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atom probe tomography

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... be used to generate 3D images. These include serial sectioning, focused ion beam tomography, atom probe tomography, and X-ray microtomography. Nine case studies are presented that represent the work of the various research groups currently working on 3D microscopy using serial sectioning and illustrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...-sensitive technique for single-layer atom detection and surface free-energy analysis White light interferometry, good for surface roughness analysis and three-dimensional contour determination of the surface Atom probe tomography Ellipsometry, mostly used for thin-film thickness measurement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... at 190 °C (375 °F). The alloy contained 0.01 wt% Sn, which forms the spherical nucleation sites marked by arrows ( Ref 146 ). (b) Atom probe tomography of a volume 78 × 78 × 363 nm 3 in an Al-3Cu-0.05Sn alloy aged for 1 h at 200 °C (390 °F). θ′ plates in three orientations appear as elongated or large...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Ref 70 Fig. 43 H-bar geometry for transmission electron microscope (TEM) sample preparation. FIB, focused ion beam. Inset image courtesy of Fibics Incorporated, Ottawa, Canada Fig. 45 Atom probe tomography sample-preparation workflow using the focused ion beam. See text...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... diffusion in the interface Atom probe tomography ( Ref 43 , 50 ) Understand the role of oxide dispersion during ultrasonic additive manufacturing Tensile properties of Al-6061 after heat treatment and hot isostatic pressing Table 3 Tensile properties of Al-6061 after heat treatment and hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.a0005504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
... milling (by either mechanical or ion beam methods); other sections of this article describe how these types of results can then be used in process and simulation modeling. Although there are a number of other very useful 3-D characterization techniques, such as x-ray tomography and 3-D atom probe...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4E
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04e.a0006262
EISBN: 978-1-62708-169-6
... , 35 , 36 , 37 ). More recently, small-angle x-ray scattering and atom probe tomography have further clarified both the changes in precipitate size and volume fraction as well as the local chemistry changes due to the partition of solute between matrix and precipitate ( Ref 38 ). The alloy...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
...-ray topography, two-dimensional X-ray radiography, and ultra-fast three-dimensional X-ray tomography. solidification microstructure solidification two-dimensional X-ray topography two-dimensional X-ray radiography in situ monitoring X-ray imaging synchrotron radiation ultra-fast three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Capabilities of computed tomography for nondestructive evaluation of composites Table 5 Capabilities of computed tomography for nondestructive evaluation of composites Evaluation parameter Computed tomography capability Material consolidation uniformity (mixture distribution), voiding, porosity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005962
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... 363 – 371 10.1007/BF02646386 78. Danoix F. , Bémont E. , Maugis P. , and Blavette D. , Atom Probe Tomography, Part I: Early Stages of Precipitation of NbC and NbN in Ferritic Steels , Adv. Eng. Mater. , Vol 8 , 2006 , p 1202 – 1205 10.1002/adem.200600225 79...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
.... Atom probe tomography indicated that precipitation-free austenitic phase transformation occurred at former martensitic grain boundaries. High concentrations of manganese were partitioned at the austenite-martensite interfaces. Due to its low mobility, high-manganese-concentration layers up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
...  Penetration X-ray transmission is limited by size, density, and atomic number of the part and by the available x-ray energy.  Size/shape Access to 360° around the part Fig. 37 Computed tomography image of a graphite/epoxy woven “J”-stiffener, showing ply condition and consolidation Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.9781627081900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... CT scans of a section acquired at different x-ray energies to evaluate the effective atomic number of the materials present. Fig. 6 Computed tomography image of a rock sample with oil and water. The lighter circular areas at the top and right are areas containing water, while the darker...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection involves viewing of a real-time image on a fluorescent screen or image-intensifier, the radiographic process is termed “real-time inspection.” When electronic, nonimaging instruments are used to measure the intensity of radiation, the process is termed “radiation gaging.” Tomography, a radiation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection involves viewing of a real-time image on a fluorescent screen or image-intensifier, the radiographic process is termed “real-time inspection.” When electronic, nonimaging instruments are used to measure the intensity of radiation, the process is termed “radiation gaging.” Tomography, a radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Conference Fig. 13 Schematic of coaxial probe laser that is triangulated to calculate the distance from deposition head to melt pool surface. Adapted from Ref 25 Fig. 2 Optical camera and flash lamps are installed in a standard laser powder-bed fusion system. Proximity sensors are used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...) denote dark particles confirmed by EDS in Fig. 42(c) to be iron-deficient and chromium-rich. Coordinated analysis by atom probe tomography confirmed increased carbon content for these chromium-rich particles. Results indicate that the presence of carbon provided an avenue for forming nanoscale chromium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Å 10 12 −10 16 atoms/cm 2 ; 1–10 at.% for low Z; 0–100 ppm for high Z 0.1–3.0 wt% 0.1% in concentration … Depth probed 5–100 Å ≤2000 Å 100 nm to 5 μm 0.02–1 μm Sample-dependent, μm to 10 nm A few μm to mm 2 μm; 20 μm with H + (2–30 nm resolution) … … 5–50 Å Lateral resolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006671
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... ● … … ● ● … … ● ● ● ● S … … S Electron probe x-ray microanalysis ● … … ● ● ● … ● … ● ● S S … ● Image analysis … … … … … … ● ● … … … … … … ● Ion chromatography D, N … … D, N D, N D, N D, N … … D, N D, N D, N … … … Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission...