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amorphous carbon

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006360
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... of tungsten-containing hydrogenated amorphous carbon films, deposition of tetrahedral amorphous carbon films, and deposition of silicon-incorporated hydrogenated amorphous carbon films. The most common deposition technologies for diamond films are also discussed. The article provides information on surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001746
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... and amorphous carbon can be determined separately from graphitic carbon. Hydrocarbons and amorphous carbon will oxidize at approximately 400 °C (750 °F). Graphitic carbon will oxidize at 600 °C (1110 °F). Surface carbon can be determined with a resistance furnace system by sectioning solid samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... between planes The DLCs are synthetic materials with properties arising from their synthesis parameters; that is, they have few if any intrinsic properties. Aisenberg and Chabot ( Ref 19 ) were among the first to deposit amorphous carbon films that had an appreciable amount of sp 3 -type...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the material combinations, design details, and fabrication processes considered in the adhesive bonding or melt-fuse interface (amorphous bond) bonding method of joining resin-matrix composites to metals. adhesive bonding bolted joints bonded...
Image
Published: 01 January 2005
Fig. 4 Average corrosion rates estimated from the weight loss of amorphous Fe 70 Cr 10 B 13 X 7 and Fe 70 Cr 10 P 13 X 7 alloys in 0.1 N H 2 SO 4 at 30 °C (85 °F), where (a) X is silicon, boron, carbon, and phosphorus, and (b) X is silicon, boron, and carbon. Source: Ref 78 More
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... include high-purity iron, low-carbon irons, silicon (electrical) steels, nickel-iron alloys, iron-cobalt alloys, ferritic stainless steels, amorphous metals, and ferrites (ceramics). Finally, the article provides a short note on alloys for magnetic temperature compensation. amorphous metals...
Image
Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 49 The use of co-occurrence statistics in texture analysis. (a) HRTEM image of an amorphous resin. (b) HRTEM image of the same resin with diluted nanoparticles of carbon. (c) and (d) The histograms for uniformity and entropy for the two images. Courtesy Dr. Alain Thorel, ENSMP More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... Diamondlike Carbon Materials in this category are related to, but distinct, from graphite, because often they do not start out as lamellar solids in the as-deposited condition. The materials are referred to as diamondlike carbon, or DLC, because they are typically amorphous, but exhibit short range order...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... of metalloids that is most effective in providing corrosion resistance in glassy iron-chromium alloys is phosphorus and carbon. Fig. 4 Average corrosion rates estimated from the weight loss of amorphous Fe 70 Cr 10 B 13 X 7 and Fe 70 Cr 10 P 13 X 7 alloys in 0.1 N H 2 SO 4 at 30 °C (85 °F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... shows spatial structures of several carbon allotropes. Fig. 1 Eight of the carbon allotropes, or different molecular configurations, of pure carbon. (a) Diamond. (b) Graphite. (c) Lonsdaleite. (d) C 60 (buckminsterfullerene). (e) C 540 . (f) C 70 . (g) Amorphous carbon. (h) Single-walled carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006670
EISBN: 978-1-62708-213-6
...Abstract Abstract This article introduces various techniques commonly used in the characterization of semiconductors, namely single-crystal, polycrystalline, amorphous, oxide, organic, and low-dimensional semiconductors and semiconductor devices. The discussion covers material classification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
...” and “Design for Plastics Processing.” Composition: Submolecular Structure Polymers are organic molecules, with the carbon atom playing a critical role in developing their final properties. Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, and chlorine are among the many atoms that are built into polymer...
Book Chapter

By W.L. Johnson
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02.a0001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-162-7
...Abstract Abstract Metallic glasses can be prepared by solidification of liquid alloys at cooling rates sufficient to suppress the nucleation and growth of competing crystalline phases. This article presents a historical survey of the study of metallic glasses and other amorphous metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... are from a single oxide. They are amorphous and primarily used to reinforce thermoplastic and thermoset PMCs. Aramid fibers ( Ref 3 ) are crystalline polymer fibers and mostly used to reinforce PMCs. Carbon fibers ( Ref 3 ) are based on ordered planar structures; they are primarily used to reinforce PMCs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... temperature of the matrix (or large volume changes will occur) and below the degradation temperature of the reinforcing fibers. The pyrolysis atmosphere is most commonly argon or nitrogen, although in ammonia a pure amorphous silicon nitride with low amounts of free carbon can be obtained ( Ref 49...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 10
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1986
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-178-8
... Overview Introduction The diffraction pattern of any material can be analyzed directly to obtain inter-atomic distance information. When the sample of interest contains a random orientation of atomic configurations, as is normally the case for so-called amorphous materials, it is necessary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... to give crack-free coatings. If suitable additives are used, then chromium can be deposited as an amorphous coating with excellent properties ( Ref 19 ). Recently, it has been shown that amorphous coatings containing chromium, iron, and other minor elements (such as phosphorus and carbon) also can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... of different types of phosphate layers is given in Table 1 . A major distinction can be made between crystalline and amorphous phosphate layers. Figure 1 shows the morphological differences between crystalline and amorphous phosphate layers on zinc coated steel substrates. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... melting, heat treatment, and laser-assisted coatings technologies (laser-assisted synthesis of in-situ interstitial, metallic alloy coatings, ceramic coatings, and thin films). Coverage also includes novel coatings such as high entropy alloy coatings and amorphous metallic coatings, as well as laser-based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., amorphous carbon films have a high density of defects that act as nucleation sites for gold deposition. When depositing adatoms on electrically insulating substrates, charge sites on the surface can act as preferential nucleation sites. Electron irradiation, ultraviolet radiation (UV), and ion bombardment...