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anisotropic plates

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the unique characteristics of composites and laminated plates, including orthotropic, anisotropic, and unsymmetric plates. It discusses stability issues associated with practical, structural laminates based on the finite stack effects and transverse shear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... Abstract This article begins with a review of the purposes of mechanical characterization tests and the general considerations related to the mechanical properties of anisotropic systems, specimen fabrication, equipment and fixturing, environmental conditioning, and analysis of test results. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
.... Examples of these applications include through-thickness property measurements in plates and forgings ( Ref 1 ), weld heat-affected zones, and precious metals ( Ref 2 ) where small amounts of material are available. In addition, characterizing the mechanical behavior of anisotropic materials often...
Book Chapter

By Donald M. Mattox
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article begins with a list of the factors that influence the properties of physical vapor deposited films. It describes the steps involved in ion plating, namely, surface preparation, nucleation, interface formation, and film growth. The article discusses the factors influencing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... measurement of viscosity of semisolid alloy materials by using three types of viscometers: the coaxial cylinder viscometer, the cone-and-plate viscometer, and the capillary viscometer. forming bulk forming sheet-metal forming semisolid forming polymer extrusion process modeling compression test...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... Abstract This article describes post-processing techniques for machining, finishing, heat treating, and deburring used to remove additive manufacturing (AM) metallic workpieces from a base plate and subsequent techniques to enhance printed workpieces. The AM processes include powder bed fusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 8
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-176-4
... longitudinal waves generated in conventional normal impact of plates. Shear waves have been generated by the impact of parallel plates inclined relative to their direction of approach ( Ref 81 , 82 ) and by the normal impact of an anisotropic elastic plate of y -cut quartz ( Ref 83 , 84 ). Shear wave...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 17
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v17.a0006469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-190-0
... Abstract This article considers the two primary methods used for ultrasonic inspection: pulse-echo and the transmission methods. Pulse-echo inspection can be accomplished with longitudinal, shear, surface (Rayleigh), or Lamb (plate) waves using a diverse range of transducers. The article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... describes the damping characteristics of unidirectional composites, when they are subjected to longitudinal shear, longitudinal tension/compression, and transverse tension/compression. It presents equations governing the overall damping capacity of beams that are cut from laminated plates. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... , p 2637 – 2644 6. Brady R.L. , Porter R.S. , and Donovan J.A. , A Buckled Plate Test to Measure Interfacial Toughness in Composites , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 24 , 1989 , p 4138 – 4143 10.1007/BF01168986 7. He M.-Y. and Hutchinson J.W. , “Kinking of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... , Technomic , 1980 4. Whitney J.M. , Structural Analysis of Laminated Anisotropic Plates , Technomic , 1987 5. Vinson J.R. , The Behavior of Sandwich Structures of Isotropic and Composite Materials , Technomic , 1999 6. Tenek L.T. and Argyris J. , Finite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
..., and it is frequently specified for castings that must combine casting quality with optimum performance. The plating quality of ZA-12 is lower than that of ZA-8, but it has excellent bearing and wear properties. Alloy ZA-27 is the lightest, hardest, and strongest of all the zinc alloys, but it...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005168
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
.... Eng. , Vol 390 , 2005 , p 334 – 343 10.1016/j.msea.2004.08.029 31. Hershey A.V. , The Plasticity of an Isotropic Aggregate of Anisotropic Face Centered Cubic Crystals , J. Appl. Mech. , Vol 21 , 1954 , p 241 – 249 32. Hosford W.F. , A Generalized Isotropic Yield...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... stereological techniques for efficient characterization of anisotropic microstructures ( Ref 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 ) and new techniques for unbiased estimation of number density of microstructural features ( Ref 19 , 20 , 21 ). Further, advances in digital image processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... has been included to illustrate the capability of polycrystal models for dealing with anisotropic response. Rolled metal sheet and plate products are an essential component of engineering structures. Application is widespread in the building, transportation, and packaging industries. As a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... Nature of the Fiber/Resin Interface , Tough Composite Materials , NASA Langley, Noyes Publishing , 1985 , p 192 4. Muser C. and Hoff N.J. , Stress Concentrations in Cylindrically Orthotropic Plates with Radial Variation of the Compliances , Progress in Science and Engineering of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... theory, and the latter is described by classical plate- bending theory. This separation is possible because the two loadings are uncoupled; when both occur, the result is given by superposition. In the case of anisotropic laminates, in-plane loading and bending are generally coupled and must be treated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... article concludes with a discussion on composite materials that are reinforced in the z-direction (also known as three-dimensional, or 3-D composites). mechanical properties composites out-of-plane analysis THE STRENGTH AND STIFFNESS of laminated composite materials is most often anisotropic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
.... Spherical inclusions raise upper-shelf energy and minimize the anisotropic nature of notch toughness; these effects are particularly useful in HSLA sheet and thin plate. Interstitial elements, such as carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen, generally reduce the notch toughness of steels. This effect is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 24
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v24.a0006558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-290-7
... of the polymer substrate, and these limited temperatures are dramatically lower than the melting temperature required for the nano- and microparticle metal inks to approach bulk-like metal behavior. Conversely, traditional electronics rely on plating processes, which provide relatively thick bulk...