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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
...Typical characteristics of pack cementation processes Table 1 Typical characteristics of pack cementation processes Process Nature of case Process temperature Typical case depth Case hardness, HRC Typical base metals Process characteristics °C °F Aluminizing (pack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing Table 3 Partial list of commercial applications of pack cementation aluminizing Industry Component Typical materials aluminized Hydrocarbon processing Refinery heater tubes 2 1 4 % Cr-1% Mo steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... discusses the characteristics of different pack cementation processes, including aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, boronizing, and multicomponent coating. aluminizing boronizing chemical vapor deposition chemical vapor deposition materials chromizing multicomponent coating siliconizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... alloying (ion implantation, laser surface alloying) Source: Ref 6 Fig. 1 Typical pack of constituents for a laboratory scale cementation pack Fig. 4 Schematic showing progressive stages of aluminization in a low-activity aluminum pack. (a) Pure nickel (e 1 forms first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... (0.011) 0.22 (0.009) Sheltered 1.03 (0.041) 0.88 (0.035) 0.54 (0.021) Source: Ref 17 Coating thickness losses for galvanized steel and type 2 aluminized steel in atmospheric exposure Table 8 Coating thickness losses for galvanized steel and type 2 aluminized steel in atmospheric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... <xref rid="a0003808-e1" ref-type="disp-formula">Eq 1</xref>) after 10 year atmospheric exposure of hot-dip galvanized steel and type I and type II aluminized steel based on 5 year exposure data Table 3 Predicted weight loss (using Eq 1 ) after 10 year atmospheric exposure of hot-dip galvanized steel and type I and type II aluminized steel...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... the characteristics of different pack cementation processes, including aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, boronizing, and multicomponent coating. aluminizing boronizing chemical vapor deposition chemical vapor deposition materials chromizing multicomponent coating siliconizing CHEMICAL VAPOR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... Predicted 10 year corrosion rates for galvanized and aluminized steel panels Table 2 Predicted 10 year corrosion rates for galvanized and aluminized steel panels Tested 250 m (800 ft) from the ocean at Kure Beach, NC Coating Predicted weight loss, g/m 2 Skyward exposure Groundward exposure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14b.a0005164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-186-3
...Forming characteristics of organic precoated sheet steels Table 3 Forming characteristics of organic precoated sheet steels For coiled bare, hot dip or electrogalvanized, and aluminized steels. Applied also to aluminum, copper, and brass substrates. For tin-coated steel, ratings apply only...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1990
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001012
EISBN: 978-1-62708-161-0
... Designations and weights of aluminum coating on aluminized steel sheet Table 11 Designations and weights of aluminum coating on aluminized steel sheet Coating designation Minimum coating weight (a) Triple-spot test Single-spot test g/m 2 oz/ft 2 g/m 2 oz/ft 2 T1 25 (light) 80...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... steel general attack where base metal is removed in measurably thick layers. Since the early 1970s, automobile exhaust systems have gone through a gradual but steady evolution of design and materials. From the days of aluminized carbon steel mufflers, often with bare carbon steel connecting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... etchant but amyl alcohol replaces ethyl alcohol. Etch between 10 and 20 seconds to start. 2% Nital 2 mL nitric acid (concentrated) 98 mL ethyl alcohol For aluminum-based (aluminized), tin, copper, nickel, brass and chromium coated steels. Does not etch the coating but contrasts the steel substrate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... ), 1994 , p 2101 – 2109 13. Townsend H.E. and Zoccola J.C. , Mater. Perform. , Vol 10 , 1979 , p 13 – 20 14. Graff H.F. , Aluminized Steel , Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering , Pergamon Press , 1986 , p 138 – 141 15. Budinski K.G...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
.... They are added in concentrations of 1 to 5%. The reaction between sodium hydroxide and aluminum is exothermic. It produces hydrogen gas and sodium aluminate and may increase the temperature of the bath. The temperature increase is dependent on the relationship between rate of metal removal and tank volume...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Fig. 16 Weight gain for 1 h at 982 °C (1800 °F) in air for (a) uncoated alloy, (b) sputtered yttria, (c) boron oxide from solution, (d) sodium aluminum borophosphate from solution, (e) calcium phosphate from solution, (f) calcium aluminate from solution, (g) calcium aluminophosphate from solution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... be galvanized steel for relatively nonaggressive atmospheres. In more aggressive environments, such as within the confines of a WWTP, the same components should be aluminized steel, type 304 stainless steel, or type 201 stainless steel. The highest structural loading on poles and guardrails occurs near...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 6
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-173-3
...% Basic Agglomerated, fused Good toughness with medium strength; fast welding speeds; less change in composition and lower oxygen Not tolerant to rust; not used for multiwire welding … Aluminate basic Al 2 O 3 + CaO + MgO &gt; 45%; Al 2 O 3 &gt; 20% Basic Agglomerated Good strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
...-carbon steel showing inclusions of calcium sulfide outer rim (light gray) and calcium aluminate core (dark gray). The matrix is pearlite and ferrite. As-polished. 500×. Courtesy of B.L. Bramfitt and J.R. Kilpatrick Fig. 15 Eutectic grain structure in flake graphite cast iron. Etching in Stead's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... that can deteriorate strength, elongation and fatigue behavior. The addition of 0.05 to 0.07 wt% strontium ensures not only die-casting silicon modification, but also iron phase morphological change. Strontium aluminate also forms on the surface of the alloy itself, acting as a release agent and also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02b.a0006574
EISBN: 978-1-62708-210-5
... aluminate forms on the surface of the alloy itself, acting as a release agent and also allowing the reduction of lubrication in die casting. Phosphorous is controlled to maximum limit of 0.001% to make sure that strontium is not poisoned. Alloys 367.0 and 368.0 are used in high-pressure die casting...