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alkalis

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... hafnium in specific media, namely, water, steam, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, alkalis, organics, molten metals, and gases. Forms of corrosion, namely, galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion are included. The article explains the corrosion of hafnium alloys such as...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... used, namely, inorganic and organic zinc-rich coatings. Common inorganic binders such as post-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, self-cured water-based alkali metal silicates, and self-cured solvent-based alkyl silicates, are reviewed. The article also compares inorganic and organic zinc-rich...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... corrosive media include: hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, hydrofluoric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, organic acids, salts, seawater, and alkalis. The modes of high-temperature corrosion include oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, sulfidation, nitridation, corrosion by halogens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... describes the corrosion behavior of copper alloys in specific environments. It reviews the corrosion characteristics of copper and copper alloys in various acids, alkalis, salts, organic compounds, and gases. The article provides information on the behavior of copper alloys that is susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... and other embedded metals, chlorides, carbonation, galvanic corrosion, chemical attack, alkali-aggregate reaction, abrasion, erosion, and cavitation as well as many other factors. The article addresses the durability of concrete by two approaches, namely, the prescriptive approach and the performance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... of nickel with the inclusion of varying alloying elements. It provides useful information on the behavior of nickel and nickel alloys in specific environments describes its corrosion resistance in certain acids, alkalis, and salts. cast corrosion-resistant alloys corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003066
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... include those oxides that are incapable of forming a glass by themselves but are frequently added in large amounts to alter, or modify, the properties of the glass, such as alkalies and alkaline earth oxides. Intermediate oxides are defined as those that are incapable of forming a glass by themselves (at...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... equipment. Larger volumes of insoluble cleaning byproducts are usually formed that must be effectively and safely collected and removed from the baths. Cleaning salt baths are formulated from a variety of inorganic chemical compounds. Among the more common ingredients are alkali hydroxides, alkali...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0006541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... cadmium (C) and zinc (B) have a C rating. The meaning of the ratings are: Table 1 Material code Code Bare metal Surface treatment typically used to reduce corrosion of bare metal A Magnesium Anodic coating+alkali-resistant paint or resin seal B Zinc, zinc coatings Anodic coating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... application in environments that demand good corrosion resistance, such as in water, soils, acids, alkalis, saline solutions, organic compounds, sulfur compounds, and liquid metals. This article is adapted from “Corrosion of Cast Irons”, by Donald R. Stickle, Flowserve Corporation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Electroless nickel-phosphorus plating systems Alloy Hardness, HK 100 Environments in which plating has demonstrated corrosion resistance Significant properties and applications Availability Type II: 1–3% P, bal Ni 435–680 Alkali, brine, strong caustics Solderability, electrical conductivity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
...-pressure high-temperature steam needs to be addressed. Low-alloy steels used in the construction of chemical-processing plants are subject to corrosion from a wide variety of environments. Compounds of chlorine, sulfur, ammonia (NH 3 ), and acids and alkalis are typical. Finally, low-alloy steels are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0004050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... impurities in the fuel, such as vanadium, form highly corrosive molten sulfate-vanadate deposits; the lowest-melting eutectic in the Na 2 SO 4 -V 2 O 5 system is at approximately 500 °C (930 °F). Alkali metal chlorides, such as NaCl and KCl, present in coal and biomass as well as other low-melting metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
.... These coatings have excellent resistance to solvents, acids, and salt solutions. They can be used continuously at a temperature of 150 °C (300 °F) and can withstand brief exposures to dry heat of up to 370 °C (700 °F). They should be kept out of contact with strong alkalis. The coatings are hard with...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05b.a0006051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-172-6
... often used as primers on concrete block and masonry surfaces. Water emulsion latex Resistant to water, mild chemical fumes, and weathering. Good alkali resistance. Latexes are compatible with most generic coating types, either as an undercoat or topcoat. Must be stored above freezing. Does not...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... potential in the soil becomes nobler with the increase of oxygen concentration in the soil. Similarly, a difference in pH generates a macrocell. Steel in contact with a strong alkali, such as concrete, becomes passivated, leading to the ennoblement of the electrode potential. It is the difference in redox...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.emde.a0003067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-200-6
... and is not subject to damage by freeze-thaw cycles. It is less susceptible to damage by acids and alkali than granite, so it is a desirable substitute in areas where severe pollution or acid rains exist. A comparison of the properties of the glass-ceramic material to those of marble and granite is...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... Floor Brick C 454 Practice for Disintegration of Carbon Refractories by Alkali C 456 Test Method for Hydration Resistance of Basic Bricks and Shapes C 492 Test Method for Hydration of Granular Dead-Burned Refractory Dolomite C 544 Test Method for Hydration of Magnesite or Periclase Grain...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... includes a series of tables: the first gives the names and symbols of the elements in alphabetical order and the second lists the elements in order by atomic number and give the atomic weight for each. The periodic table of the elements also is included in the article. actinides alkali metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13b.a0003847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-183-2
... rubber  Chrome plating Rubber linings are not suitable for the chromic and nitric acids used in this service. Water treatment industry  Anion, cation, and mixed-bed vessels Semihard natural rubber Chlor-alkali industry  Chlorine cells Graphite-filled hard natural rubber Natural...