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axle shafts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... ksi). Q&T, quenched and tempered Fig. 1 Common types of automotive and truck axle shafts Abstract Abstract This article describes the common types of automotive and truck axle shafts. It provides information on steels used for induction-hardened shafts, and on the manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... tensile fracture, brittle fracture, and in-service rotary bending fatigue fracture of fractured roof-truss angles, pressure-vessel shells, automotive axle shafts, broken keyed spindles, crane gears, blooming-mill spindles, automotive bolts, and crane wheels of these steels. axle shafts brittle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...× Fig. 17 (a) Microstructure of failed axle shaft, location A, transverse direction. (b) Microstructure of failed axle shaft, location B, transverse direction. (c) Microstructure of failed axle shaft at fracture location, longitudinal direction. (d) Microstructure of failed axle shaft at spline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Fig. 4 Modern roll forging machine Fig. 7 Contours in a typical set of flat-back segmental dies used to forge the workpiece shown Fig. 8 Roll forging operation using multiple passes Fig. 9 Manual operation of roll forging Fig. 10 Forging of an axle shaft...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Fig. 2 Forging inaccuracy due to variation in the lateral positioning of the dies Fig. 1 Variation in thickness due to imprecise die movement (closure tolerance) Fig. 5 Spur gear forgings made by precision flashless forging Fig. 6 Axle shafts made by upsetter forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005873
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...) 100Cr6. Source: Ref 39 Fig. 51 Bending-crack stresses in 10 mm (0.4 in.) diameter specimens of induction-hardened steels. (a) Cf53. (b) 50CrMo4. (c) Ck67. (d) 100Cr6. Source: Ref 39 Fig. 32 Torsional test data for an induction-hardened semifloat axle shaft made from SAE 1038 steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001014
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Axle Shaft Quality Cold-Shearing Quality Structural Quality Additional Qualities Microalloyed Steel Bars Grades Sizes Regular Quality Axle Shaft Quality Ball and Roller Bearing Quality and Bearing Quality Cold-Shearing Quality Cold-Working Quality Aircraft Quality...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.9781627081672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
Book Chapter

By Lance A. Ealey
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Resources/Kraus and American Supplier Institute , 1992 Quality, according to the traditional American manufacturing interpretation, is inexact. Imagine that engineers at a company making axle shafts come up with two tolerance limits, one upper and one lower, for a critical seal fit. If the axle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005882
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
...Process schedule for induction scan hardening axle shaft Table 1 Process schedule for induction scan hardening axle shaft Step Time period, s Scan speed, mm/s Power, kW Spray quench 1(dwell) 9 … 36.5 No 2 1.5 15 23.9 No 3 6 8 35.4 Yes 4 99 8 35.4 Yes 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... temperatures is used. However, when normalizing is the final heat treatment, use is made of the lower range of temperatures. Furnaces Processing Axle-Shaft Forging Low-Carbon Steel Forgings Structural Stability Multiple Normalizing Treatments Frequently, the finishing stages of hot-mill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... sleeves, automotive bolts, hydraulic jack shafts, crank handle collars, boiler tubes, drive shafts, bicycle pedal axles, lift-truck hydraulic-piston rods, and steel springs. boilers delayed fracture fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractograph impact fracture intergranular fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... of a magnetic flux concentrator and a Faraday ring (also called a robber ring) on coil field distribution. Source: Ref 32 Fig. 21 Entire length of an automotive axle shaft hardened at one time in a single-shot induction-hardening machine to reduce cycle time. Courtesy of Inductoheat, Inc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... was selected with case depths to improve cyclical fatigue strength; the parameters are listed in Table 1 . Deep-case axle-hardening parameters Table 1 Deep-case axle-hardening parameters Parameter Value Shaft diameter 35 mm (1.37 in.) Case depths 2, 3.5, and 5 mm (0.07, 0.13, and 0.19...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... at 11 32 3140, 4135, 4640, 5145, 8640, 8737, 9445 1 45 Center Not recommended 45 at 6 16 3140, 4135, 5147, 8640, 8737, 9445 Axle shafts 302 to 340 Bhn (HRC 32 to 36.6) 1 1 4 45 1 2 -radius 45 at 3 16 1332, 3130, 4132, 5135...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
.... Certain extruded components, such as axle shafts, are considered critical for safe operation of the vehicle and must be free of defects. During the mid-1960s, automotive companies encountered severe axle-shaft breakage problems. In addition to the obvious visible external defects, internal chevron cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., and Axle Shafts , Handbook of Induction Heating , Marcel Dekker , New York , 2003 , p 278 – 300 . 5. Rudnev V. et al. , Gear Hardening , Handbook of Induction Heating , Marcel Dekker , New York , 2003 , p 303 – 328 6. Haimbaugh R. , Applications of Induction Heat...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Regular Quality Cold-Heading Quality Special Cold-Heading Quality Axle Shaft Quality Ball and Roller Bearing Quality and Bearing Quality Aircraft Quality and Magnaflux Quality Other Alloy Steel Qualities Cleaning and Coating Heat Treatments Commonly Applied to Steel Wire Rod...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... depth for the process is also plotted. Courtesy of Caterpillar Inc. Fig. 20 Plot of axle-shaft correlation data for destructive and nondestructive case-depth measurements. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 1 Variation in hardness with distance below surface for a carburized and hardened 8620H...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0