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automotive gears

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... PM gear production process. CIP, cold isostatic pressing; HIP, hot isostatic pressing Powder metallurgy gears are used in various applications for appliances, office machines, machinery, machine tools, and automotive products. The PM process offers various advantages over...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005987
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... nitriding process modeling steel through hardening GEARS ENABLE MOTION through power transfer in key sectors, including automotive, aerospace, marine, off-highway, and industrial applications. The gear manufacturing industry is estimated to be worth more than $45 billion, 75% of which is accounted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... gear oils are −7 °C (+20 °F), whereas synthetic gear lubricants have significantly lower pour points of about −40 °C (−40 °F). Pour point depressants are used to tailor pour points of mineral lubricants for automotive hypoid gears to be as low as −40 °C. The pitch line speed of the gears is a good...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract Mechanical tests are performed to evaluate the durability of gears under load. Gear tooth failures occur in two distinct regions, namely, the tooth flank and the root fillet. This article describes the common failure modes such as scoring, wear, and pitting, on tooth flanks. Failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
.... In the past there was a commonly accepted belief that certain type of gears and pinions are not well suited for induction hardening due to their geometric complexity. Hypoid and bevel gears, spiral bevel automotive and commercial pinions, as well as noncircular gears were typically carburized and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... rings and torque converters. automotive coatings cast iron cold spray connecting rod bearings cylinder liners exhaust system oxygen sensors piston rings scuffing resistance synchronizer rings thermal spray coating torque converters turbochargers wear resistance SINCE THE MID-1960s...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003484
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... driveshafts pistons cylinder liners valves pushrods connecting rods METAL-MATRIX COMPOSITES (MMCs) have been used commercially in the automotive market for nearly 20 years. Properties of interest to the automotive engineer include increased specific stiffness, wear resistance, and improved high-cycle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003474
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article discusses the advantages of polymer matrix composite for automotive application in terms of design drivers, noise, vibration, harshness efficiency, process materials property constraints, safety and reliability, design optimization, structural and appearance requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
.... (a) Bobbins. (b) Camshaft pulley. (c) Hydrant cover secure. (d) Safety cam for knife. (e) Optical instrument mount. (f) Support cover (military). (g) Intravenous instrument latch. (h) Clamshell bicycle rack part. (i) Bevel gear allied sinterings Fig. 6 Examples of automotive exhaust flanges...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... Abstract This article discusses the different classes of gears, namely, spur, helical, herringbone, crossed-axes helical, worm, internal, rack, bevel, or face-type. It describes the methods used to cut the teeth of gears other than bevel gears: milling, broaching, shear cutting, hobbing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... Herentals N.V. Fig. 14 Cutoff accuracy (volume control) demonstrated for two parts. (a) 50 consecutive blanks taken off a four-die, 4000 kN (450 tonf) cold former making gear blanks at a rate of 115 pieces/min. Average mass is 72.71 g (2.56 oz) with a maximum variation of 0.12 g (0.004 oz). (b) 55...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... fracture, brittle fracture, and in-service rotary bending fatigue fracture of fractured roof-truss angles, pressure-vessel shells, automotive axle shafts, broken keyed spindles, crane gears, blooming-mill spindles, automotive bolts, and crane wheels of these steels. axle shafts brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...-welding applications, including chain links, transmission bands, automotive flywheel ring gears, aircraft landing gear, band-saw blades, and crankshaft counter weights. It describes the components of a typical flash-welding machine. The article provides information on the electrical controls of flash...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... emerging technologies. The article introduces automotive lubricant development activities and the foundation of future automotive engine-lubricant trends. It discusses how emerging powertrain technology impacts future automotive lubricant and technology requirements, focusing on the effects of engine oils...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Induction hardening of geared parts used in aeronautic and aerospace industry is an important technology because of its one-piece flow, repeatability, energy efficiency, and tighter control of surface distortion than conventional carburizing. This article describes the requirements and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
...-embrittlement fracture, fatigue crack propagation, and corrosion fatigue of components made from high-carbon steels. The high-carbon steel components include bull gear, drive shaft, power boiler stoker grate, steel wheel, spring wire, suspension spring, automotive engine valve spring, power spring, cantilever...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... machining and in heat treating operations, there is a continuing trend toward the use of moderately alloyed steels, with content higher than the former range of 0.08 to 0.25%. For example, gears and other automotive parts are being made currently to withstand high stresses, by use of moderately alloyed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005739
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... application of WC/17Co coatings onto P3 landing gear components. The HCAT worked with a Society of Automotive and Aerospace Engineers aerospace committee to develop and issue specifications for the WC/17Co and WC/10Co4Cr powder, the application of the coatings, and the grinding of the coatings. These...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005341
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... electrical conductivity measurements. This article summarizes the application of these nondestructive tests to castings. It also tabulates a partial list of automotive part types and materials amenable to PCRT and lists the potential limitations to the use of PCRT. castings automotive parts eddy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
... molding net shape 17-4 PH stainless steel articulation gear used in a surgical stapling unit. Metal injection molding resulted in a 70% cost savings over machining the gear from bar stock. Courtesy of MPIF Fig. 5 Metal injection molding 17-4 PH stainless steel helical gear and scissor blades...