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archaeological alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... on archaeological materials. It also presents case studies, with examples that illustrate situations where metallography has contributed to archaeometallurgical studies. archaeological alloys archaeometallurgist chemical analyses metallography microanalyses microstructure ARCHAEOMETALLURGY...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004142
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... products identified on archaeological tin and pewter, lead, iron alloys, silver alloys, and copper alloys. It also discusses the corrosion problems after excavation and the techniques followed by archaeological department for conserving metal artifacts. copper alloys corrosion environmental...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... effective. Relative humidity below 40% is an effective way of controlling bronze disease present on archaeological copper alloys that contain layers of reactive cuprous chloride. Bronze disease is essentially a process by which cuprous chloride, nantokite (CuCl), converts to one...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... metals, such as copper alloys, iron alloys, lead, zinc, and aluminum, used in outdoor artifacts are discussed. Finally, the article reviews conservation and preservation strategies for these five as well as gilded metals. aluminum alloys copper alloys corrosion pollutants lead alloys zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... for microstructural analysis of metals, such as scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and transmission electron microscopy, are then reviewed. The article contains tables listing analytical methods used for characterization of metals and alloys and surface analysis techniques. It ends...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... Archaeological Alloy, brick, clay, metal, various burial materials Biological Blood, hair, serum, tissue, urine Environmental Drinking water, groundwater, sludges, soils Food Bagels, chocolate bars, salmon fish, seaweed snacks, wine Geological Igneous rocks, sediments, seawater, plants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003751
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
..., they apply to all metals. For example, the grinding, polishing, and etching procedures (both mechanical and electrolytic) used for copper-base alloys would be the same as those used for copper-base alloys in the metallographic laboratory. Thus, the step-by-step techniques and the equipment used for iron...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... is a prehistoric technology. Exactly when the casting of metals began is not known, but it appears relatively late in the archaeological record. Archaeologists give the name Chalcolithic to the period in which metals were first being mastered, and they date this period, which immediately preceded the Bronze Age...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Wrought copper and copper alloys are produced in various mill-product forms for a variety of applications due to their high electrical conductivity, corrosion resistance, ease of fabrication, and good heat-transfer properties. This article describes the manufacturing processes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... copper wire electrical insulation rolling wire stranding wiredrawing WIRE made from copper and copper alloys has been used since about 2000 to 3000 B.C. According to archaeological evidence, the ancient Assyrians, Babylonians, and Egyptians were skilled in producing copper wire for ornamental...
Book Chapter

By S. Lampman
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
... in archaeological objects. Portable XRF instruments cannot generally provide the low detection limits attained by laboratory methods, but the sensitivity of portable XRF instruments has increased and made possible their use for measurement of lead and other metal in dusts and soils ( Ref 2 ). For example, field XRF...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627081788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
.... Neutron activation analysis has recently found broad application in materials science and in geological, biological, archaeological, health, forensic, and environmental studies ( Ref 1 ). Much of what is known about the composition of the lunar surface was learned using NAA. The technique has become...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.9781627082136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6