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axial cracks

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... interaction, and thermomechanical fatigue. The effects of various variables on fatigue resistance and guidelines for fatigue testing are also presented. crack initiation specimen design specimen preparation crack initiation testing apparatus axial fatigue testing machines bending fatigue machines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... of tubing with a brittle zone near the OD indicative of sulfide SCC Abstract Abstract This article provides information on fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth of structural steels. It describes fatigue life behavior in terms of unnotched fatigue limits, notch effects, axial strain-life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
...; a pipe; or a pressure vessel) that is subjected to axial loads (i.e., uniform tension, bending, or both). Through-the-Thickness Crack Part-Through Crack Axial Cracks in Cylinder Crack in Pressurized Sphere When β is a function of more than one variable, it is desirable to separate the β...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Fig. 10 Plot of variation of fracture strength as a function of strain rate for aluminum nitride (AIN) ceramic. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 11 Schematic of crack growth from preexisting flaws under (a) static and (b) dynamic uniaxial compressive loads Fig. 12 Micrograph of axial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of the intricate details of many competing failure modes to obtain optimum minimum-weight gearsets. American Gear Manufacturers Association (AGMA) classified over 40 modes of gear failure under broad categories of wear, scuffing, plastic deformation, Hertzian fatigue, cracking, fracture, and bending fatigue in its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... growth data from the composite. The solid symbols are the composite crack growth data assuming no fiber bridging. The open symbol data are corrected for bridging, assuming the indicated shear stresses. Source: Ref 54 Fig. 30 Axial stress in the 0° fiber next to the hole as a function...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Forced assembly; overloaded or insufficient lubrication Eccentric pitting on raceway of thrust bearing Eccentric mounting or loading Cracking and Fracturing Cracks through ring Fit too tight; nonuniform seating surface; deformation or ovality of housing; rotational creep or fretting Axial...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
..., which should be avoided or minimized in thick-wall castings. Cooling rate can affect the microstructure, casting hardness, circumferential and axial cracks, machine productivity, as well as mold life. In most cases, the early cooling rate of the castings is mainly controlled by the coating thickness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... “mavericks.” (b) A, axial; B, bending; AB, deep section loaded under bending but stress at hot-spot pseudoaxial. (c) R = 0, S y <50. (d) Resulting from standardizing the databank Essential differences between fatigue crack initiation sites Table 5 Essential differences between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0009219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... of conditions. The objective of a typical fatigue testing program is to characterize the fatigue resistance of a material under one or more conditions and at one or more stress or strain levels. Simple unnotched axial fatigue specimens and test methods have been standardized for this purpose ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009008
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Fig. 1 Circumferential tension and axial compression stresses at the equator of an upset cylinder Fig. 8 Fracture loci in cylindrical upset-test specimens of two materials Fig. 11 Comparison of strain paths and fracture locus lines Fig. 9 Fracture loci...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... construction showing instability conditions in tension testing (due to decreasing work-hardening rate) and in compression testing (due to work softening) Fig. 7 Compression tests on 2024-T35 aluminum alloy. Left, undeformed specimen; center, compression with friction (cracked); right, compression...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002368
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... list some references that address some of these factors for mechanically fastened joints. Crack Growth from Holes Life Extension Axially Loaded Round Bars Bending in Round Bars Fasteners The principal design fracture of a bolt is the threaded section, which establishes a notch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
...Abstract Abstract Triaxial Hopkinson techniques can be used to simultaneously subject a sample to axial and lateral compressions. The lateral compression may be applied through a pneumatic pressure vessel or dynamically using a special Hopkinson technique. This article reviews these two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... of deformation behavior and concludes with a discussion on lifetime analysis based on a strain approach. crack propagation deformation fatigue failure fatigue resistance fatigue strength high-cycle fatigue low-cycle fatigue multiaxial fatigue stress concentration tensile strength FATIGUE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... in Crack Propagation Studies , J. Test Eval. , Vol 9 , 1981 , p 65 – 81 10.1520/JTE11646J 52. Dowling N.E. , Crack Growth During Low Cycle Fatigue of Smooth Axial Specimens , Cyclic Stress-Strain and Plastic Deformation Aspects of Fatigue Crack Growth , STP 637, American Society...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article describes concepts and tools that can be used by the failure analyst to understand and address deformation, cracking, or fracture after a stress-related failure has occurred. Issues related to the determination and use of stress are detailed. Stress is defined...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the underlying fundamentals, applications, the relevance and necessity of performing proper stress analysis in conducting a failure analysis. It presents an introduction to the stress analysis of bodies containing crack-like imperfections and the topic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... … 96.53 82.74 11 Fig. 7 Effect of loading direction, weld-bead removal, and filler metal on axial fatigue ( R = 0) of single-V butt welds in 5086-H32. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 8 Influence of edge preparation on axial fatigue ( R = 0) of transverse butt welds in 5083-H113 plate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006438
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
..., performance enhancement, end-of-life prediction, quality control, etc.) The type(s) of flaws or material characteristics of interest (fatigue cracks, stress-corrosion cracks, creep, pitting, erosion, embrittlement, wear, planer cracks/voids, transverse/axial cracks, color variation, density, resonant...