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aluminized steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... aqueous corrosion and atmospheric corrosion of galvanized steel and aluminized steel, as well as the intergranular corrosion of galvanized steel. aluminum alloy aqueous corrosion atmospheric corrosion metallic coatings intergranular corrosion Sendzimir process Cook-Norteman process zinc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... presents information on the coating formation mechanism of superalloys and explains the steps involved in a typical pack cementation process. It concludes with information on the processing procedures and properties of pack aluminized steels. aircraft engines coating formation diffusion coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...-steel enamel slips The soluble electrolytes that are highly alkaline, such as potassium carbonate and sodium aluminate, are responsible for flocculation of the clays. Flocculation is necessary to permit proper suspending action by the clays. Minor adjustments in the flow properties of the slip are...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... hardness, HRC Typical base metals Process characteristics Aluminizing (pack) Diffused aluminum 870–980 (1600–1800) 25 μm–1 mm (1–40 mils) <20 Low-carbon steels, nickel- and cobalt-base superalloys Diffused coating for oxidation resistance at elevated temperatures Siliconizing by chemical...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article presents a detailed account on the process flow, composition, alternative sources, and the advancement of ironmaking, steelmaking and secondary steelmaking practices. Some steels, such as bearing steels, heat-resistant steels, ultrahigh strength missile and aircraft steels...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
...: zinc and zinc-iron, 7.07; aluminum type 1, 3.017; aluminum type 2, 3.21; Zn-5Al, 6.87; Zn-55Al, 3.70; lead-tin, 11.08. (d) No minimum Aluminized (aluminum-coated) steel sheet is used for applications where heat resistance, heat reflectivity, or resistance to corrosion...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract Hot-rolled steel bars and other hot rolled steel shapes are produced from ingots, blooms, or billets converted from ingots, or from strand cast blooms and billets, and comprise a variety of sizes and cross sections. This article provides a brief discussion on mechanical properties...
Book Chapter

Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... Abstract This article discusses the most common methods of melting steels, namely, electric arc and induction melting. It describes the classification of refractories by an index of the “basicity” of the slag formed on the steel surface. The steel melt refinements are classified as treatments...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... applied to steel by hot dipping. Heating aluminized steel results in the formation of an iron-aluminum intermetallic compound that resists oxidation at temperatures up to approximately 800 °C (1500 °F). Aluminized steel is often used where heat resistance is required—for example, in automotive exhaust...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04b.a0005929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-166-5
... The metal pots are made of either plain steel or hot-dipped aluminized steel, depending on the application. Thicknesses range from 12 to 38 mm ( 1 2 to 1 1 2 in.). Reinforcing members for light plate, usually angular in shape, are welded from the top. Where depth of the pot so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... coatings in these municipal water systems. The most commonplace corrosion-damage mechanisms are highlighted. The article describes the most common materials of construction found in municipal water systems, namely, cast iron, ductile iron, carbon steel, precast concrete cylinder pipe and reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 14A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-185-6
... porous carrier with physical bonding characteristics. When forming high-alloy steels (e.g., stainless), oxalate conversion coatings are used as lubricant carriers; they also react with the corresponding soap. For aluminum cold forging with severe deformation, special phosphate, aluminate, or fluoride...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... duplex types consisting of sulfide and aluminate phases. Decreasing the size and number of inclusions, and the number of inclusions formations, is responsible for the improved FCP behavior in the through-thickness orientations of calcium-treated steels. Direction of FCP is toward the top. Δ K = 26 MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 12
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1987
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0000605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-181-8
... : Note round, calcium-modified, duplex inclusions of sulfide and aluminate phases. Fig. 138 : Another fracture surface shows formation of ductile fatigue striations, the principal mode of fracture in this steel and in other calcium-treated grades. This mode is also exhibited by conventionally melted...
Book Chapter

By John C. Bittence
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... Abstract This article focuses on the recycling of metals including iron and steel, stainless steel, superalloys, nickel, aluminum, copper, precious metals, lead, magnesium, tin, titanium, and zinc. It provides information on the identification and sorting of scrap metals and discusses the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Abstract This article discusses the classifications, compositions, properties, advantages, disadvantages, limitations, and applications of the most commonly used methods for surface engineering of carbon and alloy steels. These include cleaning methods, finishing methods, conversion coatings...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... -saturated calcium aluminate, or Al 2 O 3 . Fig. 9 Concentration of oxygen and aluminum in liquid steel in equilibrium with calcium aluminate at 1600 °C (2910 °F); arrows indicate oxygen values when the reaction product is pure Al 2 O 3 . Source: Ref 18 The levels of total oxygen measured in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... blanket form, attached to the vessel with pins. The insulation should not rely on internal duct work for support or be in direct contact with the autoclave atmosphere. The insulation is covered with sheet metal, normally 16- and 18-gage aluminized steel or stainless steel, which is attached in such a way...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... occurrence of inclusions in any cast metal. The article provides a discussion on the inclusions in ferrous and nonferrous alloys. The ferrous and nonferrous alloys include steels, cast irons, aluminum alloys, copper alloys, and magnesium alloys. aluminum alloys cast irons copper alloys ferrous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Abstract Portland cement concrete has low environmental impact, versatility, durability, and economy, which make it the most abundant construction material in the world. This article details the types and causes of concrete degradation. Concrete can be degraded by corrosion of reinforcing steel...