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arc furnace melting

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Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... on the arc melting of iron and EAF steelmaking. chemical analysis cupola furnaces deoxidation electric arc furnaces ferrous alloys oxidation steel furnace shell water-cooling system preheat and furnace scrap burners heat reduction THE MELTING OF STEEL is performed in both arc furnaces...
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Published: 09 June 2014
Fig. 5 Melting structural steel in an electric arc furnace and an induction furnace, treating the joint charge in a ladle furnace, and continuous casting More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 2 Power consumed in melting iron and steel in the electric arc furnace. Values will vary depending on scrap, transformer, lining, and so on. The melting point of pure iron (0.0% C) is 1535 °C (2795 °F); of iron containing 4.3% C, 1130 °C (2066 °F). More
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 1 Schematic of a vacuum arc skull melting and casting furnace. 1, fast retraction system; 2, power cables; 3, electrode feeder ram; 4, power supplies; 5, consumable electrode; 6, skull crucible (50 kg, or 110 lb); 7, tundish shield; 8, mold arrangement; 9, centrifugal casting system; 10 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... 40 gray iron castings are presented in a table. The article describes the induction melting and arc furnace melting used in gray iron foundries. It also reviews the inoculation methods such as stream inoculation and mold inoculation, of gray iron. alloying arc furnace melting cast iron...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 28 Thermal flow pattern of a ladle furnace. 1, arc; 2, melt; 3, slag, electrode tip, and lining; 4, vessel, cover, busbars, and environment More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
... Abstract Crucible furnaces, as compared to electric arc furnaces, are increasingly deployed in various melting practices due to their environmental and workplace friendliness and their process benefits. This article focuses on the application of induction crucible furnaces for melting...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... the sources of atmospheric contamination in plasma melting furnaces and their control measures. The equipment used in plasma melting furnaces are also discussed. The article provides a detailed discussion on various plasma melting processes, such as plasma consolidation, plasma arc remelting, plasma cold...
Book Chapter

By G. Keough
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract Skull melting refers to the use of furnaces with water-cooled crucibles that freeze a solid “skull” of material on the crucible wall. This article describes the basic components, operating pressure, advantages, and applications of vacuum arc and induction skull melting furnaces...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
..., furnace types, charging practices of metal melting methods, namely induction melting, cupola melting, arc melting, crucible melting, reaction melting, and vacuum melting, and the refractories and charging practice of reverberatory furnaces. Molten metal treatment of steels and aluminum also is discussed...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... carbide particles. Oxygen content can be controlled by mixing titanium sponge with titanium revert material in the appropriate ratio. Cold-hearth-melted titanium ingots can be remelted in a vacuum arc remelting furnace. In some cases, depending on alloy and application, the product of the cold hearth...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... characteristics, melting practices, melt treatment, and feeding of the molten steel into the mold used in steel foundries. It discusses the features of melting furnaces used in direct arc melting and induction melting. It reviews factors such as wall thickness and designing for avoidance of hot spots. The article...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... production. Electric arc and induction melting are common methods of melting steels. After furnace melting, the molten steel may be refined in a converter (outside the melting unit) or in a ladle. Thus, steel melt refinements are classified as treatments by either converter metallurgy or ladle metallurgy...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... vacuum arc remelting vacuum induction melted THERE ARE TWO COMMONLY USED remelting processes for metal refinement: electroslag remelting (ESR) and vacuum arc remelting (VAR). In both processes, an electrode is melted as it advances into the melting region of the furnace. As the working face...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 August 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01a.a0006337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-179-5
... of pressure-actuated pouring furnaces and provides information on the effect of pouring magnesium-treated melts. cast iron melting channel induction furnace cokeless cupola cupola furnaces electric arc furnaces induction crucible furnace induction furnaces magnesium-treated melts plasma-fired...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.a0005742
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
... ingredients of iron in the form of iron ore, coke, and lime, which are fed into a blast furnace to produce molten iron. The molten iron is mixed with recycled steel scrap and further processed in a basic oxygen furnace to make steel. The electric arc furnace melts recycled steel scrap. The molten steel...
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Published: 01 December 2008
Fig. 29 Thermal energy balances for arc-heated and induction-heated processes. VAD/LF, vacuum arc degassing/ladle furnace; VID/VIM, vacuum induction degassing/vacuum induction melting More
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... for holding furnaces between melting and casting lines for temperature control or superheating. Electric arc furnaces (EAFs) are used by a small number of iron facilities. Only cupola and induction melting are addressed in this article. Fig. 3 Types of cast iron melting furnaces. Source: Ref 3...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003174
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... above may also be employed if the melting is done in an arc or induction furnace. However, if the entire charge of an arc or induction furnace is to be alloyed, the alloying metals may be added to the furnace, usually just a few minutes prior to tapping. Because of the stirring action in these furnaces...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... of matrix CAB calcium argon blowing EAF electric arc furnace Standard CAD computer-aided design EB electron beam ICFTA International Committee of Foundry CADTA computer-aided differential thermal EDM electrical discharge machining EPC evaporative pattern casting Technical Associations analysis Eq equation...