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autoclave system

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Published: 01 November 1995
Fig. 2 Autoclave system. Courtesy of Beech Aircraft More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and functions of an autoclave system, including pressure vessel, gas stream heating and circulation sources, gas stream pressurizing systems, vacuum systems, control systems, and loading systems. The article includes information about modified autoclaves for specialized applications and safety practices...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
.... It presents a discussion on the major elements of an autoclave system, namely, pressure vessel, gas stream heating and circulation sources, gas stream pressurizing systems, loading systems, and vacuum systems. The article describes a computerized approach to the simultaneous control of materials reaction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... provides a discussion on the design considerations, instructions, and materials for repair. It explains various paint-removal methods for composites. The article concludes with a discussion on curing equipment such as portable repair systems, vacuum bags, and ovens and autoclaves. autoclaves...
Image
Published: 30 September 2015
Fig. 4 Simplified schematic of a HIP system. The load to be processed is contained within a multizone furnace contained within a pressure vessel. The HIP unit, sometimes called an autoclave, is tied to a gas pressurization system, vacuum pump, cooling water, and furnace power source. Source More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... with nonflaking, easily cleaned material, such as plastic, paint, or vinyl tile. Walls and ceilings are covered with a high gloss or semigloss enamel. Autoclaves, ovens, and vacuum system equipment are generally not in the controlled area, but if so the outlets from this equipment are vented to the outside...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
.... There is currently a need to advance the science of ultrasonic NDE to improve the inspectability of a large variety of material systems and to interpret inspection results reliably and effectively. This requires the use of automated inspection data gathering techniques with built-in decision-making capabilities...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... the resin selection in designing the composite for use in a particular application. The article illustrates the various methods that are used to process a composite component, namely, wet lay-up, autoclave, resin transfer molding, and vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding. It provides a discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... on composite cure tooling that is fabricated from steel, aluminum, or high-temperature composite materials. The quality assurance for commercial applications is reviewed. The article concludes with a discussion on data fusion systems designed to provide nondestructive analysis data from fabrication...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... commonly used are ovens (gas-fired or electric), autoclaves, and microwave ovens. Most epoxy resin systems are cured in gas-fired ovens heated with either air or inert gas, without supplemental pressure. Recently, the use of vacuum bags and bleeder cloths has been implemented by some manufacturers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
..., sensing, and then control. Good models must be available for the parts, materials, tooling, and processes before one can hope to generate a recipe or build a control system. Fortunately, composites manufacturers know how to make good models of all these and simply need to tie them together and learn how...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... An autoclave is a complex pressure vessel system that can impart vacuum, heat, and pressure to the part during thermoset resin cure. This process is explained fully in the article “Autoclave Molding” in this Handbook. Resin Types Polyesters and vinyl esters form the foremost family of resins used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... as an engineering material for high-performance structural applications. Because it has become the most widely used high-temperature polymer, most of the applications discussed in this article are representative examples of the use of fiber-reinforced PMR-15 polyimide. In addition, resin systems that compete...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
..., 30° specimen tilt, specimen sputter coated with gold, 1000× (The epoxy specimens shown in Fig. 1294 and 1295 were of Fiberite's 934 epoxy resin, which is one of the standard “state-of-the-art” 175 °C (350 °F) cure epoxy resin systems used in high-performance aerospace composites. The epoxy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003425
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... removal. Therefore, PUTPs almost always are processed in an autoclave where the heat can be precisely controlled and byproducts can be removed with a vacuum system. Postimpregnated thermoplastics usually are stacked constant thickness (possibly to shape) and consolidated in a manner so that the resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... are less susceptible to overvulcanization due to prolonged heating. For this reason, many synthetic rubber formulations display improved resistance to thermal exposure and heat aging. The four basic methods for vulcanizing or curing rubber linings are autoclave, internal steam, atmospheric steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... construction by at least one prepreg manufacturer. The prepreg surface ply is preferred in lieu of a surface coat with that system because it provides more uniform resin content with a higher fiber volume at the tool surface. Surface coat resins are generally not required for autoclave- cured tool laminates...
Book Chapter

By Te-Lin Yau
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
...-pressure, constant-volume pump; a preheater; a back-pressure controller; and an overpressure protection system. Fig. 4 An autoclave drawing showing common components Temperature stability is a critical requirement in conducting autoclave tests. Temperature may fluctuate due to the heater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be observed using optical microscopy. Furthermore, the intermingling of the different resin systems can be identified, which can help with the proper selection of materials and optimization of the processing parameters. Ultimately, this provides more insight into the composite system performance. To perform...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 19
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-193-1
... known as environmentally assisted cracking ( Fig. 4 ), a brief review of some fundamentals is useful. Not all aspects of environmentally assisted crack advance are identical in all cracking systems, but many interactions between mechanical loading and environmental exposure are common across...