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avrami model

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... methodologies. These include JMAK (Avrami) models, topological models, and mesoscale physics-based models. microstructure evolution thermomechanical processing nickel-base superalloys avrami model topological model mesoscale physics-based model THE MODELING OF MICROSTRUCTURE EVOLUTION during the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... dynamic recrystallization (DDRX). The article discusses the assumptions and simplifications for the Avrami analysis. It describes the effects of nucleation and growth rates on recrystallization kinetics and recrystallized grain size based on the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov model for static...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... solidification microstructure of cast iron. Analytical as well as numerical models describing solidification phenomena at both macroscopic and microscopic scales are presented. The article introduces macroscopic transport equations and presents analytical microscopic models for solidification. These models...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... example, work in the first half of the 20th century led to engineering (phenomenological) models of: Deformation and strain hardening, such as Schmid's law and the Hollomon equation Kinetics of recrystallization (such as the Avrami equation), grain growth (such as the Beck equation), and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article presents the background to the CALculation of PHAse Diagrams (CALPHAD) method, explaining how it works, and how it can be applied in industrial practice. The extension of CALPHAD methods as a core basis for the modeling of generalized material properties is explored. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Abstract This article focuses on the general internal state variable method, and its simplification, for single-parameter models, in which the microstructure evolution may be treated as an isokinetic reaction. It explains that isokinetic microstructure models are applied to diffusional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article provides information on the boundary conditions that must be applied to model the heat-transfer coefficient (HTC) in a component being cooled. It describes the historical perspective of various experiments to determine the HTCs. Computational fluid dynamics codes have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kologoromov model, which is then coupled with a thermal model for laser near-net shaping of Ti-6Al-4V alloys. Using this thermal-microstructure model, Kelly described the microstructure evolution as a function of the heating and cooling cycle. This model was used to describe the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract The modeling and simulation of texture evolution for titanium alloys is often tightly coupled to microstructure evolution. This article focuses on a number of problems for titanium alloys in which such coupling is critical in the development of quantitative models. It discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... developing models for static, dynamic, and metadynamic recrystallization kinetics as functions of the processing conditions and the existing microstructure. Several models for recrystallization kinetics have been developed based on the well-known Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov (JMAK) equation: (Eq 6) X...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... steady-state nucleation rate incubation time homogeneous phase cluster condensation evaporation rate cluster dynamics nucleation modeling precipitate size distribution NUCLEATION is the onset of a first-order phase transition by which a metastable phase transforms into a more stable one. Such...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
..., distributing nuclei of recrystallized grains, growing the recrystallized grains, and updating the dislocation density. The article concludes with information on the developments in CA simulations. cellular automaton model static recrystallization dynamic recrystallization microstructure dislocation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... Abstract This article provides an overview of integrated weld modeling and presents strategic goals for the welding industry. It discusses the fundamentals of the underlying physics and the methodologies to solve the same. The article presents the pioneering work done to predict the heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... without going into dislocation theory. The article discusses modeling of hardness in cast iron based on a regular solution equation in which the properties of each phase depend on chemical composition and coarseness. It describes the evaluation of material parameters from the tensile stress-strain curve...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... that U RV = 200 kJ/mol. The recrystallization model is an extension of the classical Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov approach, treating recrystallization as a nucleation and growth process: (Eq 7) X ˙ = ( 1 − X ( t ) ) ⋅ N ( t ) ⋅ 4 π ⋅ r ( t ) 2 ⋅ G ( t...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
.... , Quelennec X. et al. , The Avrami Kinetics of Dynamic Recrystallization , 2009 71. Estrin Y. , Dislocation-Density-Related Constitutive Modeling , Unified Constitutive Laws of Plastic Deformation , Krausz A.S. and San Diego K.K. , Ed., Academic Press , 1996 , p 69 – 106...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06a.a0005604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-174-0
... calculation of phenomena in the direct vicinity of the weld pool, such as cracking behavior. With the current state-of-the-art in commercially available welding simulation software, various tasks can already be modeled not only in a research environment but also with industry-related applications ( Ref 1 , 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0009002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... working and key processes that control microstructure evolution: dynamic recovery, static recovery, recrystallization, and grain growth. Some of the key phenomenological descriptions of plastic flow and microstructure evolution are also summarized. The article concludes with a discussion on the modeling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22a.a0005409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-196-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the modeling of microstructure evolution during thermomechanical processing in the two-phase field for alpha/beta and beta titanium alloys. It also discusses the mechanisms of spheroidization, the coarsening, particle growth, and phase decomposition in titanium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... increasing the total strain or strain rate. Increasing the temperature or hold time tends to increase the meta-dynamic or statically recrystallized grain size. The following is a description of a model of classical Mehl-Johnson-Avrami basis for dynamic and static recrystallization ( Ref 7 , 8 ). The...