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alumina fibers

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract This article focuses on the production methods, properties, and applications of two main types of commercially available continuous-length ceramic fibers, namely, oxide fibers based on the alumina-silica system and on alpha-alumina, and nonoxide fibers based primarily on beta-phase...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Abstract For the reinforcement of metal-matrix composites, four general classes of materials are commercially available: oxide fibers based primarily on alumina and alumina silica systems, nonoxide systems based on silicon carbide, boron fibers, and carbon fibers. This article discusses the key...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... fibers are polycrystalline. Oxide ceramic (e.g., silica-alumina and pure alumina) fibers and nonoxide ceramic (e.g., silicon carbide) fibers ( Ref 4 ) are used to reinforce CMCs and MMCs ( Ref 5 ). The following overview of PMC reinforcing fibers focuses on the cost-considered value-in...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... Abstract This article addresses the types, properties, forms, and applications of fibers that are available for use in fiber-reinforced polymeric matrix composites, including glass, graphite, carbon, aramid, boron, silicon carbide, ceramic, continuous oxide and discontinuous oxide fibers. It...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... alumina content generally ranges from 12 to 15 wt% for these boron-containing E-glasses and from 12 to 13.5 wt% for these boron-free E-glasses. The calcia content ranges from 21 to 23 wt% for these commercial boron-containing E-glasses and from 22 to 23 wt% for these boron-free E-glasses. For commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... failure of fibers, fiber pull-out, delamination, and shear between different layers in the composite. When 19 mm (0.75 in.) thick ceramic tiles (Coors alumina, CoorsTec) were placed on the soy-based composite, the ballistic impact V 50 resistance improved to 950 m/s (3,100 ft/s) for 20 mm (53.75 g...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... unidirectional fabrics for fishing rod reinforcement. Crowfoot weave fabrics also conform easily to contoured surfaces. Resin forms are categorized as liquid, powder, or solid pellets. They can be combined with fiber or have fillers, such as carbon, graphite, calcium carbonate, clay, hydrated alumina or silica...
Book: Machining
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 16
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-188-7
... presents a comprehensive discussion on the properties and composition of alumina-base tool materials, including alumina and titanium carbide, alumina-zirconia, and silicon carbide whisker reinforced alumina, and silicon nitride base tool materials. alumina carbide alumina-zirconia carbide ceramics...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... WYB. (d) Amoco T-50. (e) Amoco T-75 Table 5 Properties of ceramic short fibers and whiskers Material Density, g/cm 3 Tensile strength Tensile modulus GPa 10 6 psi GPa 10 6 psi Alumina  Whiskers 4.0 10–20 1–3 700–1500 100–220  Sintered fibers &lt...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... MMC designation system and also describes the types of continuous fiber aluminum MMCs, including aluminum/boron MMC, aluminum/silicon carbide MMC, aluminum/graphite MMC, and aluminum/alumina MMC. aluminum-matrix composites copper-matrix composites intermetallic-matrix composites magnesium...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... carbon fibers has dropped and their mechanical properties have increased. This article begins with an overview of the carbon conversion processes, fiber properties and microstructures, and interfacial bonding and environmental interaction of carbon fibers, followed by a detailed discussion on the various...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 9
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0009073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-177-1
... composites with fiber hardness less than that of alumina. The deagglomerated alumina powders can be purchased in many sizes, but composites can be efficiently rough polished using only two or three sizes, as mentioned previously. In some literature, fine polishing compounds are shown to be below 5 μm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006488
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... is now used in pushrods for high-performance racing engines. The 3M Company produces the material by infiltrating Nextel 610 (3M Corporation) alumina fibers with an aluminum matrix (fiber volume fraction is 60%). Hollow pushrods of several diameters are made, where the fibers are axially aligned...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 09 June 2014
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04c.a0005912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-167-2
..., platinum, graphite, molybdenum disilicide, and even certain ceramics such as alumina (at higher temperatures where the material electrical resistivity is increased). It is common for optical fiber preforms to be of long lengths (feet) and large diameters (inches). The heated portion of the preform is...
Book: Casting
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 15
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-187-0
... ceramics, such as SiC, alumina silica, and the matrix can be a metal, such as aluminum, copper, titanium, or magnesium. Fig. 2 Classification of metal-matrix composites. (a) Aligned continuous fiber-reinforced composite. (b) Short fiber-reinforced composite. (c) Particulate composite Fiber...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... glass fibers by Owens-Corning. Both S-glass and S-2 glass are magnesium aluminosilicates having a higher alumina content than E-glass. Both filament strength and stiffness are increased over those of E-glass fiber, to about 4600 MPa (670 ksi) tensile strength, and 85.5 GPa (12.4 × 10 6 psi) Young's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... Nextel 610 (3M Corporation) alumina fibers with an aluminum matrix (fiber volume fraction is 60%). Hollow pushrods of several diameters are made, where the fibers are axially aligned along the pushrod length. Hardened steel end caps are bonded to the ends of the MMC tubes. Additional information is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 21
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0003399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-195-5
... 0.3 to 0.6. High-volume-fraction alumina/aluminum composites are currently being developed for a variety of applications, such as high-tension electrical cables and piston rods. Because of the lower strength of the alloy and the high volume fraction of alumina fibers, toughness values significantly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 20
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-194-8
... one hand, the matrix may not wet the fiber; on the other, it may dissolve or react to form a compound with the fiber. Aluminum does not wet alumina or graphite, and it is hard to produce void-free composites. By contrast, aluminum reacts with boron and also graphite. Coatings can be used either to...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reinforced polymers, the role of filler is very much different from the role of filler in adhesive wear mode. Abrasive wear behavior generally is evaluated by abrading it under load against hard rough surfaces such as paper or wheel impregnated with silicon carbide (SiC), flint, alumina, and so on, or a...