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aluminum nitride embrittlement

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... embrittlement, strain-age and aluminum nitride embrittlement, thermal embrittlement, quench cracking, 475 deg C and sigma phase embrittlement (in FeCr alloys), temper embrittlement, and embrittlement caused by neutron irradiation. In addition, the article covers stress-corrosion cracking along with properties...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 28 Scanning electron micrograph illustrating the characteristic rodlike artifacts associated with aluminum nitride embrittlement. This characteristic appearance is confirmation of aluminum nitride embrittlement as opposed to ferrite films or temper embrittlement, which also lead More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 51 Scanning electron micrograph illustrating the characteristic rodlike artifacts associated with aluminum nitride embrittlement. This characteristic appearance is confirmation of aluminum nitride embrittlement as opposed to ferrite films or temper embrittlement, which also lead More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of aluminum nitride required to produce IG fracture is lower for alloy steels than for plain carbon steels (0.002 versus 0.004%) ( Ref 18 ). Minimizing the nitrogen content, using the smallest possible amount of aluminum for deoxidation, and increasing the cooling rate after solidification are recommended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Embrittlement of copper by antimony Segregation of alloying elements, lithium and magnesium in aluminum-lithium alloys ( Ref 10 ) Embrittlement of copper alloys by bismuth (fire-cracking) ( Ref 11 ) Grain-boundary strengthening is characteristic of IG fractures caused by embrittlement. Intergranular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and for control of grain size. During solidification, aluminum combines with nitrogen to form aluminum nitrides (Al-N) that pin grain boundaries and limit grain growth of austenite. When added to steel in specified amounts, it controls austenite grain growth in reheated steels. Aluminum-killed steels reduce grain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... to temper embrittlement. Interactive Effects Interactive effects of alloying elements are very common, particularly between the interstitial elements carbon and nitrogen and the strong carbide or nitride formers, such as aluminum, vanadium, manganese, niobium, molybdenum, and titanium. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
..., and storage of ammonia. These materials include aluminum alloys, iron and steel, stainless steels, nickel and its alloys, copper and its alloys, titanium and its alloys, zirconium and its alloys, niobium, tantalum, and nonmetallic materials. carbon steel zirconium alloy steel aluminum alloys ammonia...
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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... and aluminum alloys are among the most widely used deposition materials and are gradually replacing cadmium in many corrosion applications. Sputtered chromium and stainless steel are also making great inroads in corrosion applications. A promising material is titanium nitride. It is hard, very stable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4D
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005989
EISBN: 978-1-62708-168-9
... of ferritic stainless steels is usually in the range of 10.5 to 30% Cr. Some grades may contain molybdenum, silicon, aluminum, titanium, and niobium to confer particular characteristics. Sulfur or selenium may be added, as in the austenitic grades, to improve machinability. Fig. 1 Oxidation of chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... that the observer can see as the focus point is moved up and down. Figures 1 and 2 show two areas observed on the fracture of an iron-chromium-aluminum alloy. Figure 1 shows the same area using dark-field light microscopy and by SEM using secondary electrons. The dark-field image reveals several parallel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Fig. 1a , b ). Parabolic or elongated shear dimples occur from torsional loading ( Fig. 1c ) or from mode II (in-plane) shear. However, metallic materials can behave in a ductile manner but not exhibit the classical dimple-rupture morphology, as shown in Fig. 1(d) for a cast aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... types of engineering materials considered in the selection of a brazing process. The engineering materials include low-carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and tool steels; cast irons; aluminum alloys; copper and copper alloys; nickel-base alloys; heat-resistant alloys; titanium and titanium alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
... Nitrided A2; aluminum bronze Nitrided D2 or D3; cemented carbide Cups 305 mm (12 in.) or more across, drawn from 1.6 mm (0.062 in.) sheet (parts 4 and 5 ) Drawing-quality aluminum and copper alloys Alloy cast iron (a) Alloy cast iron (a) ; A2 inserts (b) A2 or D2 inserts (b) Drawing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... manner, but not exhibit the classical dimple-rupture morphology, as shown in Fig. 1(d) for a cast aluminum alloy. The cast aluminum alloy fracture surface should show dimples in the aluminum matrix (original dendrites), but can be difficult to see because fracture surface morphology is impacted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.9781627081702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0005585
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... rapid cooling or cold working. (2) (of grease). The increasing consistency of a lubricating grease with time of storage. age softening. Spontaneous decrease of strength and hardness that takes place at room temperature in certain strain hardened alloys, especially those of aluminum. agglomerate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such environments are oxidizing. Increasing iron in the alloy increases its susceptibility to nitridation attack. Titanium and aluminum are also detrimental to nitridation attack ( Ref 18 ). Carbon-Nitrogen Interaction This type of high-temperature interaction can be found in centrifugally cast furnace tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
... 406 0.06 12.0–14.0 … 0.5 2.75–4.25 Al; 0.6 Ti (a) Single values are maximum unless otherwise indicated. (b) Typical value For example, type 405, containing nominally 12% Cr, is made with lower carbon and a small aluminum addition of 0.20% to restrict the formation of austenite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 18
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v18.a0006355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-192-4
... susceptibility to embrittlement during nitriding and increases hardenability and hot hardness. Vanadium permits easier control of heat treatment and gives higher hot hardness. The following steels can be gas nitrided for specific applications ( Ref 2 ): Aluminum-containing low-alloy steels, preferably...