with well-known formulae. In other cases the material may not behave linearly, the geometry and/or loading may be complex...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... by aging. Strip Bend fatigue testing of strip was performed in conformance with the ASTM B 593 standard method for copper alloy spring materials. This method employs a fixed-cantilever, constant-deflection machine. The tapered test sample is held as a cantilever beam in a clamp at one end...