1-20 of 160 Search Results for

alkaline cleaner composition

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for removing a wide variety of soils from the surface of metals. This article focuses on the composition, operating conditions, and test and control of alkaline cleaners, as well as equipment used and their application methods. It describes the mechanisms of alkaline cleaning, such as saponification...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... dissolution. Alkaline Cleaner Composition Alkaline cleaners have three major types of components: builders, which make up the bulk of the cleaner; organic or inorganic additives, which promote better cleaning or affect the rate of metal oxide dissolution of the surface; and surfactants. Builders...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... describes common cleaning processes, including alkaline, electrolytic, solvent, emulsion, molten salt bath, ultrasonic and acid cleaning as well as pickling and abrasive blasting. It also explains how to select the appropriate process for a given soil type and surface composition. abrasive blast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Cleaning Steam Cleaning Alkaline Cleaning Nuclear Power Plant Decontamination Additional Benefits Agitation Operating Temperature Control of Cleaner Composition Control of Rinsing Sludge Buildup For obtaining consistently good results, a regular schedule of maintenance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... Emulsion Cleaners Selecting an Emulsion System Analysis Composition Equipment for Immersion Systems Equipment for Spray Systems Safety Waste Disposal Emulsifiers Emulsion Types and Stability Tanks for Cleaning Solution Spray Washing Machines Piping System Conveyor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... for electroplating See Fig. 4 . Solution no. Type of Solution Composition Amount Operating temperature Cycle time, s °C °F High-carbon and low-alloy steels, spring tempter 1 Acid pickle HCl HNO 3 20–80 vol% 1–5 vol% Room temperature (a) 2 Anodic alkaline cleaner (b) NaCN 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... occurs, some alloys containing copper, iron, manganese, or silicon develop a black smut on the surface. Compositions and operating conditions of common alkaline cleaners are given in Table 5 . Aluminum parts should be insulated from ferrous metal baskets or supports when immersed in acid cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
.... Organic solvents alone rarely provide sufficient cleaning to permit final finishing operations; solvents usually are used to remove large amounts of organic contaminants to minimize overloading of subsequently used alkaline cleaners. Greases and oils vary as to solubility in specific solvents. Fish...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... cleaner can be used. Solution No. Type of solution Composition of solution (a) Operating temperature Cycle time,s °C °F 1 Cathodic alkaline cleaner (b) Na 2 CO 3 H 2 O, 40–50%; Na 3 PO 4 · 12H 2 O, 25-40%; NaOH, 10–25%; Na 2 SiO 3 , 15–40% 60–71 140–160 60–180 2 Anodic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... not removed by an emulsion cleaner usually are sufficiently softened that they are easily removed in the alkaline spray wash that normally follows. The principal disadvantage of emulsion cleaners is the danger of carryover of hydrocarbon solvent into plating baths ( Ref 5 ). Consequently, it is extremely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001310
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
...) Operating temperature, °C (°F) Cycle time, min Tank material 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) (a) 88–100 (190–212) 3–10 Low-carbon steel 2 Cold rinse Water … Ambient (b) Low-carbon steel 3 Acid pickle (c) 60% HF water (d) 180 (24) bal 21–32 (70–90) 5 (e) Low-carbon steel (f...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
.... 3 Chemical Treatment No. 9 (MIL-M-3171A) galvanic anodizing of magnesium alloys Solution No. Type of solution Constituents Amount, g/L (oz/gal) Operating temperature, °C (°F) Cycle time, min Tank material 1 Alkaline cleaner (a) (a) 88–100 (190–212) 3–10 Low-carbon steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 4A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v04a.a0005777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-165-8
... thorough than alkaline cleaners Leaves a film that protects the steel against corrosion Most effective method for pigmented compounds Effective, inexpensive means of removing all three types of cutting fluids Alkaline cleaning: Both physical and chemical actions may be used Alkaline...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
..., causing poor quality coatings, such as complex phosphates. A typical alkaline cleaner is formulated as follows ( Ref 1 ): Component Composition, % Caustic 8–10 Phosphate 4–5 Sequestering agents 0.5–1.0 Buffer (soda ash) 3–5 Detergents (anionic/nonionic) 8–10 Soil...
Series: ASM Desk Editions
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.mhde2.a0003221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-199-3
... contaminants to minimize overloading of the subsequently used alkaline cleaners. Emulsifiable Solvents Emulsifiable solvents also are used to clean aluminum. These are organic solvents, such as kerosine, Stoddard solvent, and mineral spirits, to which small amounts of emulsifiers and surfactants...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... chemicals and foods. Mild alkaline or acid environments are generally involved in household applications. Table 3 gives examples of corrosive environments in which porcelain enamels are widely used. Special enamels or glass compositions are available to resist most acids, except for hydrofluoric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 2A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v02a.a0006489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-207-5
... the work prior to etching. This can be accomplished by using a strong acid cleaner prior to alkaline etching or by using a standard deoxidizer. In the past, a solution of 2 to 4 wt% chromic acid/10 to 15 wt% sulfuric acid at 60 to 70 °C (140 to 160 °F) was used prior to alkaline etching to remove scale...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13a.a0003683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-182-5
... service in intermittent or continuous exposure to seawater. Porcelain enamels formulated to withstand both acid and alkaline attack provide good service in soils. Resistance to acids varies widely, depending on composition and the application process used. The degree of attack by acids appears...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 5
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1994
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v05.a0001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-170-2
... restricted. A circulation system will be needed for effective aqueous cleaning. This can consist of a circulation pump and spray manifolds (under solution level), a “lightening” tank mixer, air sparging (not recommended for some alkaline cleaners, which can foam), and even ultrasonic agitation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 13C
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-184-9
... 5–15% HCl 80–88 175–190 Stainless steels, Incoloy 800, soft metals Silica, SiO 2 , or silicate compounds Long alkaline boilout: followed with acid stage: HCl+NH 4 F 2 (ABF) 50–65 120–150 Titanium, zirconium, stainless steels, Incoloy 800, soft metals Common black iron sulfides, FeS 3...