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arbitrarily-shaped flaws

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... model with an intensity scaling factor. The interaction of the x-ray beam with the sample monitors the energy-dependent attenuation through the sample ( Ref 50 ). This portion of the model includes the effects of the sample shape, the flaw morphology, and the configuration of the experimental setup...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... radiography of a testpiece is a major factor that controls the ability to detect certain types of flaws. In some circumstances, although flaws are detected, the selected view presents an unsatisfactory or distorted picture of the relationship of the flaws to testpiece shape. For example, a crack in the fillet...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... inspection and on the shape of the part being inspected. In inspection for flaws, such as cracks and seams, it is essential that the flow of the eddy currents be as nearly perpendicular to the flaws as possible to obtain a maximum response from the flaws. If the eddy-current flow is parallel to flaws, there...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... the electromagnetic fields, electric current flow, and skin effect in conductors in the vicinity of such coils Theoretical prediction of the change in impedance of eddy-current inspection coils caused by small flaws Improved instrumentation resulting from the development of vacuum tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... is passing by. Microwave systems of this type have been used to monitor hot rolled steel products (i.e., blooms and billets). Flaw detection in nonmetallics is occasionally performed by means of microwave reflectometry. Delaminations are detectable in nonmetallic honeycomb and laminar structures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.9781627081948
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 22B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v22b.9781627081979
EISBN: 978-1-62708-197-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.9781627081863
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.9781627081764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0003991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... FORGING OF STEELS in quantity has an extensive history since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Justification for selecting forging in preference to other, sometimes more economical, methods of producing useful shapes is based on several considerations. Mechanical properties in wrought materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05a.9781627081719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-171-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to a point when a crack can grow quickly with no prior gross deformation. This sudden crack growth is reported to be the predominant fracture process in commercial products ( Ref 48 ). Even microscale ductile material can develop critical-size flaws (cracks) that result in rapid crack growth. The...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... is then shaped (generally to a compound curvature) by either gravity or press bending. The perimeter of the bent annealed part is cut to the desired shape, thereby reducing the double vision and edge distortion caused by the shaping process. Polymeric sheeting is made to simulate the appearance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... result of the special post-forming process(es), the original glass undergoes a substantial phase separation and/or structural transformation. Secondary processes that are performed on glass or glass-ceramic products that have previously been shaped into their basic useful form are sometimes required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or wedge-shaped cracks at grain triple points • Reaction scales or internal precipitation • Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part • Check for proper alloy and processing by hardness check or destructive testing, chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.9781627081955
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 23
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v23.a0005654
EISBN: 978-1-62708-198-6
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... stress-strain curves in tension ( Ref 19 ). This is usually done by continuously measuring the force that develops as the sample is elongated at a constant rate of extension. Preferably, the sample is made by compression molding and cut into the standard shape to reduce internal stress. In practice...