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atomic absorption spectroscopy

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Abstract This article focuses on some of the factors pertinent to atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). It begins by describing the working principle, critical components, and construction of flame atomic absorption instrumentation. This is followed by sections discussing various types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 7
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v07.a0006126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-175-7
..., such as X-ray powder diffraction, inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy, and atomic fluorescence spectrometry, are also discussed. atomic absorption spectroscopy atomic fluorescence spectrometry Auger electron spectroscopy bulk analysis electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... characteristic of the local structure. Composition of adsorbed species, number, and separation distances of surface atoms Fourier transform infrared absorption spectroscopy (FTIR) The absorption of the infrared photons results in vibrational excitation that is characteristic of the surface molecules...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... spectrometer provides for lower detection limits, typically in the parts per billion range. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) operates on the same atomic principle as OES, but it measures the intensity of light absorbed by the liquid sample aspirated into a flame...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...” are the articles “ Optical Emission Spectroscopy ,” “Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy,” and “Infrared Spectroscopy,” to name a few. Each article begins with a summary of general uses, applications, limitations, sample requirements, and capabilities of related techniques, which is designed to give the reader...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Acronyms: Techniques APM atom probe microanalysis AAS atomic absorption spectrometry AEM analytical electron microscopy AES Auger electron spectroscopy; atomic emission spectrometry AFS atomic fluorescence spectrometry ATEM analytical transmission...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 1 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of glasses and ceramics. AAS, atomic absorption spectrometry; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy; EPMA, electron probe x-ray microanalysis; FTIR, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; IA, image analysis; IC, ion chromatography; ICP More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., namely, the continuum-source background correction and Zeeman background correction. It also provides a list of applications of conventional AAS equipment, which includes most of the types of samples brought to laboratories for elemental analyses. atomic absorption spectroscopy atomizers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... resolution. wavelengths or energies are preferentially phy based on differing degrees of adsorption absorbed, forming the basis of absorption of sample compounds onto a polar stationary analytical gap. The region between two elec- spectroscopy. phase. See also liquid-solid chromatography. trodes in which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Structure Ultraviolet/visible absorption spectroscopy is almost exclusively the spectroscopy of molecules dissolved in solvents (most atoms in the gas phase also absorb in this spectral region; however, this is the province of atomic absorption spectroscopy, as described in the article “Atomic...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 1 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of organic solids. AES: Auger electron spectroscopy; AFM: atomic force microscopy; COMB: high-temperature combustion; EFG: elemental and functional group analysis; EPMA: electron probe x-ray microanalysis; ESR: electron spin More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0005692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
..., and structure lacks crystalline periodicity; that copy and spark source mass spectrometry. molecules. is, the pattern of its constituent atoms or molecules does not repeat periodically in analytical line. In spectroscopy, the partic- absorptivity. A measure of radiant energy three dimensions. See also metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... emission spectroscopy, high-temperature combustion, and inert gas fusion. This is followed by a section on techniques for determining the atomic structure of crystals, namely X-ray diffraction, neutron diffraction, and electron diffraction. Types of electron microscopies most commonly used...
Image
Published: 15 December 2019
Fig. 1 Flow charts of common techniques for characterization of metals and alloys. AES: Auger electron spectroscopy; AFM: atomic force microscopy; COMB: high-temperature combustion; EDS: energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy; EFG: elemental and functional group analysis; EPMA: electron probe x More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006662
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... of the infrared wavelength. Techniques such as attenuated total reflectance, diffuse reflectance, specular reflectance, reflection-absorption spectroscopy, and photoacoustic spectroscopy have recently become more common. This article discusses the sampling techniques, applications, and the molecular structure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Abstract This article discusses the general principles, optical systems, and emission sources of optical emission spectroscopy for elemental analysis. Changes in the energy of the valence or outer shell electrons result in the atomic lines used in emission spectroscopy. Each possible...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... techniques of IR spectroscopy, namely, attenuated total reflectance spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy, emission spectroscopy, and photoacoustic spectroscopy, and chromatographic techniques. Explaining the qualitative analysis of IR spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... for atomic absorption spectroscopy to improve detection limits for these elements. A commercial hydride generator for ICP spectrometers is available. Solid-Sample Analysis The techniques for efficient, simple, and reliable introduction of solid samples into the plasma remain predominantly experimental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... and applications of EXAFS. extended X-ray absorption fine structure Overview Introduction X-ray absorption fine structure is a well-established technique providing reliable and useful information about the chemical and physical environment of the probe atom. It is somewhat less common than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
.... optical emission spectroscopy direct solids analysis Overview Introduction History Optical emission spectroscopic methods originated in experiments performed in the mid-1800s ( Ref 1 ), yet they remain some of the most useful and flexible means of performing elemental analysis. Free atoms...